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             The Internet Anti-Fascist: Tuesday, 30 January 2001
                           Vol. 5, Number 6 (#508)

News On the International Brigades from the Spanish Civil War
    Asociación de Amigos de las Brigadas Internacionales, "Madrid:
       International Brigade Exhibit," 25 Jan to 25 Feb 01
    Peter Carroll, "ALBA Collection Moving to NYU’s Tamiment Library," 22
       Jan 01
Net Politics In the News:
    UPI (via PolicyTech), "Foreign 'Net sites can be closed," 10 Jan 01
    Michael S. Overing (Online Journalism Review), "End of Anonymity Without
       Liability?," 11 Jan 01
Web Sites of Interest:
Real Political Correctness:
    AA News, "Bush Huddles With Catholic Leader, Plans Strategy to Push
      'Faith-Based' Partnership Plan in Congress: Fleischer Says Church
      Involvement 'Next Step In Welfare Reform'," 25 Jan 01
What's Worth Checking: 10 stories



Madrid: International Brigade Exhibit
Asociación de Amigos de las Brigadas Internacionales

In Alcalá de Henares (Madrid), from January 25 to February 25, 2001, within
the framework of a week "dedicated to Azaña" which the city is holding,
there will be an exhibition called "Volunteers for Liberty, the
International Brigades", and is the work of AABI "The Association of the
International Brigades" based in Madrid. The history of the International
Brigades is illustrated through the use of display pannels with text and
photographs.  Aspects such as: The international situation before the war
in Spain, the military uprising, the arrival of the first contingents,
background of the volunteers, brigade organization, participation in key
battles. Non military aspects are also covered such as, sanitary services
and culture, the International Brigades after the war, their importance and
their reflection in the arts. In addition, the exhibits includes period
artifacts, weapons and uniforms. An exhibit catalogue will be on sale to
the public.

Furthermore, on February 8, there will be also a round table discussion on
"The International Brigades yesterday and today" in Alcalá de Henares in
the same celebration dedicated to Azaña. The participans are : Hans
Landauer (Brigadista and chairman of the Association of Austrian
Brigadistas), Guido Nonveiller ( Yugoslav brigadista), George Pichler
(Professor at the University of Alcalá de Henares), Luis Suarez
(Liutenant Mayor of Alcalá de Henares from the United Left) and Gustavo
Zaragoza (University student and AABI member)

- - - - -

ALBA Collection Moving to NYU's Tamiment Library
Peter Carroll
22 Jan 01

In the most important decision in its 22-year history, ALBA’s Board of
Governors voted in September to transfer its entire Spanish Civil War
archive holdings to New York University’s Tamiment Library near Washington

The move assures that the ever-growing archive will be processed by
professional librarians and made available to more researchers and readers
than ever before. In addition, the relocation will permit closer
cooperation between ALBA and NYU’s King Juan Carlos I Center, which
promotes public programs relating to Spain and the United States. NYU’s
purchase of the collection also ensures the creation of a permanent
endowment fund to sustain ALBA’s diverse activities long into the future.

The ALBA collection, which will maintain its distinct name within the
library’s holdings, consists of over 300 linear feet of original research
material, such as letters, diaries, journals, and official records as well
as the office materials of the Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade.

Besides such paper documents, the collection encompasses about 5,000
photographs, over 100 Spanish Civil War posters, and miscellaneous
historical objects and memorabilia. ALBA’s unique microfilm holdings of the
Moscow Archives will accompany the archives to its new location. The move
also includes duplicate copies of books and pamphlets, which will join the
extensive holdings of the NYU libraries.

The decision to transfer the archive from Brandeis University in Waltham,
Massachusetts reflected the extensive growth of the collection in recent
years, which required considerable processing, indexing, and storage.
Facing space and budgetary constraints, Brandeis librarians recommended in
1998 that ALBA seek a larger depository. That proposal launched more than
two years of negotiations between ALBA’s executive committee and various
libraries interested in acquiring the collection.

Among the other institutions that seriously contested for the acquisition
were Stanford University in Palo Alto, California and the University of
California at San Diego. Although both university libraries presented good
offers for handling the archival material, the Board of Governors believed
that the New York location would provide the most support both for users of
the collection and for ALBA’s other projects.

NYU’s King Juan Carlos I Center, located just a block from the Tamiment
Library on Washington Square South, already co-sponsors the annual ALBA-
Bill Susman Lecture and will continue to do so in the future. The agreement
also provides for support of ALBA’s hosting of the annual veterans’ reunion
in New York City as well as other kinds of cooperative activities relating
to the Lincoln Brigade and the Spanish Civil War.

