Hi Aijun and authors

I am catching up with this thread after reading through this draft.

I understand the concept that we are trying to send a PUA advertisement
which sounds similar to Rift Negative Disaggregation prefix now with a
 null setting when a longer match component prefix that is part of a
summary range is down to detect prefix down conditions with longer match
component prefixes that are part of a summary.

Basically how summarization works with both OSPF and ISIS is that at
minimum a single longer match within the defined IA summary range must
exist for the IA summary to be sent.  So the summary is sent conditionally
similar to a BGP conditional advertisement or even a ospf default originate
which requires a default in the RIB to exist before the advertisement is
sent.  A good example of non conditional analogy with BGP if you have a
null0 static for a summary for an exact match BGP advertisement the prefix
is always advertised no matter what even if no component prefixes exist.
This can result in black hole routing. BGP has conditional feature to
conditionally advertisement based on existence of a route advertisement of
downstream neighbor in the BGP RIB.  So with ospf and Isis the summary is
in fact conditional similar to a BGP conditional advertisement and in the
example given in the draft in section 3.1 when node T2 is down and pt2
becomes unreachable and let’s say that prefix is 1.1.1.1/32 and the summary
is 1.1.1.0/30 and no other component prefix exists within the summary range
the prefix will not get adversed.  So there will not be any black hole.

The summary represents all prefixes within the range that would be
suppressed with the summary when advertised into the backbone area.
However only at a minimum one prefix must exist in the range for the
summary to be generated.  That is done by design as the summary represents
all prefixes within the range.  So let’s say there are a 100 prefixes and
let’s say a few devices are down and so now only 5 prefixes exist within
the range.  By design it is OK for router to generate the summary for the 5
prefixes it is representing and that will not cause any routing loop or
black hole.


I am trying to understand wage gap exists and what we are trying to solve
related to summarization in the context of IPv6.  Both IPv4 and IPV6
summarization operates the similarly as far as the requirement of at
minimum a single component route within the summary range must exist  as a
condition to be present in the RIB before the summary can be advertised.

Kind Regards

Gyan

On Tue, Aug 4, 2020 at 11:25 PM Aijun Wang <wangai...@tsinghua.org.cn>
wrote:

> Hi, Robert:
>
>
>
> *From:* lsr-boun...@ietf.org [mailto:lsr-boun...@ietf.org] *On Behalf Of 
> *Robert
> Raszuk
> *Sent:* Friday, July 31, 2020 6:21 PM
> *To:* Aijun Wang <wang...@chinatelecom.cn>
> *Cc:* Peter Psenak <ppsenak=40cisco....@dmarc.ietf.org>; Huzhibo <
> huzh...@huawei.com>; Aijun Wang <wangai...@tsinghua.org.cn>; lsr <
> lsr@ietf.org>; Acee Lindem (acee) <a...@cisco.com>; Xiaoyaqun <
> xiaoya...@huawei.com>
> *Subject:* Re: [Lsr] New Version Notification for
> draft-wang-lsr-prefix-unreachable-annoucement-03.txt
>
>
>
> [WAJ] Such information is for underlay link state and should be flooded
> via IGP? The ambiguity arises from IGP summary behavior and should be
> solved by itself?
>
>
>
> Well if we look at this problem from a distance while on surface it seems
> like an IGP issue (not to mention some which use BGP as IGP :) IMO it is
> only hurting when you have some service overlay on top utilizing the IGP.
>
> *[WAJ] There are situations that the PUA mechanism apply when no service
> overlay running over IGP.  Scenarios described in
> draft-wang-lsr-prefix-unreachable-annoucement-03#section-3
> <https://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/html/draft-wang-lsr-prefix-unreachable-annoucement-03#section-3>
> are not tightly coupled with the overlay service.*
>
>
>
> So typically today if I am running any service with BGP I do count on BGP
> to remove routes which are no longer reachable. IGP just tells me how to
> get to the next hop, which direction to go and not if the endpoint (service
> CPE or PE connected to given CE) is up or down.
>
>
>
> So today smart BGP implementations in good network design can use RD based
> withdraws to very fast (milliseconds) remove the affected service routes.
> When I said should we do it in BGP I meant to ask WG if this is good enough
> to quickly remove service routes. If not maybe we should send such affected
> next hop in BGP to even faster invalidate all routes with such next hop as
> failing PE.
>
>
>
> Bottom line if you think the problem is IGP then I think Acee's comments
> apply.
>
> *[WAJ] Which comment is not addressed yet?*
>
>
>
> Last - See today you are bringing the case to signal transition to DOWN
> ... but for some people and applications it may be not enough. In fact
> UP/DOWN they can get via BGP. But if you have two ABRs and one will due to
> topology changes in its area suddenly will be forced to reach atomic
> destination covered by summary over much higher metric path that for
> applications running above may be much more severe case and not acceptable
> one too.
>
> *[WAJ] Or else, the application traffic will be broken.*
>
>
>
> And BGP will not remove service routes nor modify best path in any way as
> summary is masking the real metric to some next hops. So while in the
> network you may have alternate better native transit paths with a lot of
> free capacity if you only switch to a different bgp next hop (not talking
> about any TE at all) you are stuck offering much worse service to your
> customers.
>
> *[WAJ] if there are other links to reach the affected prefix via the ABR,
> then this ABR will not send the PUA information.*
>
>
>
> Those cases are starting to be solved by performance routing both at the
> service itself or at BGP nh levels. Should IGP assist here ... I am not
> sure.
>
> *[WAJ] when node become down, it can only depend on other nodes within the
> same IGP to send such unreachability information. IGP can certainly help
> here **J*
>
>
>
>
>
> Many thx,
>
> R.
> _______________________________________________
> Lsr mailing list
> Lsr@ietf.org
> https://www.ietf.org/mailman/listinfo/lsr
>
-- 

<http://www.verizon.com/>

*Gyan Mishra*

*Network Solutions A**rchitect *



*M 301 502-134713101 Columbia Pike *Silver Spring, MD
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