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The Shankar Guha Niyogi and CMM Archive
(http://sanhati.com/shankar-guha-niyogi-archives/) has been updated on 15
July 2014 with the following entries compiled by the archiving team:

Archive Entry: 2014-07-15:

“Shankar Guha Niyogi La Bhaiya Karthon Meha Lal Salam”: A song dedicated
to the life and struggle of Shankar Guha Niyogi by Faguram Yadav.
Published: February 14th, 1992

This is a song written in the memory of the life of Guha Niyogi as it
commemorates his struggles for and with the people that led to the unison
of workers under him. He begins by expressing solidarity with Niyogi and
says that his blood and sacrifice has further cemented the workers
together in their struggle, under the red flag. He praises his initiatives
towards fighting for the worker’s right of 8 hours of work and
distribution of bonus to the workers as well as the managers. The
challenges Niyogi undertook and united the workers against the politicians
and the industrialists.

_____________________

“Lahuluhan Nazaron Se Uthte Sawal” Questions arising from blood drenched
scenes

This report was prepared by Rakesh Diwan to delineate the events leading
up to the police–led open firing on public and workers of the CMM in
Bhilai, on July 1st, 1992, during the Bhilai movement. The workers had
blocked the Howrah- Bombay railway line, under the supervision of CMM
leaders, holding a peaceful demonstration. However, no government agency
or official paid any heed to their request for holding a joint meeting
with the industrialists or management to reach a mutual agreement.
Instead, the demonstrators were surrounded by the police force, with a
large number of armed police officers in the presence of the police
superintendent of Durg, by the afternoon. Failed attempts to disseminate
the demonstration were made using tear gas and violent attacks on the
workers, including women, with rocks and ‘lathi-charge’. Using the excuse
of increasing anger of the surrounding crowd (witnessing the violent
attacks on the workers) towards the force, the police started firing
indiscriminately and without a warning. CMM members and many other
bystanders were grievously injured in the incident, with the death toll
reported to be about 15-30. In the report Diwan cites examples from the
past where worker demonstrations have been met with similar police
atrocity, citing the events prior to the assassination of Com. Niyogi as
well. He cites the half-hearted attempts and false promises propagated by
the government that underhandedly sides with the industrialists by virtue
of inaction. No real attempts are made to provide workers with basic
rights, legal minimum wage or being hired in permanent positions instead
of as daily laborers, while, demonstrations are curbed violently.

_____________________


The “Other” Peasant Rally

This article taken from Misereor’s publication, The Great Concern, Volume
2, 1990, originally appeared in The Economic and Political Weekly,
December 2nd, 1989.

The author juxtaposes two major agrarian mobilisations of 2nd October
1980—one is a popular mobilization of rich peasants and capitalist farmers
of Uttar Pradesh led by Mahendra Singh Tikait and Sharad Josy while the
other, is a lesser known movement of and by the agrarian laborers and
industrial workers of Chhattisgarh region of the then Madhya Pradesh
state. While the former poses itself as a “victim of unequal exchange” yet
goes onto promote revisionist policy changes, the latter, the Chhattisgarh
Mukti Moorcha, radically questions “self-seeking power politics” and the
destructive development model of the state. The CMM’s 15 point charter of
demands as reproduced here illustrates the agrarian-industrial labor
concern characteristic of the union and their two pronged line of struggle
and constructive works.

_____________________

Peoples’ Health Movement in India: Looking Back at Dalli Rajahara –
Achievements and Problems
By Dr. Punyabrata Gun

(The original bengali article by Dr. Gun, first translated into Hindi by
Satya Sagar published in Sehat Aur Samaj vol. 1, June-August 2011, was
later translated to English by Rakesh Ranjan for Sanhati)

Shaheed Hospital at Dalli Rajhara, which was in headlines following the
murder of Shankar Guha Niyogi in 1991, caught the attention of the media
once again in 2010 when doctor and human rights activist Dr. Binayak Sen
was convicted for life. The author, Punyabrata Gun, narrates the genesis
of this hospital in this article. The author traces the construction of
this hospital as a part of the movement on the issue of public health
which was core to the policy of “struggle and creation” adopted by
Chhattisgarh Mines Shramik Sangh (CMSS). The author identifies and
explains the major achievements of this health awareness movement as well
as its limitations. One aspect worth noting is that besides providing
medical support, this movement was able to build awareness regarding
efficacies of many simple home-remedies as well as need for clean
surrounding. Even after the martyrdom of Shankar Guha Niyogi, the author
could notice that this movement has influenced the initiation of several
movements in different parts of West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya
Pradesh, etc.

_____________________


Front and back cover of “Health for the Millions”, volume xvii, December,
1991, published by the Voluntary Health Association of India

This issue covered Health and the 1991 Census.


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