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> Bacteria develop resistance to antibiotic drugs largely through a natural
> evolutionary process, demonstrating the Darwinian concept of “survival of
> the fittest.” As doctors deploy drugs to fight nasty bacteria, some of the
> bacteria inevitably figure out how to survive despite physicians’ best
> efforts to wage war against them. The ones that survive multiply rapidly
> and over time become more prevalent, spreading to and infecting others. As
> doctors respond by prescribing ever-stronger medications (or patients
> self-medicate), more and more bacteria continue to evolve, and antibiotic,
> or antimicrobial, resistance continues to spread.
> Antimicrobial resistance has already started to threaten the everyday
> treatment of ordinary cuts and infections that most people take for
> granted. If bacteria grow more resistant to the antibiotic drugs doctors
> use to fight them, routine aspects of modern medicine, such as hip
> surgeries, will soon become impossible. Treating a child’s strep throat
> might become difficult and performing cardiac surgery or a cesarean section
> might become too dangerous within the next few years, returning the medical
> profession to the primitive era before antibiotics existed.
> Pharmaceutical companies have devoted most of their resources toward
> fighting cancer and other chronic diseases that primarily afflict patients
> in the rich world whose insurance companies can afford to pay, which are
> therefore much more lucrative. The last new class of commercial antibiotics
> was developed in the 1980s
> <https://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2016/03/14/first-new-antibiotic-in-30-years-discovered-in-major-breakthroug/>.
> https://foreignpolicy.com/2018/06/06/superbugs-are-going-to-eat-us-alive/
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