USB 3.x SuperSpeed peripherals can draw up to 900mA of VBUS power
when in configured state. However, if a configuration wanting to
take advantage of this is added with MaxPower greater than 500
(currently possible if using a ConfigFS gadget) the composite
driver fails to accommodate this for a couple reasons:

 - usb_gadget_vbus_draw() when called from set_config() and
   composite_resume() will be passed the MaxPower value without
   regard for the current connection speed, resulting in a
   violation for USB 2.0 since the max is 500mA.

 - the bMaxPower of the configuration descriptor would be
   incorrectly encoded, again if the connection speed is only
   at USB 2.0 or below, likely wrapping around UINT8_MAX since
   the 2mA multiplier corresponds to a maximum of 610mA.

Fix these by adding checks against the current gadget->speed
when the c->MaxPower value is used and appropriately limit
based on whether it is currently at a low-/full-/high- or super-
speed connection.

Incidentally, 900 is not divisble by 8, so even for super-speed
the bMaxPower neds to be capped at 896mA, otherwise due to the
round-up division a MaxPower of 900 will result in an encoded
value of 904mA and many host stacks (including Linux and Windows)
of a root port will reject the configuration.

N.B. USB 3.2 Gen N x 2 allows for up to 1500mA but there doesn't
seem to be any any peripheral controller supported by Linux that
does two lane operation, so for now keeping the clamp at 900
should be fine.

Signed-off-by: Jack Pham <>
 drivers/usb/gadget/composite.c | 13 +++++++++++--
 1 file changed, 11 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/usb/gadget/composite.c b/drivers/usb/gadget/composite.c
index e1db94d1fe2e..92ce3018f482 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/gadget/composite.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/gadget/composite.c
@@ -438,9 +438,10 @@ static u8 encode_bMaxPower(enum usb_device_speed speed,
        if (!val)
                return 0;
        if (speed < USB_SPEED_SUPER)
-               return DIV_ROUND_UP(val, 2);
+               return DIV_ROUND_UP(min(val, 500U), 2);
-               return DIV_ROUND_UP(val, 8);
+               /* USB 3.x supports 900mA, but that isn't divisible by 8... */
+               return DIV_ROUND_UP(min(val, 896U), 8);
 static int config_buf(struct usb_configuration *config,
@@ -852,6 +853,10 @@ static int set_config(struct usb_composite_dev *cdev,
        /* when we return, be sure our power usage is valid */
        power = c->MaxPower ? c->MaxPower : CONFIG_USB_GADGET_VBUS_DRAW;
+       if (gadget->speed < USB_SPEED_SUPER)
+               power = min(power, 500U);
+       else
+               power = min(power, 900U);
        usb_gadget_vbus_draw(gadget, power);
        if (result >= 0 && cdev->delayed_status)
@@ -2289,6 +2294,10 @@ void composite_resume(struct usb_gadget *gadget)
                maxpower = cdev->config->MaxPower;
+               if (gadget->speed < USB_SPEED_SUPER)
+                       maxpower = min_t(u16, maxpower, 500U);
+               else
+                       maxpower = min_t(u16, maxpower, 900U);
                usb_gadget_vbus_draw(gadget, maxpower ?
                        maxpower : CONFIG_USB_GADGET_VBUS_DRAW);

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