On 03/14/2017 08:14 AM, Till Smejkal wrote:
At the current state of the development, first class virtual address spaces
have one limitation, that we haven't been able to solve so far. The feature
allows, that different threads of the same process can execute in different
AS at the same time. This is possible, because the VAS-switch operation
only changes the active mm_struct for the task_struct of the calling
thread. However, when a thread switches into a first class virtual address
space, some parts of its original AS are duplicated into the new one to
allow the thread to continue its execution at its current state.
Accordingly, parts of the processes AS (e.g. the code section, data
section, heap section and stack sections) exist in multiple AS if the
process has a VAS attached to it. Changes to these shared memory regions
are synchronized between the address spaces whenever a thread switches
between two of them. Unfortunately, in some scenarios the kernel is not
able to properly synchronize all these shared memory regions because of
conflicting changes. One such example happens if there are two threads, one
executing in an attached first class virtual address space, the other in
the tasks original address space. If both threads make changes to the heap
section that cause expansion of the underlying vm_area_struct, the kernel
cannot correctly synchronize these changes, because that would cause parts
of the virtual address space to be overwritten with unrelated data. In the
current implementation such conflicts are only detected but not resolved
and result in an error code being returned by the kernel during the VAS
switch operation. Unfortunately, that means for the particular thread that
tried to make the switch, that it cannot do this anymore in the future and
accordingly has to be killed.
This sounds like a fairly fundamental problem to me.
Is this an indication that full virtual address spaces are useless? It would
seem like if you only use virtual address segments then you avoid all of the
problems with executing code, active stacks, and brk.
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