** Summary changed:

- [SRU] backport ca-certificates-java from cosmic (20180413ubuntu1)
+ [SRU] backport ca-certificates-java from cosmic (20180516ubuntu1)

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https://bugs.launchpad.net/bugs/1770553

Title:
  [SRU] backport ca-certificates-java from cosmic (20180516ubuntu1)

Status in ca-certificates-java package in Ubuntu:
  Confirmed

Bug description:
  [Impact]
  Any user doing a new install - or upgrading, if openjdk was not installed - 
can be affected as soon as they install any openjdk-11 package.

  [Cause]
  The ca-certificate-java version 20170930 (or earlier) used the default 
keystore to create /etc/ssl/certs/java/cacerts - if the file already existed 
its contents were just updated.

  From openjdk-9 upwards the default keystore type changed from 'jks' to
  'pkcs12' [1] by means of JEP 229 [2]. A JKS keystore can be read
  without supplying a password (or by supplying an empty one) while a
  PKCS12 keystore requires a password to be set.

  Thus a /etc/ssl/certs/java/cacerts created in the pkcs12 format will
  fail to be loaded as, by default, the truststore password is empty -
  in order to avoid that the user must set
  -Djavax.net.ssl.trustStorePassword=<passwd> or define it in /etc/java-
  XX-openjdk/management/management.properties. A JKS keystore will work
  normally, as the certificates in it can be ready when the truststore
  password is empty.

  [Test Case with cacerts 20170930ubuntu1 or earlier]
  Start on a new bionic install/chroot without openjdk

  1. Install openjdk-11
  $ sudo apt-get install openjdk-11-jdk

  2. Test the keystore with an empty password (optional) and make sure it is a 
PKCS12
  $ keytool -list -cacerts
  Enter keystore password:  

  *****************  WARNING WARNING WARNING  *****************
  * The integrity of the information stored in your keystore  *
  * has NOT been verified!  In order to verify its integrity, *
  * you must provide your keystore password.                  *
  *****************  WARNING WARNING WARNING  *****************

  Keystore type: PKCS12
  Keystore provider: SUN

  Your keystore contains 0 entries

  3. Test with the "changeit" password
  keytool -list -cacerts
  Enter keystore password: changeit 
  Keystore type: PKCS12
  Keystore provider: SUN

  Your keystore contains 133 entries

  <snipped various certs>

  4. Create the java test file
  $ cat <<EOF >HttpsTester.java 
  import java.net.URL;
  import javax.net.ssl.HttpsURLConnection;
  public class HttpsTester {
  public static void main(String[] args) throws java.io.IOException {
  HttpsURLConnection connection = (HttpsURLConnection) new 
URL("https://www.ubuntu.com";).openConnection();
  System.out.println("Response code: " + connection.getResponseCode());
  System.out.println("It worked!");
  }
  }

  5. Compile it
  $ javac HttpsTester.java

  6. Call it
  $ /usr/lib/jvm/java-11-openjdk-amd64/bin/java HttpsTester

  7. Call it again, this time set the store password
  $ /usr/lib/jvm/java-11-openjdk-amd64/bin/java \
    -Djavax.net.ssl.trustStorePassword=changeit HttpsTester
  Response code: 200
  It worked!

  [Test Case with cacerts 20180413 or later]
  Start on a new bionic install/chroot without openjdk

  1. Install openjdk-11
  $ sudo apt-get install openjdk-11-jdk

  2. Test the keystore with an empty password (optional) and make sure it is a 
JKS
  keytool -list -cacerts
  Enter keystore password:  

  *****************  WARNING WARNING WARNING  *****************
  * The integrity of the information stored in your keystore  *
  * has NOT been verified!  In order to verify its integrity, *
  * you must provide your keystore password.                  *
  *****************  WARNING WARNING WARNING  *****************

  Keystore type: JKS
  Keystore provider: SUN

  Your keystore contains 133 entries

  <snipped various certs>

  3. Test with the "changeit" password
  keytool -list -cacerts
  Enter keystore password: changeit 
  Keystore type: JKS
  Keystore provider: SUN

  Your keystore contains 133 entries

  <snipped various certs>

  4. Create the java test file
  $ cat <<EOF >HttpsTester.java 
  import java.net.URL;
  import javax.net.ssl.HttpsURLConnection;
  public class HttpsTester {
  public static void main(String[] args) throws java.io.IOException {
  HttpsURLConnection connection = (HttpsURLConnection) new 
URL("https://www.ubuntu.com";).openConnection();
  System.out.println("Response code: " + connection.getResponseCode());
  System.out.println("It worked!");
  }
  }

  5. Compile it
  $ javac HttpsTester.java

  6. Call it
  $ /usr/lib/jvm/java-11-openjdk-amd64/bin/java HttpsTester
  Response code: 200
  It worked!

  7. Call it again, this time set the store password
  $ /usr/lib/jvm/java-11-openjdk-amd64/bin/java \
    -Djavax.net.ssl.trustStorePassword=changeit HttpsTester
  Response code: 200
  It worked!

  
  [Regression Potential] 

   * discussion of how regressions are most likely to manifest as a
  result of this change.

   * It is assumed that any SRU candidate patch is well-tested before
     upload and has a low overall risk of regression, but it's important
     to make the effort to think about what ''could'' happen in the
     event of a regression.

   * This both shows the SRU team that the risks have been considered,
     and provides guidance to testers in regression-testing the SRU.

  [Other Info]
   
   * Anything else you think is useful to include
   * Anticipate questions from users, SRU, +1 maintenance, security teams and 
the Technical Board
   * and address these questions in advance

  [References]
  [1] The default keystore is defined by the keystore.type in the
  /etc/java-XX-openjdk/security/java.security file.
  
http://hg.openjdk.java.net/jdk-updates/jdk9u/jdk/annotate/46bd35a597eb/src/java.base/share/conf/security/java.security#l186

  [2] JEP 229: Create PKCS12 Keystores by Default
  http://openjdk.java.net/jeps/229

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