mumpung belum cut-off-time hehehe.

The Marines: Real Story Behind May 1998 Riot

03 June 2004
Back in May 98, when Jakarta was literally burning, the Chief of Staff of the 
Indonesian Navy, Chief Admiral Arief Kushariadi, was on his way for some 
pre-scheduled trip using the Navy helicopter. As he was flying over Jakarta, he 
could not help noticing the movement of rioters on the ground and the fires 
they started. He was amazed that he could not see any sizeable force of 
security personnel to oppose the rampaging rioters. He assessed the situation 
that strategic places such as the presidential palace had not been completely 
secured by sizeable military units visible from the air.

Being in a separate chain of command (thus he had no control of any Army or 
Police units), and thinking that Jakarta was in danger, he immediately 
contacted the Commanding Officer of Marines 2nd Infantry Brigade based in 
Cilandak, Southern Jakarta. Adm. Kushariadi inquired of available forces that 
the 2nd Marines Brigade could move at that instant. To his surprise, the 
Brigade commander replied that he had none. All of his available forces had 
been BKO-ed to Jakarta Military Garrison (Komando Garnizun Jakarta) and they 
were already fielded when Adm. Kushariadi reached him over the radio. This even 
include all combat support (Banpur) personnel, artilery and cavalry. The 
marines had a battalion of cavalry (amphibious PT-76 tanks and BTR-50 
amphibious Armored Personnel Vehicle) in Cilandak. However, those armored cars 
remained in their base with nobody left to operate them.

Unbeknownst to the Admiral, the Marines based in Cilandak Jakarta had been 
involved in a plot engineered by Commander of the Army Strategic Reserves 
(Kostrad), Lieut. Gen. Prabowo and his clicks. Prabowo had realized that the 
Marines was the only military unit that was able to contest his Army Special 
Forces (Kopassus) in combat. He happens to be a good friend of Maj. Gen. 
Suharto, the Marines Corps Commanding General at the time, when they shared 
quarters during their days at the Integrated Staf and Command College 
(Seskogab) in Bandung a few years before. When Prabowo was in charge of the 
Kopassus, he tried to bring the two corps closer together. Having almost 
unlimited source of funding (thanks to the support he enjoyed from Cendana), 
Prabowo not only beefed up his Kopassus but he also sent some contributions to 
the Marines, commanded then by this old roommate of his. After living as a step 
son for more than three decades, the Marines received Prabowo contribution with 
a warm feeling. However, Suharto was aware of some moves from Prabowo that 
might follow the contributions.

It did come in 1997, when Prabowo proposed "to better integrate" Kopassus and 
the Marines. How? By interchanging personnel between the two corps. He wanted 
to have some Kopassus men in every Marines unit and to be part of the unit 
during the operation. Suharto flatly refused this proposal. Politely, he 
explained to Prabowo that the Marines has a different doctrine from its 
counterparts in Kopassus. The Indonesian Marines (owing to much similarities to 
the USMC) follow the doctrine as a professional combat unit. They never did nor 
wish to ever raise their weapons against their own countrymen. The marines 
subscribes to a frontal type combat style where the objective is as clearly 
defined as the identity of the enemy. When the Marines are landing on the 
beach, they must assume that the beach was part of Indonesian soil invaded by 
some foreign enemies. So "mendarat dan menang" just simply does not apply to 
the Indonesian Army doctrines.

Knowing that he could not influence the neutrality and professionalism of the 
Marines, Prabowo decided that he should at least tied up all available Marines 
units in Jakarta area when his troops were to secure power from then defunct 
government of President Soeharto. He was able to do this because Maj. Gen. 
Sjafrie Samsoeddin, the Commanding General of Jakarta Military Area Command 
(Kodam Jaya),, ex officio the Jakarta Garrison Commander, was his old friend 
from the Military Academy days and part of his click. Samsoeddin cleverly 
ordered the Marines to stand guard at some less important locations far away 
from the area being destroyed by rampaging rioters.

Now, back to Adm. Kushariadi. Realizing that there was no effective military 
unit to protect Jakarta, the prudent Admiral immediately raised the Commanding 
Officer of the Marines 1st Infantry Brigade based in Karang Pilang, Surabaya, 
East Java. Kushariadi ordered Surabaya to get ready one full infantry battalion 
equipped for combat deployment (they did not have extensive anti-riot (PHH) 
equipments). He also ordered Surabaya to get ready all available tank and 
armored car (panser) crews. Using all available planes belonging to the Navy 
fleet air arm (including the Nomad & CASA 212), the Admiral instructed the 
Marines battalion and its combat equipment to be flown in to Jakarta at all 
possible speed. As you may have suspected, the Navy did not possess planes with 
heavy load capacity, it took the small navy planes several sorties between 
Jakarta-Surabaya to finally air lifted the entire Marine battalion to Halim 
Perdanakusuma Air Force Base in Jakarta.

