It seems worthy of adding a note to this NYS Birds list that a GOLDEN-CROWNED 
SPARROW was lingering at a location in Herkimer County, NY as noted in the 
(photo-link included) eBird report from as recently as March 10th - (and thanks to W. Mount & others for 
their recent reports) - this one’s a beauty, it's in high spring-plumage now.

Also worth a note that a lingering SUMMER TANAGER appears to have weathered 
this winter in Dutchess County, N.Y. & was (most recently) seen, 
photo-documented, and reported again from the same (lingering there) location 
in that county, by Kyle Bardwell, Steve Rappaport, & also by (many) others, 
previously.  The latest report of this bird may be from March 6th by Barbara 
Michelin, via eBird, with the note this individual bird was noted at least as 
early as mid-January, if not earlier. This tanager is in female-like plumage. 
The species has attempted overwintering in N.Y. City in the recent past, in at 
least Richmond County ('Staten Island’). It would be interesting to know if 
previous overwinterering attempts by this species were known to be successful 
or not.

New York County in N.Y. City:

A Wood Thrush that has been present in the southeast part of Central Park 
(around The Pond) for many, many weeks now is of interest as a relatively rare 
winterer in the region. To be clear, this is NOT a recent arrival - the bird 
had been photographed at least a few times earlier this winter in the same 
area, and has been again in the last several days. While quite unusual in 
calendar-winter it has been documented a number of times in the region in 
winter.  The much-more common species of thrush to winter in the region 
(besides American Robin) is Hermit Thrush, of which many were found throughout 
the winter locally, & also some in areas well north of N.Y. City.  (Multiple 
Hermit Thrushes wintered -as is typical- in Manhattan this winter.)

PINE WARBLERS have returned (even as a few of that species may never have left 
N.Y. City over this winter), and among the parts of N.Y. County where multiple 
observers saw one or more was Central Park, by Wed., March 11th - with at least 
one in the area of the Delacorte Theatre in Central (right by the Shakespeare 
Garden area) which is often a good location for this species as they start to 
show up in early migration northward; also 1 in a less-birded area for most, at 
the north edge of Wagner Park, just north of The Battery, along lower 
Manhattan’s west / Hudson river and harbor edge, also on Wed., 3/11. And 
additional Pine Warblers were on Randall’s Island in the areas of both the 
small woods n. of the footbridge to Manhattan, an ‘unexpected' site, and in the 
larger patch of woodsy wetlands southwest of the easternmost ballfields, which 
also held some other birds. Again, this is a species that overwintered in 
numbers not far to the south as well as in more-limited numbers at this approx. 
latitude & even some to the north/ n.-e.

Eastern PHOEBE arrival, with several of the species seen by Monday in 
Manhattan, including in Central Park (both in Ramble, & north end areas of that 
park) was not at all surprising, & more so was preceded by multiple sightings 
in the region - including a small number of overwintering birds, including a 
number wintering in N.Y. City. There were modest increases in the past two 
weeks, with some of these perhaps representing birds which wintered 
near-locally or not at all far to the south.  Many more can be expected to pass 
through (thru) this month & onward. As of Thursday, 3/12, a minimum of 14 E. 
Phoebes were present in Manhattan alone, & likely more have been in various 
locations in N.Y. County. Most if not all are arrivals of this week here, even 
with those (few) that overwintered successfully in N.Y. City, in other boroughs 
(counties) of the city.  There have been several E. Phoebes in Central Park, 
observed in multiple locations, this week since Monday.

A RED-HEADED WOODPECKER has continued in Central Park just west of the N.Meadow 
ballfield’s southwest side, east of the park’s W. Drive; the nearest park 
entrance at W. 97th Street at Central Park West. This bird is rapidly gaining 
its all-red hood, although still molting out of the more-drab first-winter 
plumage. This bird has been present all this winter and earlier as well. It 
could well linger for another 4 to 8 weeks there.  Listen for it calling at 
times and it also may be best seen on brighter, less-rainy days.

A BOAT-TAILED GRACKLE was still wandering, most often seen amongst a flock of 
roving & feeding Common Grackles (the latter are annual thru winter in 
Manhattan, especially in & around Central Park), the Boat-tailed having on 
occasion stayed with the Common Grackles moving in the south end of Central, & 
seen a few times in the vicinity of 'The Pond'.  However these birds, including 
the wintering Boat-tailed, may turn up almost anywhere in Central as they move 
around & can do so on a daily basis - check thru any flocks of grackles for the 
larger, ‘rare’ (for the county) Boat-tailed. 

