So in following the spirit of OIIO's core mission to allow a single generic
API to shield users from the gory details of each individual format (as
much as possible), I feel strongly that --quality should not magically
change directions and scales for one format. If --quality 100 is "looks
perfect" and lower numbers mean "smaller files, bigger artifacts" for every
other format, it shouldn't be that for exr, 45 is perfect and larger
numbers mean smaller files. Also, it leads to confusing errors if you set
the "CompressionQuality" in an image metadata and then try to output it to
multiple files of different file formats.

That's why quality is basically ignored for dwaa and instead you can set
the "openexr:dwaCompressionQuality" attribute -- it's possible to set it,
and the name communicates clearly that you are making a peculiar
format-specific adjustment (that will be ignored by other format writers,
if the same output is sent to a different file).

OK, but I do see that this is awkward and verbose. So I'll propose two
alternatives, and am happy to go with whichever people want:

1. As Kevin points out, we can use something akin to Karl's mapping (I'll
find a cubic curve that maps these smoothly?) of quality's 0-100 scale into
settings for DWA compression quality. I don't know if that will give you a
"smooth" response either visually or in terms of file size. If somebody
wants to do a little research and try to map out a more perceptually or
size-wise linear response, please volunteer.

2. Another approach is to skip --quality, and just allow the compression
setting to be built into the compression name!  How does this look:
--compression dwaa:45 or --compression dwaa:200. The idea is that anything
starting with "dwaa" would turn on dwaa compression, and any optional
trailing numbers would set the dwaaCompressionQuality.


On Wed, Sep 21, 2016 at 8:15 AM, Deke Kincaid <> wrote:

> If the constraint of —quality is that it is always 0-100, then that is
> going to be hard to map and would lead to confusion(i.e. All other
> applications would use a different slider then oiio).  Is it possible to
> make the quality slider more contextual to the compression rather then
> normalizing it to always be 0-100?
> On Tue, Sep 20, 2016 at 11:49 PM, Larry Gritz <> wrote:
>> maketx doesn't have a --quality command at all, primarily because we'd
>> traditionally been using either lossless TIFF or OpenEXR for textures, and
>> for neither of those did quality come into play.
>> But recently we added support for TIFF-with-jpeg, and OpenEXR with DWAA
>> compression has since come along and looks useful, so if you think that a
>> --quality flag for maketx is helpful, we can add it.
>> The real problem is that quality is assumed to be 0-100, with 100 meaning
>> lossless. It works well for JPEG, which is the prototypical example. But I
>> wasn't sure how to make it map to the dwa compression level without being
>> confusing (dwa compression is an open ended scale, and higher numbers mean
>> more compression).
>> I'm perfectly happy to entertain requests to change it, if there's
>> consensus. For example, if somebody wants to propose an intuitive and
>> helpful mapping of the 0-100 scale of Quality into the appropriate
>> dwaCompressionLevel, I think that might be useful.
>> As you've seen, you can set the compression levels for dwaa and dwab by
>> setting the "openexr:dwaCompressionLevel" attribute. It's not hooked up to
>> the "--quality" only because, ad just mentioned, it wasn't obvious how that
>> mapping should work.
>> > On Sep 20, 2016, at 3:11 PM, Deke Kincaid <>
>> wrote:
>> >
>> > Hi Larry
>> >
>> > We are trying to compress EXR files in OIIO with dwaa/dwab compression
>> but currently this does not seem to directly hooked up to the --quality
>> flag in oiiotool.  No matter if you use --quality 10 or 100, the attr
>> dwaCompressionLevel key never gets set and the file is exactly the same
>> size.
>> >
>> > We found that we need to directly set the attr via:
>> > oiiotool blah.exr --ch R,G,B --croptofull --compression dwaa --attrib
>> dwaCompressionLevel 100.0 -o blah_dwa.exr
>> >
>> > Any chance we could get this attr hooked up to the quality slider?
>> Also it appears that maketx does not have a --quality flag either (I
>> haven't checked iconvert).
>> >
>> > -deke
>> >
>> >
>> > _______________________________________________
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>> >
>> >
>> --
>> Larry Gritz
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