And now:Ish <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> writes:

Obituary: Tillie Hardwick helped preserve Indian reservations by
challenging Congress

By M.S. Enkoji and Nancy Weaver Teichert Bee Staff Writers 
(Published July 18, 1999)
Tillie Hardwick, a Pomo Indian who successfully challenged an act of
Congress to preserve her status as an American Indian and her homesite as
tribal ground, died Thursday from lung cancer at her home in Ukiah, near
the small reservation where she spent most of her life. She was 74.

"She had a lot of people call her and tell her thank you for having brought
the case in the first place," said her granddaughter, RaquelleMyers. "She
was very proud of it."

Mrs. Hardwick was living in Mendocino County on the Pinoleville Rancheria,
a small reservation, when Congress passed a law in 1958 to convert
California's small reservations into private land, essentially deeding them
back to tribe members who would become landowners.

The same law set aside money to improve the land first with sewers, running
water, streets and fire hydrants, but discontinued other programs and services.

California Indian Legal Services sued the federal government on behalf of
Mrs. Hardwick in 1979, claiming it didn't make clear that tribe members
could decline the deeds, and that the public improvements fell short of
government promises.

Myers said the tribal government still has programs operating for the
benefit of tribal members because of her legal victory.

The U.S. Supreme Court upheld a 1983 U.S. District Court decision
preserving the status of 17 of the small reservations, including
Pinoleville, and the status of the 700 residents.

Myers said seven other Indian tribes followed her grandmother's lead and
won their own legal challenges because her case had been won.

"She was very happy about having been in that lawsuit, but her biggest
accomplishments were her children and grandchildren," Myers said. "Her
children have gone on to accomplish a lot of things. She's just always been
there for everybody. She was very strong-willed."

Born Aug. 1, 1924, she became a homemaker who raised her own children and
many grandchildren, nephews and nieces.

She is survived by sons Joe Myers of Petaluma, and Larry Myers of
Sacramento; a daughter, Joyce Britton, of Willits; and many grandchildren,
great-grandchildren and great-great-grandchildren. She was preceded in
death by one son, Robert Hopper of Willits.

A rosary will be said at 7 p.m. todayat her home at 670 Orr Springs Road.
Funeral services will be at 11 a.m. Monday at Pinoleville Reservation
Tribal Cemetery.

     "My heart is moved by all I cannot save, so much has
             been lost.... so much has been destroyed.
          I must cast my lot with those who, age after age,
               perversely, with no extraordinary power...
                       reconstitute the world."

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