A web-based version of today's and recent news are also available at 

Gunter, Lorne. "Supreme Court's Clarification Was Preceded by a
Track-Covering Corrigendum: It Really Amounts to the Majority of the
Supreme Court Saying, ''OK, We Got the Testimony of the Main Witness Wrong.
Still, We Have No Intention of Changing Our Minds''," Calgary Herald,
December 11, 1999, O5.

["EDMONTON: It turns out last month, when the Supreme Court performed an
about- face . . . uh, sorry . . . issued an unsolicited ''clarification''
of its decision in the fishing rights case of Nova Scotia native Donald
Marshall, Jr. , it was not the first clarification the court had made of
that Sept. 17 judgment. Lost amid the angry protests and pyres of lobster
traps burning on a New Brunswick pier was a corrigendum -- essentially an
official judicial correction -- issued on Sept. 30, less than two weeks
after the initial decision. The corrigendum seems insignificant enough,
almost arcane, nothing more than crossing the t's and dotting the i's. In a
simple three- paragraph memorandum, the court asked, ''please note the
following changes in the English version of the reasons for judgment of Mr.
Justice Binnie,'' who had written the original opinion for the majority. In
paragraph 37, Binnie had stated ''In this particular case, however, there
was an unusual level of agreement amongst all the professional historians
who testified about the common intention of the participants regarding the
treaty obligations entered into by the Crown with the Mi'kmaq.'' The
corrigendum asked that that now read, ''In this particular case, however,
there was an unusual level of agreement . . . about the underlying
expectations of the participants regarding the treaty. . . .'' The same
paragraph should also read ''While he generally supported the Crown's
narrow approach to the interpretation of the Treaty . . . he did make a
number of important concessions to the defence. . . .'' (Yawn.) So what's
the big deal? Only that the ''he'' referred to is University of New
Brunswick historian Stephen Patterson, the principal witness at Marshall's
initial trial, and ''he'' claims that Binnie almost completely
misinterpreted his historical research. Patterson did not, as Binnie
asserted on Sept. 17, determine that evidence existed to support the
Mi'kmaq claim that the Nova Scotia treaties of 1760-61 granted Indians a
right to hunt, fish and harvest that supersedes the rights of non-Indians .
. . Patterson had been asked at trial if he thought the 18th-century
treaties, which do not even mention fishing, conferred upon Maritime
Indians a treaty right to fish. He said there could be no doubt the British
treaty negotiators knew the Mi'kmaq fished for subsistence, and since the
treaties did not forbid trade in fish, it was reasonable to assume that
such trade was ''permissible'' to the British. But as to any rights
conferred by the treaty, in Patterson's learned opinion, they probably
included only the right to trade on the same terms as British subjects in
the area. This would mean the Mi'kmaq of today have the same right to fish
as non-Indians, no more, no less. Thus they would be subject to the same
regulations and licensing requirements."]

"Historic Nisga'a Deal Shabbily Treated," The Toronto Star, December 10, 1999,

[" The Reform party, determined to do everything in its power to impede the
ratification of the historic treaty, put forward 471 amendments this week,
forcing Parliament to sit around the clock at a cost of $27,000 per hour.
The tactic accomplished little. The British Columbia treaty will be
approved next week. The Liberals, Conservatives, New Democrats and the Bloc
Quebecois all support it. They outnumber the Reformers four to one. But
Preston Manning and his colleagues have had an impact. They have deprived
the Nisga'a of a joyful conclusion to their long quest for
self-determination. They have stoked suspicions that resolving native land
claims is rash and risky. And they have sent a signal to other First
Nations: Expect a bruising reception in Ottawa. It is up to Canadians of
goodwill to send a different message. They must tell aboriginal people
clearly and emphatically that the Reform party does not speak for them.
They must express their support for native self-government and their desire
to see their elected representatives make it a reality."]

"Indians in Mexico Attack State Prison," The San Diego Union-Tribune,
December 11, 1999, A-15.