A few RUSTY Blackbirds have made it into Manhattan, esp. as noted in Central 
Park by keen observers this week, including a birding-guide for the walks with 
the American Museum of Natural History, N.Y. earlier in the week; and ongoing 
sightings by many now.  These latter are likely fresh arrivals, with more 
probably to pass thru in coming weeks.

An Eastern BLUEBIRD made an appearance in Central Park on Tuesday; not too 
commonly found in Manhattan, but annual in migration in the county.  TREE 
SWALLOWS have moved thru, with sightings from the northern parts of Manhattan 
and at least one sighting from along the East River in uptown Manhattan; many 
of this swallow species were noted from multiple locations in the region and 
southeast N.Y. state in the past week; also at least a few seem to have 
overwintered coastally in N.Y. City which is not unprecedented for the species, 
in just ‘smallish' numbers.

OSPREY have arrived, moving thru N.Y. County by this past Sunday (and to the 
north as early as last Friday) & while ‘early’ in the season, this is no longer 
as uncommon as once would have been before ‘calendar' winter is all done.

A YELLOW-CROWNED Night-Heron has lingered all winter on Randall’s island east 
of Manhattan (and part of New York County), a very uncommon species for winter 
in the region.  Black-crowned Night-Herons have started appearing in various 
parts of N.Y. County, as fully expected for March, and some of the latter 
species may have fully-wintered locally.  The single Yellow-crowned Night-Heron 
at Randall’s Island has been well-documented with photos, videos, notes, etc., 
and by multiple observers.

American Woodcock were again on the move through the area, with more showing up 
in a variety of locations in the county, these in addition to ones that moved 
thru a lot earlier this winter. A good many had passed through over the past 
3-5+ weeks and some of these were seen in Manhattan locations, including in 
Central Park, where more have just been noted by multiple observers. And in 
other locations, as had been for much of the latter part of winter.

An earlier in this month report of a Black-and-white Warbler, at Inwood Hill 
Park, was of interest as rather early for the species; a few of this species 
attempted to winter in locations even to the north of N.Y. City (in multiple 
states & Canada), with some seemingly surviving into March. In addition, some 
sightings were also documented for states to the immediate south of New York, 
where winterers are fairly scant in most winters. This was a very mild winter, 
overall, for average temp’s. & for snow amounts, but there were some extremes, 
and frigid blasts of polar air at times.  At least 5 other American Warbler 
species have been reported this month (& week) in N.Y. state, those being: 
Common Yellowthroat, Palm, Pine, Orange-crowned, and Yellow-rumped. (Note that 
I use the term “American Warbler” to denote the warblers that reside in the 
Americas - North, Central, and South America - as distinguished from what are 
also called ‘warblers', of continents in much of the rest of the planet, and 
which are in multiple & different families. By some definitions, there are at 
least 108 (& up to possibly 119 or more) species of American Warblers, and the 
diversity of these is highest in, and may well have speciated / evolved 
particularly in Central America, where the diversity of warbler species is 
still at the highest, among all of the Americas. Far more warbler species are 
exclusively found in Central and South America and in parts of Mexico as well 
as on Caribbean islands, than the entirety of N. American-breeding migrant 
warblers, & the 1 species that might be considered as ‘nearly’ only a N. 
American resident and shorter-distance migrant: Pine Warbler. But there is at 
least one accepted record of Pine Warbler at Vista Nieve, Colombia, and there 
are a population of this species in Hispaniola, and they are seen in parts of 
the Bahama islands, as well as records for the species on other Caribbean 
islands. The family of these birds (of all of the Americas) is usually called 
Parulidae. Some refer to them as new world warblers, & there are also those who 
use the phrase wood-warbler, which may be confusing in that there is an ‘old 
world’ species known as Wood Warbler, which is unrelated to birds found in the 
Americas, and is in the large genus of ‘old world’ species, the Phylloscopus 
warblers - the Wood Warbler being Phylloscopus sibilatrix. We all ought to 
acknowledge that “our” (new world) warblers are very much Central, South, & 
Caribbean American birds, the regions of the Americas where almost all spend 
more than half of each year from late autumn (or much earlier) all through the 
northern winters.  Further, a majority of the ‘new world’ warblers are not 
migrants into N. America north of Mexico, and many are simply non-migratory, 
other than possible local and seasonal altitudinal movements.)

