Pambazuka News 791: Africa's bloodbaths: Naming killers and their allies

22 September 2016

CONTENTS: 1. Features <>
, 2.  <>Advocacy &
Campaigns, <>  3.

Uganda: A brilliant genocide
Garrison <>The new film, “A
Brilliant Genocide”, tells the story of the largely unacknowledged Acholi
Genocide that President Yoweri Museveni committed against the Acholi people
for 20 years from 1986 to 2006. Museveni’s troops drove nearly two million
Acholis, 90% of the population, into concentration camps. In all that time,
the Ugandan military machine continued to be financed by the US.

 Canada’s hand in the bloodbaths of Africa
Engler <>

Last month Canadian Defence Minister Harjit Sajjan undertook a weeklong
five-nation tour ostensibly to "strengthen relationships with African
partners." A notable figure on that trip was General Romeo Dallaire, a
close ally of the “Butcher of the Great Lakes”, Rwanda's Paul Kagame. Loud
expressions of Canada’s benevolence to Africa hide Ottawa’s chequered
history of self-serving policies - often with bloody consequences -
presented as altruism.
 Politics of death: France in CAR and Mali
Nelson <>The so-called war on
terror has provided a new justification for French military intervention in
Africa. That explains the opposite outcomes of Paris's recent interventions
in the Central African Republic and Mali. The exaggerated counter-terrorism
narrative is a boon to French politicians. With presidential elections in
May 2017 fast approaching, France is likely to increase its military
meddling in Africa.

 Speaking truth to power: The killing of Dag Hammarskjöld and the cover-up
Melber and Susan Williams
decades, the former colonial powers have written the history of the night
in which the second UN Secretary-General and his companions died in a plane
crash in Zambia. But a new history is about to be written if the recent
momentum to find the full truth is anything to go by.

 Militarising game parks and marketing wildlife are unsustainable strategies
Lunstrum and Patrick Bond
<>In the
pursuit of conservation, Southern Africa is witnessing platoons of soldiers
and paramilitary-trained rangers. New technologies including drones and
military-grade helicopters along with partnerships with military firms are
all entering the region’s parklands, ostensibly to save them. Though many
poachers are armed and dangerous, green militarisation is short-sighted and
has long-term implications.

 The nuclear killer lurking in our midst
Boyce <>South Africa’s nuclear
programme will be a disaster. Besides the fallouts being witnessed in the
jostling for gains by greedy politicians, the project is likely to gobble
up huge amounts of public funds that will be difficult to account for as
the government will cite national security concerns of nuclear power,
thereby curtailing citizens’ right to accountability.

 Somaliland’s sovereignty: Why Woodward is wrong
M.I. Egal <>With all due respect
to Professor Woodward, one must conclude that he contributes little to a
learned examination of the “secessions” of Eritrea and South Sudan, while
his admonitions for caution on Somaliland’s quest for international
recognition of its sovereignty are based upon little or no knowledge of the
country’s history, the merits of its case or its achievements during the
last quarter century.   Haiti is more African than many countries in Africa
Ekwe-Ekwe <>In May, Nigeria
played a key role to block African Union membership for Haiti. What a
shame! The first African republic established by slaves in 1804, Haiti is
95 per cent Black. With its illustrious history, Haiti will surely play a
more prominent role in a future African world organisation of peoples and
states – not the currently constricted and contrived AU.

 Towards Phase II of the 8th Pan African Congress
background briefing document*Ikaweba Bunting
<>The International Preparatory
Committee considered the historical precedent set by various PACs and in
particular the 2nd PAC that was held in phases. Subsequently the meeting
unanimously agreed to follow the historical precedent of the 2ndPAC of 1921
that took place in phases in different cities including London, Brussels
and Paris and organize the 8thPan African Congress in a two-phase process.
Phase I was the meeting convened in Ghana, March 2015. Phase II, earlier
set for not later than May 2016, will now be convened in June/August 2017.

 Non-Aligned Movement holds 17th Summit as global crisis of capitalism
colonial states declare their opposition to unilateralism and
Azikiwe <>A myriad of issues was
addressed at the NAM Summit including climate change, sustainable economic
development, the reform of the UN Security Council, human rights,
unilateral sanctions, peacekeeping missions, religious tolerance,
international solidarity, South-South cooperation, the role of youth,
gender equality and the need for new world communications and information
 Declaration of the 17th Summit of Heads of State and Government of the
Non- Aligned Movement
of Margarita, Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela 13 - 18 September
Movement <>Founded in
1961 during the Cold War as a bloc bringing together nations that neither
supported nor opposed the big powers, the Non-Aligned Movement has some 120
member-states mostly in the Global South but only a handful sent
representatives to the latest Summit. The low turn out and absence of NAM’s
voice in international affairs have led to calls for the re-evaluation of
the movement’s relevance in today’s world.

 Haul all land grabbers, polluters and resource thieves to The Hague
Duodu <>The ICC has taken a new
step that could redeem its damaged image and endear it to progressive
people in Africa and all the developing world. The court has announced that
henceforth it will be investigating with a view to prosecuting crimes that
result in the destruction of the environment, the illegal exploitation of
natural resources and  illegal dispossession of land. Why societies must
protect children if they want fewer criminals
Gould <>The men I interviewed
had been jailed for multiple violent offences. They came from a range of
socio-economic backgrounds and different areas in the country. In all cases
their criminal behaviour was clearly linked to multiple adversity from
early in their lives.


*Advocacy and Campaigns*
Pardoning Marcus Garvey: Sign Petition
M.C <>Marcus Garvey should be
posthumously pardoned for his wrongful conviction for use of the mails in
furtherance of a scheme to defraud. During a time when Blacks were seen as
second class citizens, Garvey led a mass movement to elevate the Black
community through economic empowerment and independence. He was convicted
after being targeted by J. Edgar Hoover and deprived of a fair trial. Go to:



 Pambazuka Special Issue: Call for Articles
*The **Labour Movement in Africa - Prospects and Challenges*The Editors

Pambazuka News is preparing a Special Issue on the labour movement and the
struggles for Africa's liberation today. The Editors invite articles that
examine the movement’s mission beyond agitation for worker rights towards
the bigger project of concrete self-determination of the African people.




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Henry Makori and Tidiane Kasse - Editors, Pambazuka News

Yves Niyiragira - Executive Director, Fahamu

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