[SAN CRISTOBAL DE LAS CASAS, Mexico -- Militant Indians trying to free
imprisoned colleagues assaulted a state prison with automatic weapons,
killing one child and allowing more than 40 inmates to escape, officials
said yesterday.  Chiapas state Attorney General Eduardo Montoya said 44 of
the prison's 239 inmates fled the facility, 10 miles east of San Cristobal
de las Casas, Thursday night . . . Rebels are active in the region, but
Montoya said the assault on State Prison No. 5 apparently was a result of a
religious conflict. He said the attackers apparently were Maya Indians from
Chamula, just north of San Cristobal, who have been engaged in a long
struggle with village authorities over the right to practice Evangelical
Protestantism in a community where a mixture of Roman Catholicism and
Indian beliefs has been virtually mandatory."]

Maxon, Terry. "Chevron, BP Amoco, Conoco Settle Oil Royalty Payment Suit,"
The Dallas Morning News, December 11, 1999.

["Three oil companies have agreed to pay $ 153 million to settle civil
lawsuits alleging that they had systematically underpaid oil royalties to
the federal government and Indian nations. Attorneys advised a Tyler
federal district judge Friday that Chevron Corp. has agreed to pay $ 95
million, BP Amoco PLC is paying $ 32 million and Conoco Inc. will pay $ 26
million. BP Amoco spokesman Hugh Depland and Chevron spokesman Mike Libbey
confirmed that their companies have signed the settlements, but they
declined to comment further until others sign the documents. Conoco did not
immediately return telephone calls. In addition, Rayford Etherton, attorney
for two private citizens who originally filed the lawsuit, confirmed that
settlements have been reached with six other defendants who will pay more
than $ 70 million. Mr. Etherton said the settlements are in the process of
being formalized with those companies, which include Texaco Inc.,
Pennzoil-Quaker State Co., Sunoco Inc., Kerr-McGee Corp., Canadian
Occidental Petroleum Ltd. and Union Pacific Resources Corp." . . . The
dispute centers on the way in which the oil companies value the crude oil
produced on Indian or federal land. The lawsuit alleges that the oil
companies use a method that undervalues the oil and therefore underpays the
royalty owners."]

" . . . Minister Wants More Money for Land Claims," The Vancouver Sun,
December 10, 1999, A14.

["OTTAWA -- Indian Affairs Minister Robert Nault wants the finance
department to double what Ottawa spends processing native land claims.
Nault has asked for another $40 million, he confirmed Thursday after his
first meeting with the Assembly of First Nations confederacy of grand chiefs."]

"Montana Begins Process of Developing State Wolf Management Plan," The
Associated Press State & Local Wire, December 10, 1999, Friday, BC cycle.

["BILLINGS, Mont.: The state is starting to develop a state wolf management
plan, anticipating the Rocky Mountain gray wolf's eventual removal from the
endangered species list. Fish, Wildlife and Parks Director Patrick Graham
wants Gov. Marc Racicot to appoint a citizen's committee, representing
landowners, environmentalists, sportsmen, Indian tribes, livestock owners
and other interest groups . . . The governors of Montana, Idaho and Wyoming
recently signed an agreement pledging to work together on wolf management,
Graham said. Idaho's wolf population now is managed by the Nez Perce Tribe
under contract with the Fish and Wildlife Service."]
[note: Racicot is already 'managing' bison...please sign the petition to save the 
buffalo at:  ]

"Native Hawaiians Seek Redress for U.S. Role in Ousting Queen," The New
York Times, December 11, 1999, A20.

["Native Hawaiians today demanded some form of redress for American
involvement in the 1893 overthrow of the islands' queen, and some even
suggested restoring the monarchy. In a hearing with federal officials, many
Hawaiian leaders said such a demand represented a minority view among the
islands' indigenous people. But they said that many still felt deep pain
from the overthrow of Queen Liliuokalani. Her removal was orchestrated by
American businessmen and supported by American troops lining the streets
outside her palace. The queen was imprisoned, and an American-dominated
provisional government was established. Five years later, the United States
annexed Hawaii. "Apology is not enough," Hannah Reeves, a full-blooded
Hawaiian, said today. "You must help our people." The United States
Interior and Justice Departments have held hearings throughout the islands
to discuss issues affecting the 200,000 descendants of Hawaii's original

"Opinion[: Tribal Policy; Governor Takes Sensible Step]," Anchorage Daily
News, December 10, 1999, 10D.