According to the terms of ALBA’s agreements, the physical removal of the
collection will occur by the end of 2000. During the next year, NYU will
inventory the collection and begin to make it available to researchers.
Brandeis University will retain duplicate copies of portions of the
collection, including part of the Moscow Archives microfilm, its own
holdings of Spanish Civil War posters (donated to Brandeis prior to the
creation of ALBA), and its library of books and other publications.

ALBA’s discussions of the transfer provoked intense participation among the
Board of Governors. Issues involved not only geographical location and the
quality of library services, but also the implications for the future of
ALBA as an outreach organization. Whatever one’s preferences, the Board
recognized that the final decision would shape ALBA’s role for many years.
Of the 26 Board members who voiced their choice, 22 supported NYU’s



Foreign 'Net sites can be closed
UPI (via PolicyTech)
10 Jan 01

ROME -- A landmark case of defamation over the Internet led to an Italian
court Wednesday to rule that foreign-based Internet sites that contravene
Italian law can be shut down, the ANSA news agency reported.

It was not immediately clear, however, how such an order could be
implemented or enforced.

The ruling came in an appeal in the Court of Cassation by a Jewish man --
identified only as Moshe D. -- who said he had been defamed by a number of
Web sites that claimed he had kidnapped his two daughters, was holding them
in the city of Genoa and was raising them in defiance of Jewish law. ...

Both the preliminary hearings judge and a higher tribunal had said the case
went beyond their jurisdiction since the allegedly defamatory material
originated outside Italy. However, the Court of Cassation Wednesday ruled
Italy has jurisdiction since end-users connect to the sites from Italian

- - - - -

End of Anonymity Without Liability?
Michael S. Overing (Online Journalism Review)
11 Jan 01

Anonymity on the Internet is one of the premiere enticements by many users.
The fact that a person can pose as someone else, or create a pseudonym,
screen-name, or make up an entirely new identity appeals to many.
Currently, there is no official tally on the number of "anonymous" surfers.
But, sites like anonymizer.com reinforce the conclusion that a market
exists for those who want to remain anonymous.  A recent decision of the
U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit has to provide anyone who is
concerned about anonymous surfing some pause. According to that appellate
court, entering a Web site under false pretenses can be a violation of the
Wiretap Act and the Stored Communications Act, and potentially expose the
entering business or individual to civil damages.

On January 8, 2001, the Ninth Circuit ruled in Konop v. Hawaiian Airlines,
Inc [2001 Daily Journal Daily Appellate Report 311] that accessing a Web
site under false pretenses could be considered illegal interception of
information. This potentially subjects the impersonator to liability under
both the Wiretap Act [18 U.S.C. §§ 2510-2520] and the Stored Communications
Act [18 U.S.C. §§2701-2710].

Reversing a judgment entered by district court for the Central District of
California on these counts, the Ninth Circuit entered the fray on what
could mean the end of anonymity without liability.

Privacy rights activists have focused our attention on data collection, and
the use of that data by the unscrupulous marketers who will spam us with
their wares. As early as 1996, writers and commentators were recognizing
the privacy connection to the right to anonymity [See, e.g., Perritt, Law
and Information Superhighway §3.33 and citations collected thereat].
Reasonable concerns of privacy and data collection aside, anonymity without
liability may soon be coming to an end.

Businesses routinely police the Internet for defamatory remarks about their
products. The popularity of sites which contain the business' name and
followed by "sucks.com" are routinely registered by those who want to
comment about the business, and those businesses which want to prevent such
commentary. But, what happens when a business enters a site under an
assumed name, to avoid detection? Is this wrong? Maybe.

Mr. Konop was a pilot for Hawaiian airlines. He created and maintained a
Web site in which he posted bulletins that were critical of his employer,
its officers, and union. According to the court, much of the criticism
hosted on the site focused on his opposition to concessions, which Hawaiian
sought from the union.

Critical to the Court's analysis was that access to the Web site was
controlled by a login procedure utilizing a user name and password. The
site had been created to allow other Hawaiian Airlines employees to
register under their names, enter a password, and then gain access by
agreeing not to reveal the site's content. Hawaiian Airlines management and
union representatives were not allowed access.

Hawaiian's management learned of the existence of the site. Its vice-
president logged on by borrowing two other non-management employees' names.
With their permission, he agreed to the terms and conditions for using the
Web site [i.e., nondisclosure of the site's content]. Hawaiian's president
was informed and became upset that he appeared to be accused of fraud and
other bad acts in bulletins posted by Konop.

