The Internationale
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For the 1990 folk album, see The Internationale (album).
The Internationale 
L'Internationale in the original French. 
International Anthem of International Socialist Movement
 International Anarchist Movement
 International Communist Movement
 International Democratic Movement 
Also known as L'Internationale (French) 
Lyrics Eugène Pottier, 1871 
Music Pierre De Geyter, 1888 
Adopted 1890s 
Music sample 
 Russian version of The Internationale 

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The Internationale (L'Internationale in French) is a famous socialist,
communist, social-democratic and anarchist anthem and one of the most
widely recognized songs in the world.

The Internationale became the anthem of international socialism. Its
original French refrain is C'est la lutte finale/ Groupons-nous et
demain/ L'Internationale/ Sera le genre humain. (Freely translated:
"This is the struggle final/ Let us group together and tomorrow/ The
Internationale/ Will be the race human.") The Internationale has been
translated into many of the world's languages. It is sung traditionally
with the hand raised in a clenched fist salute. The Internationale is
sung not only by communists but also (in many countries) by socialists
or social democrats, as well as anarchists.

Contents [hide]
1 Original French lyrics and copyright controversy 
2 Translations into other languages 
2.1 Russian lyrics 
2.2 English lyrics 
3 Instrumental recordings 
4 See also 
4.1 Other language versions 
5 References 
6 External links 

[edit] Original French lyrics and copyright controversy
The original French words were written in June 1871 by Eugène Pottier
(1816–1887, previously a member of the Paris Commune)[1] and were
originally intended to be sung to the tune of La Marseillaise.[2] Pierre
De Geyter (1848–1932) set the poem to music in 1888.[3] His melody was
first publicly performed in July 1888[4] and became widely used soon

In an unsuccessful attempt to save Pierre De Geyter's job as a
woodcarver, the 6,000 leaflets printed by Lille printer Bolboduc only
mentioned the French version of his family name (Degeyter). In 1904,
Pierre's brother Adolphe was induced by the Lille mayor Gustave Delory
to claim copyright, so that the income of the song would continue to go
to Delory's French Socialist Party. Pierre De Geyter lost the first
copyright case in 1914, but after his brother committed suicide and left
a note explaining the fraud, Pierre was declared the copyright owner by
a court of appeal in 1922.[5]

Pierre De Geyter died in 1932. His music of the Internationale may be
copyrighted in France until October 2017. The duration of copyright in
France is 70 years following the end of the year when the author died,
plus 6 years and 152 days to compensate for World War I, and 8 years and
120 days to compensate for World War II respectively.[6] However, the
applicability of the wartime copyright extensions is a matter of current
litigation.[7] In 2005, Le Chant du Monde, the corporation administering
the authors' rights, asked Pierre Merejkowsky, the film director and an
actor of Insurrection / résurrection, to pay €1,000 for whistling the
song for seven seconds.[8]

However, as the Internationale music was published before 1 July 1909
outside the United States of America, it is in the public domain in the
USA.[9] Pierre De Geyter's music is also in the public domain in
countries and areas whose copyright durations are authors' lifetime plus
75 years or less. As Eugène Pottier died in 1887, his original French
lyrics are in the public domain. Gustave Delory once acquired the
copyright of his lyrics through the songwriter G B Clement having bought
it from Pottier's widow.[

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