On 09/25/2012 03:37 AM, Tomasz Figa wrote:
> Hi Stephen,
> 
> On Monday 24 of September 2012 17:14:38 Stephen Warren wrote:
>> On 09/24/2012 03:31 PM, Tomasz Figa wrote:
>>> On Monday 24 of September 2012 11:42:15 Stephen Warren wrote:
>>>> On 09/21/2012 01:54 PM, Tomasz Figa wrote:
>>>>> On Friday 21 of September 2012 12:56:41 Stephen Warren wrote:
>>>>>> On 09/20/2012 02:53 AM, Tomasz Figa wrote:
>>>>>>> The patch "pinctrl: samsung: Parse pin banks from DT" introduced
>>>>>>> platform-specific data parsing from DT.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> This patch adds all necessary nodes and properties to exynos4210
>>>>>>> device
>>>>>>> tree sources.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> +++ b/arch/arm/boot/dts/exynos4210-pinctrl-banks.dtsi
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> +                       samsung,pctl-offset = <0x000>;
>>>>>>> +                       samsung,pin-bank = "gpa0";
>>>>>>> +                       samsung,pin-count = <8>;
>>>>>>> +                       samsung,func-width = <4>;
>>>>>>> +                       samsung,pud-width = <2>;
>>>>>>> +                       samsung,drv-width = <2>;
>>>>>>> +                       samsung,conpdn-width = <2>;
>>>>>>> +                       samsung,pudpdn-width = <2>;
...
> Hmm, could you elaborate on the idea of using mask instead of field widths? 

For background: With e.g.:

samsung,func-width = <4>;
samsung,pud-width = <2>;
samsung,drv-width = <2>;

How do you know if the layout is:

bits:    7-4  | 3-2 | 1-0
meaning: func | pud | drv

or:

bits:    7-6 | 5-4 | 3-0  |
meaning: drv | pud | func |

or:

bits:    15-12 | 13-8   | 7-6 | 5-3    | 2-1 | 0
meaning: func  | unused | pud | unused | drv | unused

I suppose what you're saying is that for all currently extant Samsung
SoCs, there's some rule that defines this; perhaps the fields are always
in order MSB to LSB func, pud, drv, and there are never any unused bits
between the fields? If so, I suppose that's reasonable, even if it does
restrict the binding's ability to support any unanticipated future SoC
register layout changes.

> I don't see how this could be better and there is an additional drawback of 
> having to calculate width and pos from every mask.

With the DT properties just defining "width", the driver still has to
calculate the pos from every width by adding up the widths of all fields
lower in the register, right? Or, does each field always start at a
hard-coded bit position?

Anyway, you could completely avoid this question by using masks instead:

samsung,func-mask = <0xf0>;
samsung,pud-mask = <0xc>;
samsung,drv-mask = <0x3>;

The mask defines exactly which bits are included in the register field,
so it implicitly defines both the position and width of the field.

Finding the shift/size is very easy. I believe Tony Lindgren's generic
pinctrl already does this along these lines. Very roughly:

func_pos = ffs(func_mask);
func_width = ffs(~(func_mask >> func_pos));

> Anyway, back to your concern, the values that are written to the bit fields 
> specified by those bindings are arbitrary SoC-specific values anyway, so 
> if, for example, we get a SoC with following register layout:
> 
> bits:    7 | 6 - 4  | 3 | 2 - 0
> meaning: 0 | func 1 | 0 | func 0
> 
> or
> 
> bits:    7 - 5  | 4 | 3 - 1  | 0
> meaning: func 1 | 0 | func 0 | 0
> 
> we can easily define the width as 4 and use appropriate 4-bit function 
> values with zeroes on reserved positions.

The problem with that is that if the datasheet documents "func" values
of 0, 1, 2, 3, whereas your driver expects values that are shifted left
one bit in order to fit into the field, the DT would need to contain 0,
2, 4, 6. So, the DT values then don't match the documentation, which
would end up being confusing.

>> I forget, do you actually have multiple different SoCs right now (or in
>> the near future where the HW design is known now for certain even if the
>> chip isn't available) that have different values for all these *-width
>> properties and hence can be represented just using this binding and
>> without altering the driver at all? If so, I suppose the original
>> binding is at least useful (although I would certainly still request to
>> use *-mask instead of *-width properties).
> 
> The binding I proposed covers all Samsung SoCs currently available, 
> starting from s3c24xx, through s3c64xx (except 4bit2 bank type, with two 
> function registers), to the whole Exynos series, including latest Exynos5.

OK, the HW is nice and consistent then. In that case, the binding is
probably reasonable. Hopefully the HW designers are aware they shouldn't
randomly break the uniformity!
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