Thereafter, Konop was contacted by the union and was counseled about the
site's content, the disparaging remarks about the president, and the fact
that the president of Hawaiian was considering filing a defamation suit
against Konop. In response, Konop initially took the site down. He later
put it back up, and after learning how Hawaiian had obtained access to the
information on the site, he filed the lawsuit.

Konop learned how the vice-president had logged on under the identities of
other employees. He then filed suit against the Hawaiian Airlines, alleging
among other things that it had engaged in illegal wiretapping. In the U.S.
District Court for the Central District of California, Judge J. Spencer
Letts ruled in favor of Hawaiian Airlines on these claims.

According to the appellate Court, protection against eavesdropping on
modern electronic communications was added to the Wiretap Act and enacted
in the Stored Communications Act by the Electronic Communications Privacy
Act of 1986 [P.L. No. 99-508]. Under Title I, the act prohibits
unauthorized "interception" of "electronic communications;" Title II
prohibits unauthorized "access" to "a facility through which an electronic
communication service is provided." Accordingly, the Court felt that
Hawaiian's entry into Konop's site fell within these prohibited acts.

Although the Court went on to note that there are exceptions to the
prohibitions, these did not apply. For example, electronic communication
that is readily accessible by the public is not prohibited from
interception. Nor is there a prohibition on intercepting electronic
communications if the party sending the communication has given permission.

Here, however, the fact that the Web site was secure, requiring the
employee to log-in and enter a password, took it out of these general
exceptions. The employees who had permission to log-on hadn't actually done
so, Hawaiian's vice-president had. And, he did not have permission to do
so. In short, impersonation of a party who has the right to access the
site, does not convey permission to the impersonator to enter the site, and
can be subject to liability under these acts.

Most of the surfing population is not attempting to view secure Web sites
under assumed names. Most of the surfing population is not attempting to
learn what people are saying about us. However, the lesson to be learned
for all of us is that there can be legal consequences and potential legal
liability in the event we enter a site under an assumed identity, with or
without permission.



Anarcho-Syndicalism 101
"Workers Solidarity / Direct Action / Self-Management

[People may especially want to examine Gaston Leval's "Collectives In the
Spanish Revolution" and Murry Bookchin's "An Overview of the Spanish
Libertarian Movement -- tallpaul]


It's from the rightwing authoritarians and always has been

Bush Huddles With Catholic Leader, Plans Strategy to Push 'Faith-Based'
    Partnership Plan in Congress: Fleischer Says Church Involvement 'Next
    Step In Welfare Reform'
AA News
25 Jan 01

President George W.  Bush and his wife will be dining this evening at the
home of Roman Catholic Cardinal Theodore E.  McCarrick, where the two are
expected to discuss plans for allowing religious groups to obtain public
funding in order to operate a wide range of social services.  Also
scheduled to attend the gathering at McCarrick's Chancery in Hyattsville,
MD will be Cardinal Hickey; Archbishop Montalvo, the Papal Nuncio; Bishop
Fiorenza, president of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops; and Bishop
Lori of Bridgeport, CT.

Next week, Bush intends to unveil his proposal for a Federal Office of
Faith-Based Partnership, fulfilling a campaign promise made in July, 1999.
Bush was running hard for the GOP Presidential nomination, and reached out
to parishioners at an Indianapolis church, declaring that he would use $8
billion in grants, tax credits and other public funds to energize religious
social programs to help the poor.  Then-Vice President Al Gore had endorsed
a similar initiative in May of that year when he lambasted those who "have
said for too long that religious values should play no role in addressing
public need."

Bush's plan to expand the role of religious group in administering
publicly-funded programs is an extension of the "Charitable Choice"
provision incorporated into the 1996 welfare reform act.  The architect of
that proposal, former Missouri Sen.  John Ashcroft, is under scrutiny after
being nominatedby Bush as the nation's next U.S. Attorney General.
Ashcroft's legislation allows sectarian groups to bid on government
contracts in order to operate social services, while still retaining their
religious character.  Critics say that this violates the separation of
church and state.  Since Ashcroft's amendment, other legislative measures
such as the American Community Renewal Act continue to "push the envelope"
in how far churches, mosques and temples may go and use religious faith,
symbols and rituals as part of their social outreach at taxpayer expense.

McCarrick was recently elevated to the position of Cardinal by order of
Pope John Paul II.  He has served as the Roman Catholic archbishop of
Washington, D.C.  and before that was Archbishop of the Newark, N.J.  area.
In 1998, he locked horns with the state's Republican governor, Christine
Whitman, over her veto of a ban on so-called "partial birth abortion."
McCarrick has also served as Chairman of the International Policy Committee
of the U.S.  Catholic Conference, an advocacy group controlled by the
bishops and archbishops.