["Gov. Tony Knowles takes a refreshing approach to the ever widening gulf
between urban and Bush Alaska: He wants representatives of state government
to talk with representatives of Alaska tribes, ''government to
government.'' ''The time has come for the state of Alaska to acknowledge
and embrace Alaska's federally recognized tribes,'' he said in a speech
Saturday. The governor is on the right course, heeding a recommendation
made last March by the governor's Commission on Rural Governance and
Empowerment. Alaska tribes have been recognized by Congress since 1994, but
state government has been slow to catch on. And some Alaska lawmakers
remain willfully ignorant of Bush areas and Bush needs."]

"Ottawa Offers Aboriginals $2 million," The Gazette (Montreal) December 10,
1999, A9.

["OTTAWA: Calling the Indian Act outdated and offensive, Indian Affairs
Minister Robert Nault promised $2 million to groups representing
aboriginals living off-reserve whose voting rights have been violated by
federal law. But the leader of an impoverished aboriginal women's agency
said while she appreciates the $200,000 share her group is to get, it is
not enough to address aboriginal women's issues across Canada. Marilyn
Buffalo, president of the Native Women's Association of Canada said her
group has received virtually no federal funding and was often left out of
critical consultations. Nault, who said Ottawa is also studying the
property rights of Indian women, urged Buffalo to not get ''too excited,
too quick.'' The minister said the $2 million will go to several aboriginal
agencies for consultations to help implement the Supreme Court's so-called
''Corbiere decision.'' Last May, the high court ruled that the section of
the Indian Act that prevented aboriginals from living off-reserve from
voting in band elections, was discriminatory under the equality section of
the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. In its ruling, the court gave
the federal government 18 months to consult with First Nations and develop
new electoral rules."]

Rushlo, Michelle. "Navajo Leader Rose from Despair," The San Diego
Union-Tribune December 11, 1999, A-3.

WINDOW ROCK, Ariz. -- Little is left of the old Kelsey Begaye. Once, he was
a drunk who cared about little more than his buddies and his next bottle of
booze. He was a homeless man in Los Angeles who passed his days on park
benches and his nights in shelters. That he would rise to become president
of the nation's largest American Indian tribe seemed, if not impossible,
certainly unlikely. But more than two decades later, he did just that. And
a year into his first term, Begaye says he draws on that former life in
hopes of giving today's Navajo youth the vision he lacked. "You ask any
Navajo on the streets where the Navajos are going. They'll say 'I don't
know. I don't care.' I want that to be different," he said. Begaye, 48,
grew up in Kaibeto, in the far western portion of the Navajo reservation,
which spreads out across parts of Arizona, New Mexico and Utah . . . "I
think Navajos are forgiving. They begin to look to someone who has been
through it all," he said. "My positive has outgrown my negative." His rise
in politics started several years after his conversion. He was a local
school official and eventually speaker of the Navajo Nation Council, the
tribe's legislative body. He was elected president in November 1998. "I
guess I wanted to make a difference. I just really wanted to come in and
make things happen," Begaye said. Brown, the man who used to arrest Begaye,
said he believes the new one can change things. "When he was running for
office, I really believed what he said," Brown said. "I believe in him.""]

"Salmon Cash . . . ," The Columbian (Vancouver, WA.), December 10, 1999, A10.

["Had everyone with pretty good ideas for saving salmon next year won
approval by the Northwest Power Planning Council and its advising
scientists, the region would spend $ 250 million on 397 projects. Instead,
the planning council this week approved and sent on to the Bonneville Power
Administration for final decision 266 separate projects priced at $ 140
million. In various ways that will be added to the price of electricity.
Disappointments were big and small. Tribes generally lost more than other
groups. The Nez Perce Tribe would have received $ 20.2 million to build a
salmon hatchery on a tributary of the Snake River . . . After the Nez Perce
hatchery was cut in an early round, the tribe worked out a deal whereby it
will receive $ 8 million for a hatchery in exchange for promising to let
scientists pay a lot more attention to whether the hatcheries contribute
much to the general goal of saving and restoring species."]

