From: Phong Hoang <phong.hoang...@renesas.com>

This patch fixes deadlock warning if removing PWM device
when CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING is enabled.

This issue can be reproceduced by the following steps on
the R-Car H3 Salvator-X board if the backlight is disabled:

 # cd /sys/class/pwm/pwmchip0
 # echo 0 > export
 # ls
 device  export  npwm  power  pwm0  subsystem  uevent  unexport
 # cd device/driver
 # ls
 bind  e6e31000.pwm  uevent  unbind
 # echo e6e31000.pwm > unbind

[   87.659974] ======================================================
[   87.666149] WARNING: possible circular locking dependency detected
[   87.672327] 5.0.0 #7 Not tainted
[   87.675549] ------------------------------------------------------
[   87.681723] bash/2986 is trying to acquire lock:
[   87.686337] 000000005ea0e178 (kn->count#58){++++}, at: 
kernfs_remove_by_name_ns+0x50/0xa0
[   87.694528]
[   87.694528] but task is already holding lock:
[   87.700353] 000000006313b17c (pwm_lock){+.+.}, at: pwmchip_remove+0x28/0x13c
[   87.707405]
[   87.707405] which lock already depends on the new lock.
[   87.707405]
[   87.715574]
[   87.715574] the existing dependency chain (in reverse order) is:
[   87.723048]
[   87.723048] -> #1 (pwm_lock){+.+.}:
[   87.728017]        __mutex_lock+0x70/0x7e4
[   87.732108]        mutex_lock_nested+0x1c/0x24
[   87.736547]        pwm_request_from_chip.part.6+0x34/0x74
[   87.741940]        pwm_request_from_chip+0x20/0x40
[   87.746725]        export_store+0x6c/0x1f4
[   87.750820]        dev_attr_store+0x18/0x28
[   87.754998]        sysfs_kf_write+0x54/0x64
[   87.759175]        kernfs_fop_write+0xe4/0x1e8
[   87.763615]        __vfs_write+0x40/0x184
[   87.767619]        vfs_write+0xa8/0x19c
[   87.771448]        ksys_write+0x58/0xbc
[   87.775278]        __arm64_sys_write+0x18/0x20
[   87.779721]        el0_svc_common+0xd0/0x124
[   87.783986]        el0_svc_compat_handler+0x1c/0x24
[   87.788858]        el0_svc_compat+0x8/0x18
[   87.792947]
[   87.792947] -> #0 (kn->count#58){++++}:
[   87.798260]        lock_acquire+0xc4/0x22c
[   87.802353]        __kernfs_remove+0x258/0x2c4
[   87.806790]        kernfs_remove_by_name_ns+0x50/0xa0
[   87.811836]        remove_files.isra.1+0x38/0x78
[   87.816447]        sysfs_remove_group+0x48/0x98
[   87.820971]        sysfs_remove_groups+0x34/0x4c
[   87.825583]        device_remove_attrs+0x6c/0x7c
[   87.830197]        device_del+0x11c/0x33c
[   87.834201]        device_unregister+0x14/0x2c
[   87.838638]        pwmchip_sysfs_unexport+0x40/0x4c
[   87.843509]        pwmchip_remove+0xf4/0x13c
[   87.847773]        rcar_pwm_remove+0x28/0x34
[   87.852039]        platform_drv_remove+0x24/0x64
[   87.856651]        device_release_driver_internal+0x18c/0x21c
[   87.862391]        device_release_driver+0x14/0x1c
[   87.867175]        unbind_store+0xe0/0x124
[   87.871265]        drv_attr_store+0x20/0x30
[   87.875442]        sysfs_kf_write+0x54/0x64
[   87.879618]        kernfs_fop_write+0xe4/0x1e8
[   87.884055]        __vfs_write+0x40/0x184
[   87.888057]        vfs_write+0xa8/0x19c
[   87.891887]        ksys_write+0x58/0xbc
[   87.895716]        __arm64_sys_write+0x18/0x20
[   87.900154]        el0_svc_common+0xd0/0x124
[   87.904417]        el0_svc_compat_handler+0x1c/0x24
[   87.909289]        el0_svc_compat+0x8/0x18
[   87.913378]
[   87.913378] other info that might help us debug this:
[   87.913378]
[   87.921374]  Possible unsafe locking scenario:
[   87.921374]
[   87.927286]        CPU0                    CPU1
[   87.931808]        ----                    ----
[   87.936331]   lock(pwm_lock);
[   87.939293]                                lock(kn->count#58);
[   87.945120]                                lock(pwm_lock);
[   87.950599]   lock(kn->count#58);
[   87.953908]
[   87.953908]  *** DEADLOCK ***
[   87.953908]
[   87.959821] 4 locks held by bash/2986:
[   87.963563]  #0: 00000000ace7bc30 (sb_writers#6){.+.+}, at: 
vfs_write+0x188/0x19c
[   87.971044]  #1: 00000000287991b2 (&of->mutex){+.+.}, at: 
kernfs_fop_write+0xb4/0x1e8
[   87.978872]  #2: 00000000f739d016 (&dev->mutex){....}, at: 
device_release_driver_internal+0x40/0x21c
[   87.988001]  #3: 000000006313b17c (pwm_lock){+.+.}, at: 
pwmchip_remove+0x28/0x13c
[   87.995481]
[   87.995481] stack backtrace:
[   87.999836] CPU: 0 PID: 2986 Comm: bash Not tainted 5.0.0 #7
[   88.005489] Hardware name: Renesas Salvator-X board based on r8a7795 ES1.x 
(DT)
[   88.012791] Call trace:
[   88.015235]  dump_backtrace+0x0/0x190
[   88.018891]  show_stack+0x14/0x1c
[   88.022204]  dump_stack+0xb0/0xec
[   88.025514]  print_circular_bug.isra.32+0x1d0/0x2e0
[   88.030385]  __lock_acquire+0x1318/0x1864
[   88.034388]  lock_acquire+0xc4/0x22c
[   88.037958]  __kernfs_remove+0x258/0x2c4
[   88.041874]  kernfs_remove_by_name_ns+0x50/0xa0
[   88.046398]  remove_files.isra.1+0x38/0x78
[   88.050487]  sysfs_remove_group+0x48/0x98
[   88.054490]  sysfs_remove_groups+0x34/0x4c
[   88.058580]  device_remove_attrs+0x6c/0x7c
[   88.062671]  device_del+0x11c/0x33c
[   88.066154]  device_unregister+0x14/0x2c
[   88.070070]  pwmchip_sysfs_unexport+0x40/0x4c
[   88.074421]  pwmchip_remove+0xf4/0x13c
[   88.078163]  rcar_pwm_remove+0x28/0x34
[   88.081906]  platform_drv_remove+0x24/0x64
[   88.085996]  device_release_driver_internal+0x18c/0x21c
[   88.091215]  device_release_driver+0x14/0x1c
[   88.095478]  unbind_store+0xe0/0x124
[   88.099048]  drv_attr_store+0x20/0x30
[   88.102704]  sysfs_kf_write+0x54/0x64
[   88.106359]  kernfs_fop_write+0xe4/0x1e8
[   88.110275]  __vfs_write+0x40/0x184
[   88.113757]  vfs_write+0xa8/0x19c
[   88.117065]  ksys_write+0x58/0xbc
[   88.120374]  __arm64_sys_write+0x18/0x20
[   88.124291]  el0_svc_common+0xd0/0x124
[   88.128034]  el0_svc_compat_handler+0x1c/0x24
[   88.132384]  el0_svc_compat+0x8/0x18