Through his involvement in the Catholic Conference, McCarrick has formed
alliances with traditionalist church leaders such as Bishop Charles Chaput
of Rapid City and Denver, who generated controversy in 1997 when he
threaten to excommunicate parishioners who supported pro-choice legislation
and candidates.  Cardinal McCarrick also aligned with Chaput in 1994, when
the Conference considered a resolution denouncing "the social and ecclesial
(sic) problems caused by a radicalization of feminist issues that can lead
people away from the church."  The wording was so harsh that the NCCB
rejected the proposal, 74-136.

In 1998, when Christine Whitman won re-election, McCarrick was again at the
center of controversy over abortion.  He compromised on efforts by Catholic
and other anti-abortion groups to deny permission for Whitman's Inaugural
Committee to use Newark's Sacred Heart Cathedral for an ecumenical,
interfaith service honoring the governor. McCarrick told reporters that
despite Whitman's support for abortion rights and opposition to the
"partial birth" ban, "the Lord will open the hearts and the minds of our
elected officials to the necessity of defending human life, especially when
it is threatened by procedures which can be truly described as

Bush: A Man For All Faiths

 From the earliest days of the recent presidential primary race and into the
election contest when he ran against then Vice President Al Gore, George W.
Bush made no secret about his religious convictions and spiritual journey
through life.  He was raised in mainline Presbyterian and Episcopal
churches, sects traditionally identified with the "Protestant
Establishment" in America.  After marrying, he began attending services at
the United Methodist Church, and officially became a member at age 35 to
mark the baptism of his twin daughters.

In writings, interviews and speeches, Bush notes that as he approached his
40th birthday, personal crises set in.  He turned to a close Bush family
friend, evangelist Billy Graham, a man who has been at the center of
American political power since the days of the Eisenhower administration.
By now, the story of Bush's "born again" conversation is part of the
country's electoral mythology -- how he turned away from a life of
drinking, smoking, possible drug use and philandering to undergo a
spiritual transformation.

Unlike his father, Bush is more readily accepted by the religious right and
America's thriving evangelical community.  The elder Bush was seen as
spiritually and politically flawed, too soft on abortion, and unwilling to
go to the mat for the social issues which mattered so much to the religious
constituency which had helped put him in the White House in 1988.  Despite
doubts about the younger Bush's commitment to that same religious agenda,
evangelicals voted for him in record numbers in the November election, and
he enjoyed the full support of key players like Christian Coalition founder
Pat Robertson (described as a "close friend") and Jerry Falwell.

George W.  Bush typifies the growing "confessional" mode in American
politics where character flaws, political fumbles and personal peccadilloes
can be exonerated through public avowance, particularly if draped in
religious rhetoric.  Bill Clinton quickly traded in his staff of personal
development gurus and power coaches for a battery of "spiritual advisors"
when it came time to "heal" in the wake of the Monica Lewinsky imbroglio.
Former Vice President Gore and running mate Joe Lieberman both made use of
the confessional mode as part of a larger strategy of incorporating
religion into their campaign.  George Bush did the same.  While he avoided
describing himself as a "born again" Christian as Jimmy Carter had, he
persisted in describing his life prior to religious redemption.

Bush enjoys a close relationship with a number of leaders from different
faiths.  Along with Cardinal McCarrick, he also spends time with Texas
"megachurch" evangelist and Promise Keeper T.D.  Jakes. Within his own
Methodist denomination, Bush attends the relatively conservative
Metropolitan Methodist Church, shunning the more trendy, liberal Foundry
United Methodist church which had been favored by the Clinton's

As President, Bush remains determined to carry out his promise of further
involving religious groups in the operation of social programs.  His
strategy is informed by a circle of policy advisors including University of
Texas journalism professor Marvin Olasky, and former Indianapolis Mayor
Steven Goldsmith.  Olasky is the considered the leading theoretician on so-
called "faith-based" partnerships which would use a combination of private
money and other funding sources to fuel a religion-based social welfare
machine.  For Olasky, the secular welfare state has failed in that it has
not provided the motivational, spiritual foundation necessary for
addressing issues like urban poverty, dysfunctional families, youth
violence or substance abuse. Goldsmith embraces these same ideas.  Both men
are part of a wider "civil society" movement, which sees churches and other
religious institutions as an central component in the public square.

