On Tue, Aug 08, 2017 at 09:22:39PM -0500, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> On Sat, Aug 05, 2017 at 03:15:11PM +0800, Ding Tianhong wrote:
> > When bit4 is set in the PCIe Device Control register, it indicates
> > whether the device is permitted to use relaxed ordering.
> > On some platforms using relaxed ordering can have performance issues or
> > due to erratum can cause data-corruption. In such cases devices must avoid
> > using relaxed ordering.
> > 
> > This patch checks if there is any node in the hierarchy that indicates that
> > using relaxed ordering is not safe. 

> > +EXPORT_SYMBOL(pcie_relaxed_ordering_supported);
> This is misnamed.  This doesn't tell us anything about whether the
> device *supports* relaxed ordering.  It only tells us whether the
> device is *permitted* to use it.
> When a device initiates a transaction, the hardware should set the RO
> bit in the TLP with logic something like this:
>   RO = <this Function supports relaxed ordering> &&
>        <this transaction doesn't require strong write ordering> &&
>        <PCI_EXP_DEVCTL_RELAX_EN is set>
> The issue you're fixing is that some Completers don't handle RO
> correctly.  The determining factor is not the Requester, but the
> Completer (for this series, a Root Port).  So I think this should be
> something like:
>   int pcie_relaxed_ordering_broken(struct pci_dev *completer)
>   {
>     if (!completer)
>       return 0;
>     return completer->dev_flags & PCI_DEV_FLAGS_NO_RELAXED_ORDERING;
>   }
> and the caller should do something like this:
>  if (pcie_relaxed_ordering_broken(pci_find_pcie_root_port(pdev)))
>    adapter->flags |= ROOT_NO_RELAXED_ORDERING;
> That way it's obvious where the issue is, and it's obvious that the
> answer might be different for peer-to-peer transactions than it is for
> transactions to the root port, i.e., to coherent memory.

After looking at the driver, I wonder if it would be simpler like

  int pcie_relaxed_ordering_enabled(struct pci_dev *dev)
    u16 ctl;

    pcie_capability_read_word(dev, PCI_EXP_DEVCTL, &ctl);
    return ctl & PCI_EXP_DEVCTL_RELAX_EN;

  static void pci_configure_relaxed_ordering(struct pci_dev *dev)
    struct pci_dev *root;

    if (dev->is_virtfn)
      return;  /* PCI_EXP_DEVCTL_RELAX_EN is RsvdP in VFs */

    if (!pcie_relaxed_ordering_enabled(dev))

     * For now, we only deal with Relaxed Ordering issues with Root
     * Ports.  Peer-to-peer DMA is another can of worms.
    root = pci_find_pcie_root_port(dev);
    if (!root)

    if (root->relaxed_ordering_broken)
      pcie_capability_clear_word(dev, PCI_EXP_DEVCTL,

This doesn't check every intervening switch, but I don't think we know
about any issues except with root ports.

And the driver could do:

  if (!pcie_relaxed_ordering_enabled(pdev))
    adapter->flags |= ROOT_NO_RELAXED_ORDERING;

The driver code wouldn't show anything about coherent memory vs.
peer-to-peer, but we really don't have a clue about how to handle that
yet anyway.

I guess this is back to exactly what you proposed, except that I
changed the name of pcie_relaxed_ordering_supported() to
pcie_relaxed_ordering_enabled(), which I think is slightly more
specific from the device's point of view.


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