Ramirez, Margaret. "90,000 to Mark Feast of Our Lady of Guadalupe in
Coliseum," Los Angeles Times, December 11, 1999, B:2.

["More than 90,000 Roman Catholics of every race are expected to gather at
the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum today to commemorate the feast of Our
Lady of Guadalupe. The celebration, which has become an annual religious
tradition in California and throughout the Southwest, will include African
American, Vietnamese and Samoan choirs, as well as Aztec dancers, and a
1:30 p.m. Mass celebrated by the archbishop of Los Angeles, Cardinal Roger
M. Mahony. The event also marks the farewell of a replica of the image of
the Virgin of Guadalupe, which has been traveling across the archdiocese
since September."]

Rubble, Renee. "End of Trial Nears Against Koch Industries," The Associated
Press State & Local Wire December 10, 1999, Friday, BC cycle.

["TULSA, Okla.: Ten weeks of testimony are over. Now it's up to the federal
jury to decide whether Koch Industries stole oil from federal and Indian
leases. The country's second-largest privately held company is accused of
running a widespread scheme of underreporting the amount and quality of oil
purchased from producers. States where the alleged scheme took place are:
Oklahoma, Kansas, Utah, Colorado, Wyoming, Montana, California, New Mexico,
Nebraska, Louisiana, Texas, North Dakota and South Dakota . . . The elites
of Wichita, Kan., filled half the courtroom, including Bill Koch's twin
brother David Koch, who is a board member with 40 percent Koch stock
ownership. Charles Tillman, chief of the Osage Nation, also came to show
his support for Koch. About half of Koch's Indian leases were in Osage
County. "I'm here because Charlie Koch didn't do anything wrong. It's a
damn disgrace to have two brothers like this," Tillman said. If there was
any proof Koch cheated the tribe, Tillman said he would have joined the
case. "That's my job. That's my duty," he said. Last month, a group of
Osage royalty owners attended the trial to support Bill Koch. They claim
Tillman does not speak for the tribe."]

Simons, Stephanie. "Concert to Buy Lummis Land Scaled Back But Still Full
of Talent; 'Sacred Lands' Show Set for Casino Saturday," The News Tribune,
December 10, 1999, SL6.

[". . . [E]arlier this week, many of the scheduled entertainers dropped off
the schedule and the Concert for Sacred Lands became, well, not as big a
deal - but still well-intentioned. Gone are the Pointer Sisters, former Bad
Company lead singer Paul Rodgers, Eagles guitarist Joe Walsh, Firefall and
the Emerald Queen "tournament of champions" comedy show . . . The concert
was designed to raise $ 1.3 million to help the Lummi Tribe purchase the
2,250-acre Arlecho Creek Basin in the foothills of Mount Baker and save it
from clearcutting. "They're destroying one of our churches - the mountain,"
Lummi Tribe member and spirit dancer Cha-das-ska-dum Which-ta-lum said at a
November news conference about the event. "We don't want our children to
see old growth forests in a library like they do the buffalo. ... We want
them to hear the songs on the wind.""]

Smith, James F. and Margaret Ramirez. "Challenge to Sainthood Evokes
Charges of Racism; Mexico: Letter to Pope Questions Existence of Juan
Diego, An Aztec Peasant Said to Have Been Visited by Virgin Mary," Los
Angeles Times, December 11, 1999, A1.