This warning occurs because pwmchip_remove still keeps pwm_lock
when removing sysfs. That's why it leads to that conflict.
Hence, this patch unlocks pwm_lock before removing sysfs.
Also, pwmchip_sysfs_export() doesn't seem to need the pwm_lock
held so that to achieve consistance between export and
unexport this patch also modifies it.

Signed-off-by: Phong Hoang <phong.hoang...@renesas.com>
[shimoda: revise the commit log and code]
Fixes: 76abbdde2d95 ("pwm: Add sysfs interface")
Signed-off-by: Yoshihiro Shimoda <yoshihiro.shimoda...@renesas.com>
Tested-by: Hoan Nguyen An <na-h...@jinso.co.jp>
---
 drivers/pwm/core.c | 12 ++++++++----
 1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/pwm/core.c b/drivers/pwm/core.c
index 1581f6a..2fdd6611 100644
--- a/drivers/pwm/core.c
+++ b/drivers/pwm/core.c
@@ -311,10 +311,12 @@ int pwmchip_add_with_polarity(struct pwm_chip *chip,
        if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_OF))
                of_pwmchip_add(chip);
 
-       pwmchip_sysfs_export(chip);
-
 out:
        mutex_unlock(&pwm_lock);
+
+       if (!ret)
+               pwmchip_sysfs_export(chip);
+
        return ret;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pwmchip_add_with_polarity);
@@ -368,10 +370,12 @@ int pwmchip_remove(struct pwm_chip *chip)
 
        free_pwms(chip);
 
-       pwmchip_sysfs_unexport(chip);
-
 out:
        mutex_unlock(&pwm_lock);
+
+       if (!ret)
+               pwmchip_sysfs_unexport(chip);
+
        return ret;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pwmchip_remove);
-- 
2.7.4

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