The “private sector will fix” expectation will be normal for today’s 
governments. The challenge with climate chaos, is that Puerto Rico was another 
step to the new normal. 

> On Apr 16, 2018, at 04:05, Sean Donelan <s...@donelan.com> wrote:
> 
> 
> In the U.S. disaster response system, the primary responsbility for disaster 
> response falls on state (territory) and local governments. In theory, the 
> federal government response is supposed to be secondary.
> 
> 
> https://www.politico.com/story/2018/04/15/puerto-rico-hurricane-fema-disaster-523033
> 
> [...]
> 
> The plan also expected private sector companies to quickly restore 
> telecommunications on the island. “There are minimal expectations that 
> federal assistance would be required to restore the infrastructure during the 
> response and recovery of a storm,” it said. If communication systems were not 
> fixed quickly, the document said, first responders could use satellite phones 
> instead or rely on mobile communication trucks delivered to the island.
> 
> But during Maria, Puerto Rico’s communication system was wiped out, leaving 
> telecommunications companies scrambling to slowly repair the infrastructure 
> as state and local officials struggled to communicate with FEMA and other 
> first responders. Local officials described limited communications as one of 
> the biggest challenges in the first week after the storm.
> 
> [...]
> 
> To many in the disaster community, the problems with FEMA’s plan were 
> representative of broader disaster management challenges across the entire 
> agency. FEMA, individual communities and the country prepare for disasters 
> that fit within their current capabilities, they said, but don’t plan for 
> disasters that could cause even more damage, requiring greater planning or 
> resources in such a dire scenario.
> 
> “If you go back and look at almost any federal disaster plan, it suffers from 
> planning to your current capabilities versus planning to what actually could 
> happen,” said a former FEMA official, adding “I wouldn’t say this is a 
> special case, but it is a problem endemic to the federal government.”
> 
> [...]

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