["MEXICO CITY: From the pilgrims crawling on their knees toward the
Basilica of Guadalupe here in the Mexican capital to the Latino Roman
Catholic parishes of Southern California, an outcry has arisen over a claim
that a beloved Indian peasant believed to have been visited by the Virgin
Mary in 1531 may never have existed. The Vatican's ambassador to Mexico,
Justo Mullor, joined a chorus of angry voices attacking Guillermo
Schulemburg, the 83-year-old retired abbot of the basilica, and two other
prelates who wrote to Pope John Paul II challenging the existence of Juan
Diego. The letter, written in September, called on the pope to withhold
sainthood from Juan Diego, who would be North America's first indigenous
saint and could be canonized as soon as next year. The disclosure of the
letter by Mexican newspapers here last week provoked an uproar just days
ahead of Sunday's 468th anniversary of one of the most important events for
Catholics in the Western Hemisphere--the day a dark-skinned Virgin Mary is
believed to have left her image on Juan Diego's cloak. The challenge
prompted countercharges by some Mexican and U.S. clerics that opponents of
Juan Diego are guilty of Eurocentric racism in opposing the notion that an
Aztec Indian peon could receive the Virgin's apparition. Catholic leaders
believe that Juan Diego will be canonized as a saint May 21 . . .  Humberto
Ramos, associate director of Hispanic Ministry for the Los Angeles
Archdiocese, said Schulemburg's attempts to halt the canonization of Juan
Diego amount to racism. Despite the overwhelming Catholic population in
Mexico, the country has only one saint: St. Felipe de Jesus. If canonized,
Juan Diego would be Mexico's second saint. "It seems he's trying to make it
more difficult for a poor Mexican Indian to become a saint than a
European," Ramos said. "People are upset about it. They are asking: 'Why?
Why is he bringing this up? What's behind it?' " . . . Father Victor
Murillo, preaching at a Mass in the basilica for pilgrims from Veracruz
state, captured the identification that Mexicans feel with the humble
peasant to whom the Virgin is said to have appeared. Murillo noted in his
sermon that "Juan Diego was a person like us. He wasn't blue-eyed. He was
my brother; he was an Indian. He is in my blood, in my body, in my way of
thinking. It was me who was there, in front of our Blessed Mother, it was
me to whom, in the person of Juan Diego, you spoke those words.""]

Stokes, Daniel Lewis, Jr. "Commentary: Unsettled by Kennewick Man," The
Providence Journal-Bulletin, December 10, 1999, 7B.

["On the rarest of occasions, the Earth seems to disgorge certain effluvia
with downright malice, much the way that a maiden great-aunt lets slip a
nasty family secret. Witness the skull and bones given up by the Columbia
River near Kennewick, Wash., in 1996. Seldom has an archaeological
discovery become the opening scene for one of the great American comedies
of manners. Believed by the local police to be the remains of a murder, the
skeleton was handed over to the coroner. The coroner called in a forensic
anthropologist with the splendid name of James Chatters. Chatters dates the
bones at 9,300 years old give or take three centuries and proceeds to issue
a proclamation of stunning political incorrectness, that the male skeleton
is Caucasoid (a term that includes Europeans and some Asians). Enter the
Umatilla Indians, who assert that Kennewick Man is one of their own, and,
under the 1990 Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act,
demand that our silent hero be returned to the grave. Ever eager to please,
the Army Corps of Engineer readies four tons of dirt. A local congressman
intercedes, and an irate judge orders Kennewick Man to Seattle. Portions of
the femur bones are misplaced, and (my own personal favorite) a neo-pagan
group offers prayers to the Norse god, Odin. For anyone questing after a
National Book Award, it doesn't get any better than this. Not that there
aren't a cluster of serious questions. Will the term "Native American"
someday seem as historically anomalous as Indian? Are remains and artifacts
that pre-date Columbus off-limits to Americans of European ancestry?
Rebecca Tsosie, Native American and director of the Indian legal program at
Arizona State, responds with a militant yes. But what if the remains or
artifacts prove to be of European provenance? Should scientific research
always take precedence over a culture's piety? Further, what or who wounded
Kennewick Man in the pelvis? Was it this wound that proved fatal, and, if
not, who tended to his needs? Was there a Kennewick family?"]

"Suspects in Cop's Death Caught," The San Diego Union-Tribune, December 11,
1999, A-3.

["McNARY, Ariz.:  A father and son were arrested yesterday after an all-
night manhunt for the suspects in the shooting death of a White Mountain
Apache police officer. Tenny Gatewood Jr., 38, of Hon Dah was killed
Thursday while patrolling in a remote wooded area of the eastern Arizona

"Tribal Police Officer Shot to Death Near Pinetop-Lakeside," The Associated
Press State & Local Wire, December 10, 1999, Friday, PM cycle.

