One of our in-house projects, bpf-based NAT, hits a kernel BUG_ON at
net-next function skb_segment, line 3667.

3472 struct sk_buff *skb_segment(struct sk_buff *head_skb,
3473                             netdev_features_t features)
3474 {
3475         struct sk_buff *segs = NULL;
3476         struct sk_buff *tail = NULL;
3665                 while (pos < offset + len) {
3666                         if (i >= nfrags) {
3667                                 BUG_ON(skb_headlen(list_skb));
3669                                 i = 0;
3670 nfrags = skb_shinfo(list_skb)->nr_frags;
3671                                 frag = skb_shinfo(list_skb)->frags;
3672                                 frag_skb = list_skb;

call stack:
#0 [ffff883ffef034f8] machine_kexec at ffffffff81044c41
 #1 [ffff883ffef03558] __crash_kexec at ffffffff8110c525
 #2 [ffff883ffef03620] crash_kexec at ffffffff8110d5cc
 #3 [ffff883ffef03640] oops_end at ffffffff8101d7e7
 #4 [ffff883ffef03668] die at ffffffff8101deb2
 #5 [ffff883ffef03698] do_trap at ffffffff8101a700
 #6 [ffff883ffef036e8] do_error_trap at ffffffff8101abfe
 #7 [ffff883ffef037a0] do_invalid_op at ffffffff8101acd0
 #8 [ffff883ffef037b0] invalid_op at ffffffff81a00bab
    [exception RIP: skb_segment+3044]
    RIP: ffffffff817e4dd4  RSP: ffff883ffef03860  RFLAGS: 00010216
    RAX: 0000000000002bf6  RBX: ffff883feb7aaa00  RCX: 0000000000000011
    RDX: ffff883fb87910c0  RSI: 0000000000000011  RDI: ffff883feb7ab500
    RBP: ffff883ffef03928   R8: 0000000000002ce2   R9: 00000000000027da
    R10: 000001ea00000000  R11: 0000000000002d82  R12: ffff883f90a1ee80
    R13: ffff883fb8791120  R14: ffff883feb7abc00  R15: 0000000000002ce2
    ORIG_RAX: ffffffffffffffff  CS: 0010  SS: 0018
 #9 [ffff883ffef03930] tcp_gso_segment at ffffffff818713e7
#10 [ffff883ffef03990] tcp4_gso_segment at ffffffff818717d8
#11 [ffff883ffef039b0] inet_gso_segment at ffffffff81882c9b
#12 [ffff883ffef03a10] skb_mac_gso_segment at ffffffff817f39b8
#13 [ffff883ffef03a38] __skb_gso_segment at ffffffff817f3ac9
#14 [ffff883ffef03a68] validate_xmit_skb at ffffffff817f3eed
#15 [ffff883ffef03aa8] validate_xmit_skb_list at ffffffff817f40a2
#16 [ffff883ffef03ad8] sch_direct_xmit at ffffffff81824efb
#17 [ffff883ffef03b20] __qdisc_run at ffffffff818251aa
#18 [ffff883ffef03b90] __dev_queue_xmit at ffffffff817f45ed
#19 [ffff883ffef03c08] dev_queue_xmit at ffffffff817f4b90
#20 [ffff883ffef03c18] __bpf_redirect at ffffffff81812b66
#21 [ffff883ffef03c40] skb_do_redirect at ffffffff81813209
#22 [ffff883ffef03c60] __netif_receive_skb_core at ffffffff817f310d
#23 [ffff883ffef03cc8] __netif_receive_skb at ffffffff817f32e8
#24 [ffff883ffef03ce8] netif_receive_skb_internal at ffffffff817f5538
#25 [ffff883ffef03d10] napi_gro_complete at ffffffff817f56c0
#26 [ffff883ffef03d28] dev_gro_receive at ffffffff817f5ea6
#27 [ffff883ffef03d78] napi_gro_receive at ffffffff817f6168
#28 [ffff883ffef03da0] mlx5e_handle_rx_cqe_mpwrq at ffffffff817381c2
#29 [ffff883ffef03e30] mlx5e_poll_rx_cq at ffffffff817386c2
#30 [ffff883ffef03e80] mlx5e_napi_poll at ffffffff8173926e
#31 [ffff883ffef03ed0] net_rx_action at ffffffff817f5a6e
#32 [ffff883ffef03f48] __softirqentry_text_start at ffffffff81c000c3
#33 [ffff883ffef03fa8] irq_exit at ffffffff8108f515
#34 [ffff883ffef03fb8] do_IRQ at ffffffff81a01b11
--- <IRQ stack> ---
bt: cannot transition from IRQ stack to current process stack:
        IRQ stack pointer: ffff883ffef034f8
    process stack pointer: ffffffff81a01ae9
       current stack base: ffffc9000c5c4000

The test will involve three machines:
  M_ipv6 <-> M_nat <-> M_ipv4

The M_nat will do ipv4<->ipv6 address translation and then forward packet
to proper destination. The control plane will configure M_nat properly
will understand virtual ipv4 address for machine M_ipv6, and
virtual ipv6 address for machine M_ipv4.

M_nat runs a bpf program, which is attached to clsact (ingress) qdisc.
The program uses bpf_skb_change_proto to do protocol conversion.
bpf_skb_change_proto will adjust skb header_len and len properly
based on protocol change.
After the conversion, the program will make proper change on
ethhdr and ip4/6 header, recalculate checksum, and send the packet out
through bpf_redirect.


MTU: 1500B for all three machines.

The tso/lro/gro are enabled on the M_nat box.

ping works on both ways of M_ipv6 <-> M_ipv4.
It works for transfering a small file (4KB) between M_ipv6 and M_ipv4 (both ways). Transfering a large file (e.g., 4MB) from M_ipv6 to M_ipv4, failed with the above BUG_ON, really fast.
Did not really test from M_ipv4 to M_ipv6 with large file.

The error path likely to be (also from the above call stack):
  nic -> lro/gro -> bpf_program -> gso (BUG_ON)

In one of experiments, I explicitly printed the skb->len and skb->data_len. The values are below:
  skb_segment: len 2856, data_len 2686
They should be equal to avoid BUG.

In another experiment, I got:
  skb_segment: len 1428, data_len 1258

In both cases, the difference is 170 bytes. Not sure whether
this is just a coincidence or not.


A workaround to avoid BUG_ON is to disable lro/gro. This way,
kernel will not receive big packets and hence gso is not really called.

I am not familiar with gso code. Does anybody hit this BUG_ON before?
Any suggestion on how to debug this?



Reply via email to