As soon as the Surabaya Marines battalion landed in Jakarta, Adm. Kushariadi 
ordered the infantrymen to secure strategic locations including the 
Presidential Palace area. The cavalry crew from Surabaya immediately started 
and manned all available tanks and armored cars still sitting in their hangars 
in Cilandak. These tanks were then rolling into Jakarta street to join the 
Marines infantrymen already in locations.

Adm. Kushariadi thought he had saved the city from total mayhem. Well, he did, 
but unbeknownst to him, his action also foiled two opposing groups that were 
just getting ready to launch a coup: Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces, 
Gen. Wiranto's group facing Prabowo's group. Both Wiranto and Prabowo were 
cooking their own coup scenario. The situation in Jakarta was intentionally 
brewed to allow the deployment of combat troops in Jakarta using the riots as 
an excuse. While Wiranto and Prabowo were cooking up strategy to beat their 
opponents, they forgot to take into account the x-factor such as Adm. 
Kushariadi, who was totally outside the plot and unaware of the coup plans from 
either side.

So, now Jakarta is in chaos, the army troops from both factions are ready. But 
the arrival of a marine battalion from Surabaya, now supported with tanks, 
(note that the Marines tanks are better armored and more heavily armed than 
those wheeled cavalry units fielded by Kodam Jaya) had rendered both Wiranto 
and Prabowo's plan unexecutable without serious consequences. If either Wiranto 
or Prabowo kept pressing forward with their coup plan, then they will not only 
face the other army faction but also a battalion of Marines from Surabaya. 
Also, as soon as the three Marines infantry battalions from Cilandak, which 
were BKO-ed to Kodam Jaya, realized that their brothers from Surabaya were here 
and there is a coup attempt in progress, then the full Infantry Brigades would 
retract themselves from under the control of Kodam Jaya and rejoined their 
original unit. Even under BKO, all Marines field commanders would certainly put 
the order coming from their Chief of Staff (Adm. Kushariadi) and their own 
Brigade Commanding Officer much higher than orders coming from Kodam Commander, 
Maj. Gen. Sjafrie Samsoeddin. Therefore, whoever wanted to press forward with 
their coup plan, they will have to face the entire Marines 2nd Infantry Brigade 
with an additional extra battalion from Surabaya. That is more than 4000 
professional and very well trained combat troops, complete with their artilery 
and cavalry which have no match among the Army units in Jakarta. No to count 
the long range guns of the Navy battle ships at the Tanjung Priok, Jakarta 
harbor, which at that time were told to have been pin-pointed toward the 
directions of Merdeka Timur, Cilangkap, Cijantung, and Cilodong.

Some inside sources indicate that Wiranto replaced Adm. Kushariadi a few months 
after the May Incidents because of what the Admiral did to save Jakarta. 
Regardless of the outcome and consequences of his actions, Adm. Kushariadi, the 
Marines, and the Indonesian Navy as a whole, had again made their selfless 
contribution to the survival of the Republic. But as usual, the Navy remained 
unnamed in the history pages of Indonesia. However, the people of Indonesia had 
witnessed how their Marines display a true sense of military professionalism in 
the handling on various public unrest which culminated in the Semanggi Incident 
in November 1998. If only the people of Indonesia could find out the truth 
about May 1998 and the unparalleled role played by their Marines and Navy in 
the recent struggle of their country.

--- In, "jsx_consultant" <jsx-consult...@...> 
> NO MORE word Tolol or Kampanye after this Midnight
> Kata tolol dan kampanye sudah merajalela dimilis OB.
> Embah kasih peringatatan dengan batas waktu jam 24:00 untuk
> menghentikan debat yg sudah engga elegan lagi ini.
> Sesudah jam 24:00 sudah TIDAK ADA lagi kata tolol dan
> kampanye dimilis OB.
> Yg melanggar, statusnya akan dirubah menjadi MODERATED dan
> yg KETERLALUAN akan digrounded TANPA PERINGATAN...
> ...
> Moderator.

Kirim email ke