On Fri, 16 Sep 2016 11:30:58 +0000
David Laight <david.lai...@aculab.com> wrote:

> From: Nicholas Piggin
> > Sent: 16 September 2016 09:58
> > Implementing busy wait loops with cpu_relax() in callers poses
> > some difficulties for powerpc.
> > 
> > First, we want to put our SMT thread into a low priority mode for the
> > duration of the loop, but then return to normal priority after exiting
> > the loop.  Dependong on the CPU design, 'HMT_low() ; HMT_medium();' as
> > cpu_relax() does may have HMT_medium take effect before HMT_low made
> > any (or much) difference.
> > 
> > Second, it can be beneficial for some implementations to spin on the
> > exit condition with a statically predicted-not-taken branch (i.e.,
> > always predict the loop will exit).
> > 
> > This is a quick RFC with a couple of users converted to see what
> > people think. I don't use a C branch with hints, because we don't want
> > the compiler moving the loop body out of line, which makes it a bit
> > messy unfortunately. If there's a better way to do it, I'm all ears.  
> I think it will still all go wrong if the conditional isn't trivial.
> In particular if the condition contains || or && it is likely to
> have a branch - which could invert the loop.

I don't know that it will.

Yes, if we have exit condition that requires more branches in order to
be computed then we lose our nice property of never taking a branch
miss on loop exit. But we still avoid *this* branch miss, and still
prevent multiple iterations of the wait loop being speculatively
executed concurrently when there's no work to be done.

And C doesn't know about the loop, so it can't do any transformation
except to compute the final condition.

Or have I missed something?


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