["McNARY, Ariz.: A father and his son were arrested today in the shooting
death of a White Mountain Apache tribal police officer. Tenny Gatewood Jr.
of Hon Dah was killed Thursday while patrolling a remote road at a campsite
in the White River area near Pinetop-Lakeside. Gatewood stopped two men
after being dispatched on a break-and-entering call at a convenience store,
where beer was allegedly stolen, said FBI spokesman Ed Hall . . This
morning, officers arrested Frank Monte Banashley Jr., 18, and his father,
Frank Banashley Sr., 38. Both men are tribal members."]

"UAF Study Team to Look at Native Sobriety," The Associated Press State &
Local Wire, December 10, 1999, Friday, BC cycle.

["FAIRBANKS: A group of Alaska Natives and researchers at the University of
Alaska Fairbanks are taking a new approach to studying alcohol-related
issues in the state. They're studying sobriety. The People Awakening
Project is led by UAF psychology department head Gerald Mohatt who said
it's just the opposite of most of the research done on Alaska Natives and
alcohol. The three-year study will try to determine what factors contribute
to sustained sobriety in Alaska Natives . . . Mary Stachelrodt, a
self-employed social service specialist focusing on substance abuse who has
been alcohol-free since 1981, said all too often, the focus is on the
problems Alaska Natives face with alcohol . . . "Recovery is very
personal," Stachelrodt said. "These are folks that are willing to be part
of the study and interview process, and we'd sure like to hear their
stories. There are so many.""]

Yzerman, Chris. "Ambitious Native Program Harbours Olympic Dream," The
Ottawa Citizen, December 10, 1999, B1.

["Plans for an all-native national hockey team are underway with the help
of the Canadian Hockey Association, and the program has its sights set on
international competition as early as the 2002 Winter Games at Salt Lake
City. Although the program, which boasts former National Hockey League
coach of the year Ted Nolan as its director of operations, has not received
approval from the federal government, it hopes to begin play at the
under-18 level with a game later this month against the Czech Republic in
building toward a national-level club. Nolan would also handle coaching and
recruiting duties at that level. ''It's an idea that's been floating around
for some time,'' First Nations national chief Phil Fontaine said yesterday.
''We've met with Ted and a number of former NHLers ... and this was
something that interested a lot of people.'' Fontaine is responsible for
recruiting Nolan to run the program. Nolan, won the Adams Award for best
coach in 1997 while with the Buffalo Sabres as well as a Memorial Cup
championship with the Ontario Hockey League's Soo Greyhounds in 1993."]

handpicked and carefully packed by Victor Rocha 
Pechanga Band of Luiseņo Indians


Indians to require use permits on their land
(CARRABASSETT VALLEY, Maine) (AP) Residents in one of Maine's recreational hotspots 
say the Penobscot Indian Nation's new land-posting policy will hurt tourism, the 
backbone of the local economy. 

Residents bracing for more suicides as Christmas approaches
(CROSS LAKE FIRST NATION, Man.) (CP) - With a suicide epidemic described by one 
anthropologist as "the worst situation anywhere in Canada," this northern Manitoba 
reserve is bracing for a holiday season as its crisis line runs out of money and 
volunteers succumb to stress. 

County officials say Halbritter shouldn't blame them
(WAMPSVILLE) -- County officials took exception to comments made Thursdayby Oneida 
Indian Nation RepresentativeRay Halbritter that Madison County's efforts to foreclose 
on Nation property was derailing the negotiation process. 

Book Review: Be Careful Of Promises
When Washington Territorial Governor Isaac Stevens reported in 1854 that settlement 
east of the Cascades was so important that "all impediments should be removed," he 
meant Native Americans. 

American Indian center boss getting to know town New executive director hopes to make 
agency more visible in the community
(OHIO) Akron is still pretty much unexplored territory for Lanna Samaniego, the new 
executive director of Akron's North American Indian Cultural Center.

In Canada, Free Speech Has Its Restrictions Government Limits Discourse That Some May 
Find Offensive
(TORONTO) New Yorker Harold Mollin thought it was a pretty clever way to market his 
new "weather insurance" to Canadians planning weddings or vacations: a 30-second TV 
spot featuring a huckster dressed in an Indian headdress leading a bunch of senior 
citizens in a rain dance. 

Reprinted under the Fair Use doctrine 
of international copyright law.
           Tsonkwadiyonrat (We are ONE Spirit)

Reply via email to