Birds seen in increased numbers in the past week, to today, include both 
Vulture species (Turkey Vulture in occasionally double-digit numbers now, & 
Black Vultures in from single to at least 4 at a time, in several locations and 
by many observers on multiple days in Manhattan; this is the start of the 
stronger vulture movements in this region now);  Red-winged Blackbird, Common 
Grackle, & to some extent, Brown-headed Cowbird are all indicative of early & 
expected icteridae (the family of all ’new world’ blackbirds) movements, with 
some icterids likelier a bit later - but, for ex., E. Meadowlarks are now 
moving thru the region, in addition to those that wintered in the region, which 
are mostly very local as is so of wintered-over E. Phoebes, a normally-rare 
species for midwinter in N.Y. (but welcome to a new-normal, coming to your 
local patch[es!])  Also increasing, some sparrow species such as Song (in 
particular, & [Red] Fox Sparrows, as well as Slate-colored Junco, and with just 
a few Field Sparrows also returning to several parks, including Central. The 
Chipping Sparrows that have been around Manhattan & the region appear to be 
same that overwintered in unprecedented numbers over the northeast, as many of 
these (singles, up to small flockettes) have continued in same areas of N.Y. 
County & elsewhere for months now, moving about just slightly.

The raptor migration nortbound has begun to pick up with that having started 
earlier, now entering a typical period of increase. Many waterfowl have also 
been moving, & some early-moving shorebirds such as Killdeer, Amer. Woodcock, & 
others. It’s not too early for a snipe-watch ‘hunt' locally, for example. (Also 
moving in the region, & in this state have been some expected rails, & Sandhill 
Cranes in multiple counties of N.Y. as well as other birds with a lot more 
expected in the coming weeks assuming fair & milder conditions.)

Among the species found lingering / continuing as well as some freshly-arrived 
late winter migrants advancing north (in-thru-or over) New York County (which 
includes Manhattan and 2 associated adjacent smaller islands) this week are:

