On Fri, 2021-09-24 at 07:07 +0000, moonkid--- via networkmanager-list
> Hello together,
> is it possible to use a fixed (static?) IP on a network interface
> when 
> it is configured as "Link-local"?

Currently not.

> Let me explain my problem first and the background (Why I want this) 
> after.

I think it makes sense to combine IPv4 link local addressing together
with manual or DHCP(v4) methods. That should be added.

We are about to rework the IP handling of NetworkManager. That should
make it simpler to implement that feature.

> I am on a RaspberryOS (Pi4 with two interfaces: LAN and WLAN). 
> Network-Manager is not installed by default so I did it via "apt".
> Via nmtui I setup the "eth0" with Link-local as you can see on the 
> screenshot [1].
> I tried to setup a fixed IP on "eth0" and used the dhcpd.conf for
> that.
> $ cat /etc/dhcpcd.conf
> interface eth0
> static ip_address=
> noipv6

You mean, you are using "[main].dhcp=dhcpcd" in NetworkManager.conf?
Yes, I guess this would work somewhat. But it totally bypasses
NetworkManager, and hacks an IP address there. This is not how it's
supposed to work and users should not be required to edit files in /etc
as root.

> When I connect another PC (a Win10 Laptop) to "eth0" I can see in the
> /var/log/syslog that this fixed IP is used at the first step. But
> after 
> it another random IP is setup. At the end the IP is not overridden
> but 
> "eth0" got two IPs. I was not aware that this is possible.

I don't know. You'd have to check dhcpcd documentation what "static"
means. In geneal, if you use [main].dhcp=dhcpcd", then NetworkManager
execs dhcpcd to do DHCP. If you then configure dhcpcd directly, then
some things will happen and that would be transparant to

> 2: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc mq state UP
> group default qlen 1000
>      link/ether e4:5f:01:5d:1c:b8 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
>      inet brd scope link
> noprefixroute 
> eth0
>         valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
>      inet brd scope global 
> noprefixroute eth0
>         valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
>      inet6 fe80::e65f:1ff:fe5d:1cb8/64 scope link
>         valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
> But from the Win10 PC the Pi is reachable (SSH) only via the second 
> (random) IP. What can I do to setup a fixed IP?

That's unclear. If you use IPv4LL addresses, then they are in subnet If your Windows PC has multiple interfaces, then I
would check that really gets routed the right way. When
you try to reach an link local address, then you usually have to
specify the interface which should be used (both with IPv4 and IPv6).

> Now let me explain some background because you will ask why I need
> this. 
> ;)
> I am not very familiar with network things and also "Link-local" is 
> totaly new for me. But in my understanding it is that what I need for
> my 
> use case without setting up an DHCP Server on the PI.
> My use-case is that I want to connect (via "eth0") the Pi headless(!)
> to 
> a LAN Port of Windows 10 PC. There is no device (router, switch, ...)
> between the Pi and the Win - only a LAN cable. There is absolutely
> now 
> way to do any network configurations on the Windows machine! It is
> setup 
> to listen on every DHCP by default. No way to change that!
> But I found out that the Windows machine takes an IP address when the
> "opposite machine" (the Pi on the other end of the LAN cable) is
> setup 
> to Link-local. This saves me from setup an DHCP server on the Pi -
> which 
> I tried but did not succeeded. I think a DHCP server would be
> overhead 
> because the Pi only connects to this one machine.
> Why a fixed IP? As told the Pi is headless. When I connect the Win 
> machine I do not know the IP of the Pi. There is no usual way to find
> out the Pi's IP without doing any network scans. But I also have no 
> monitor on the Pi to look into its log files or network status
> appletts.
> Btw: I know that in most situations a Pi is reachable via 
> "raspberrypi.local" by default. This works here on my case. But I do
> not 
> want to trust on that. I would sleep better when I would have the
> real 
> IP. The "raspebbrypi.local" did not help me to get the IP behind it 
> because when I ping it I just get a IPv6 look-a-like address back -
> no 
> IPv4. Even if there is a way to get the IPv4 IP behind 
> "raspberrypi.local" from the Windows machine it would be a workaround
> because I would have to do it on every connection. I would prefer a 
> static/fixed always known IP.
> Btw: As you can see there is also a IPv6 address on "eth0" but I
> tried 
> to deactivate IPv6 via "noipv6" in dhcpcd.conf; but it is ignored or 
> overridden.

You could also run "ipv4.method=shared". Then NetworkManager will run a
DHCP server and the Windows-PC can just connect. Also the IP address in
NetworkManager is then well known (and configurable).


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