In the sockmap design BPF programs (SK_SKB_STREAM_PARSER,
SK_SKB_STREAM_VERDICT and SK_MSG_VERDICT) are attached to the sockmap
map type and when a sock is added to the map the programs are used by
the socket. However, sockmap updates from both userspace and BPF
programs can happen concurrently with the attach and detach of these

To resolve this we use the bpf_prog_inc_not_zero and a READ_ONCE()
primitive to ensure the program pointer is not refeched and
possibly NULL'd before the refcnt increment. This happens inside
a RCU critical section so although the pointer reference in the map
object may be NULL (by a concurrent detach operation) the reference
from READ_ONCE will not be free'd until after grace period. This
ensures the object returned by READ_ONCE() is valid through the
RCU criticl section and safe to use as long as we "know" it may
be free'd shortly.

Daniel spotted a case in the sock update API where instead of using
the READ_ONCE() program reference we used the pointer from the
original map, stab->bpf_{verdict|parse|txmsg}. The problem with this
is the logic checks the object returned from the READ_ONCE() is not
NULL and then tries to reference the object again but using the
above map pointer, which may have already been NULL'd by a parallel
detach operation. If this happened bpf_porg_inc_not_zero could
dereference a NULL pointer.

Fix this by using variable returned by READ_ONCE() that is checked
for NULL.

Fixes: 2f857d04601a ("bpf: sockmap, remove STRPARSER map_flags and add 
multi-map support")
Reported-by: Daniel Borkmann <>
Signed-off-by: John Fastabend <>
Acked-by: Martin KaFai Lau <>
 kernel/bpf/sockmap.c |    6 +++---
 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/bpf/sockmap.c b/kernel/bpf/sockmap.c
index f03aaa8..95a84b2 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/sockmap.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/sockmap.c
@@ -1703,11 +1703,11 @@ static int sock_map_ctx_update_elem(struct 
bpf_sock_ops_kern *skops,
                 * we increment the refcnt. If this is the case abort with an
                 * error.
-               verdict = bpf_prog_inc_not_zero(stab->bpf_verdict);
+               verdict = bpf_prog_inc_not_zero(verdict);
                if (IS_ERR(verdict))
                        return PTR_ERR(verdict);
-               parse = bpf_prog_inc_not_zero(stab->bpf_parse);
+               parse = bpf_prog_inc_not_zero(parse);
                if (IS_ERR(parse)) {
                        return PTR_ERR(parse);
@@ -1715,7 +1715,7 @@ static int sock_map_ctx_update_elem(struct 
bpf_sock_ops_kern *skops,
        if (tx_msg) {
-               tx_msg = bpf_prog_inc_not_zero(stab->bpf_tx_msg);
+               tx_msg = bpf_prog_inc_not_zero(tx_msg);
                if (IS_ERR(tx_msg)) {
                        if (parse && verdict) {

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