Red-throated Loon
Common Loon
Pied-billed Grebe (wintered on the Central Park reservoir & seen regularly by 
keen obs.)
Horned Grebe (a few recent sightings from waters off Manhattan - & within N.Y. 
Red-necked Grebe (reported in-county, & lacking full details for a 
relatively-rare species)
Double-crested Cormorant (increased)
Great Blue Heron (relatively few)
Black-crowned Night-Heron (scant, so far)
Black Vulture (as noted - above)
Turkey Vulture (increased no’s.)
Snow Goose (continued recently, poss. moved on now)
Mute Swan (ongoing, Randall’s Island - in N.Y. County)
Canada Goose (common - n.b., there are ‘small' individuals around)
[Atlantic] Brant (lingering in multiple locations in N.Y. County waters)
Wood Duck (ongoing in Central Park)
Gadwall (fair numbers over all county waters)
American Black Duck (widespread if uncommon in the county)
Mallard (common and widespread)
Northern Shoveler (hundreds overwintered & continue in Central Park)
Green-winged Teal (at least 2 continued to this week in Central Park)
Greater Scaup (some lingering in N.Y. County waters)
Bufflehead (nice increases in March, ongoing in multiple waters of N.Y. County)
Common Goldeneye (scant, lingering in county waters)
Hooded Merganser (ongoing winterers in Central Park)
Red-breasted Merganser (lingering in N.Y. County waters)
Ruddy Duck (mainly in Central Park, also on occasion at few E. River locations)
Bald Eagle (mostly from Hudson river-side locations, esp. n. parts of Manhattan)
Sharp-shinned Hawk (scant, 1st-migrators north this week)
Cooper's Hawk (regulars all winter, recent increase in no’s.)
Red-tailed Hawk (common around the city)
American Kestrel (resident in Manhattan and around N.Y. City)
Merlin (very few sightings in past week, of migrants or visitors)
Peregrine Falcon (resident in Manhattan and around N.Y. City)
American Coot (lingering in N.Y. County waters, including in Central Park)
Killdeer (multiple, mostly not on Manhattan island but the adjacent islands of 
New York County, which are Randall’s & Governors Island[s])
Ring-billed Gull
[American] Herring Gull
Lesser-backed Gull (lingering, with occasional sightings, most from the Central 
Park reservoir over recent weeks - and into early this week)
Great Black-backed Gull
['feral'] Rock Pigeon
Mourning Dove
Monk Parakeet (ongoing, scant, n. Manhattan)
Eastern Screech-owl (resident on Manhattan)
Great Horned Owl (lingering - in N.Y. County)
Belted Kingfisher (scarce so far)
Red-bellied Woodpecker
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (multiple sightings, multiple locations/obs.)
Downy Woodpecker
Hairy Woodpecker
Yellow-shafted Flicker (multiple but still minimal no’s.)
Eastern Phoebe (scant so far, but in the multiple - in multiple locations)
Blue Jay
Common Raven (multiple sightings in the county, some photographed)
American Crow
Fish Crow (continuing around The Battery, etc. at Manhattan’s s. end)
Black-capped Chickadee (seemingly slight increase and in more areas)
Tufted Titmouse (regular if not too numerous)
White-breasted Nuthatch (regular)
Brown Creeper (multiple)
Carolina Wren (regular, multiple residents all this winter)
Winter Wren (lingering, overwintered in a few Manhattan locations including in 
Central Park)
Golden-crowned Kinglet (few, more likely still lingering or part-wintering 
scant individuals in multiple parks)
Ruby-crowned Kinglet (lingering; a few overwintered in N.Y. County, including 
in Central Park)
Eastern Bluebird (female-plumaged, Central Park - n. end, Tues. 3/10, thanks to 
Lynne Hertzog of NYCAS)
Hermit Thrush (multiple, small no’s.)
American Robin (slight increases in past week in N.Y. County)
Gray Catbird (multiple survivors among overwinterers, many locations)
Northern Mockingbird (regular)
Brown Thrasher (modest no. of survivors among overwinterers, more than a few 
locations including Central Park)
European Starling (exceedingly common & pestiferous esp. for some native 
nesting birds)
Cedar Waxwing (very scarce most of the winter; few amongst some Amer. Robins, 2 
locations/parks in Manhattan)
Eastern Towhee (multiple overwinterers, in multiple locations, including in 
Central Park)
American Tree Sparrow (photo-documented at start of the month, not common most 
years in Manhattan, this was in Central Park)
Chipping Sparrow (ongoing few overwintered individuals, multiple locations 
including in Central Park, multiple obs. & photographs)
[Red] Fox Sparrow (uncommon but widespread, overwinterers plus at least a few 
likely-new arrivals)
Song Sparrow (scores of recent arrivals in past week, up to 30+ per day seen in 
some areas now, some also singing on territories)
Swamp Sparrow (few, overwintered and just possibly local movements of a few, 
more evident in some select locations, including in Central Park)
White-throated Sparrow (common-widespread winterer every year in N.Y. County, 
many hundreds typically winter here, this past one no exception)
Slate-colored Junco (modest fresh arrival, with small no’s. also having at 
least partially-wintered in N.Y. County, including in Central Park)
Northern Cardinal (common)
Red-winged Blackbird (more arrivals; the first of arrivals around 1 month 
prior, now increasing as is expected, also a few overwintered in N.Y. County)
Rusty Blackbird (scant, few so far but the main arrival period to come, a 
couple in Central Park in past week; photographed & with multiple observers)
Common Grackle (many, on the move in numbers as have been Red-winged 
Blackbirds, etc.- as well as the hundreds that overwintered in Manhattan)
Brown-headed Cowbird (few so far in N.Y. County)
House Finch (fairly good numbers, county-wide)
American Goldfinch (still somewhat scant, with usual small no’s. having 
overwintered in several parks, esp. obvious at Central Park’s 'feeding 
House Sparrow (ubiquitous & pestiferous)

- and likely at least a few other species that have been about, or soon will be 
in the coming week or so.

Early-blooming flowers & buds have been showing with the much milder weather of 
recent, & the trend may continue even as nights turn cooler again, now that the 
unfurling of early spring has begun.  Also being seen have been more 
invertebrate life, including some bees, butterflies of several species (all 
expected in mild March conditions), plus other insects, and other forms of life.

- - - -
"Have we fallen into a mesmerized state that makes us accept as inevitable that 
which is inferior or detrimental, as though having lost the will or the vision 
to demand that which is good?”   - Rachel Carson (1907-1964; marine biologist, 
conservationist, author whose books include ‘Silent Spring’.  Sir David 
Attenborough has remarked that that book may have had an effect on science 
second only to Charles Darwin’s “On the Origin of Species”.)

Good birding - & keep it ethical,

Tom Fiore


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