John Ashcroft, a Pentecostal Christian, also sees an important role for
religious groups in the years to come.  Under the Bush strategy, welfare
money would no longer flow to secular administrative agencies; rather, it
would be distributed to churches, ministries and other community groups
that have supposedly proved to be "successful" in addressing a myriad of
problems.  Marvin Olasky is wary of too much government funding, rightly
fearing that with state funding could come regulation and oversight.  In
Texas, though, Bush promoted policies which funneled public money to
religious groups, and gave these organizations wide latitude in how the
money could be spent.  A current case is challenging a Texas program
administered by a group of churches, where money was spent on Bible
materials and clients were pressured to change their religious beliefs.

A "Religion Tax" In America?

Critics say that all of this violates the separation of church and state.
For decades, government money has been flowing to religious groups,
including sectarian schools, in order to pay for everything from
transportation to school books.  In theory anyway, the aid was not be used
for religious purposes.  Ashcroft's "Charitable Choice" provision in the
1996 welfare reform act, though, began to muddy the constitutional waters
by permitting faith-based groups receiving public funds to "retain their
religious character."  It seems that crafting "faith-based partnerships"
and similar programs that hand over tax money to groups operating social
services with a religious flavor or content must inevitably violate the
First Amendment.

Earlier today, White House spokesman Ari Fleischer said that Mr. Bush is
prepared to confront the "church-and-state" questions that will inevitably
arise when he unveils his proposal for the Federal Office of Faith-Based

"His focus is going to be on helping people get through some of the worst
problems they face in life -- alcoholism, prison, children of prisoners,
helping people leave behind prisons to re-enter the workforce," said
Fleischer.  "This is in many ways the next step in welfare reform.  Faith-
based solutions are often one of the best ways to help people get through
crises in life."

Nonsense, says Ellen Johnson, President of American Atheists.

"If Bush really wanted to help poor people or other groups, he would fund
secular programs," said Johnson.  "Even many religious groups are wary
about having the government drag them into the social services 'business,'
for which they often lack any experience or expertise."

"It's a 'Religion Tax' on millions of Atheists, and everyone else in
America," Johnson added.  "It compels us all to have our money confiscated
on behalf of churches, mosques, temples and any other religious group that
wants to make a withdrawal from the U.S. Treasury."


                         WHAT'S WORTH CHECKING
    stories via <ftp://ftp.nyct.net/pub/users/tallpaul/publish/story7/>

Dan Ackman (Forbes.com), "Net Libel," 29 Dec 00, "If you're fixing to
defame someone, the Internet is a good place to do it. But not as good as
it used to be, thanks to some recent rulings. In early December, a federal
court in Virginia issued a $675,000 judgment based on the first libel
verdict ever concerning an anonymous Internet message. This case is one of
several around the country focusing on anonymous Internet postings."

William G. Martin (Association of Concerned Africa Scholars), "On the Edge:
Waging War Against Africa: Will Bush Follow Clinton's Lead?," 20 Dec 00,
"As the moving vans circle the White House, it is only natural to speculate
on what looms ahead for Africa. Among liberal and even many progressives
commentators there is a growing consensus: a Bush presidency will mark a
new era of antipathy towards Africa." <2052.txt>

The Drammeh Institute, "Strategic Conference to the UN World Conference
Against Racism," 3 Jan 01, "In August of 2001 the matter of addressing
centuries old issues surrounding anti-black racism will advance to the
world table for discussion at the UN World Conference Against Racism in
Durban, South Africa. While this date appears to be quite some time away
community organizing is taking place all over the world in preparations for
the conference." <2053.txt>

ACLU, "ACLU Challenges "No Free Speech Zone" At San Diego Welfare Offices,"
4 Jan 01, "The American Civil Liberties Union of San Diego filed a
complaint today in federal court on behalf of a parents' advocacy
organization that has been restricted from distributing literature and
talking with welfare applicants at two county welfare offices." <2054.txt>

Liam Craig-Best (Columbia Labor Monitor), "Human Rights Abuses Against
Colombian Trade Unionists," 26 Jan 01, "As with last year, when 121
unionists were murdered in Colombia and many others 'disappeared', the
attacks against trade unionists continue. The Colombian Government refuses
to intervene and turns a blind eye to the fact that the Colombian military
is heavily involved, sometimes directly and sometimes indirectly, in these
crimes. The international media and foreign governments rarely comment on
the grave situation faced by Colombian trade union members and as long as
this remains the case the killings will continue. With the recent US
Government decision to ignore the human rights performance of the Colombian
armed forces the Colombian military has no incentive whatsoever to cease
their attacks." <2055.txt>

AP, "Pinochet Indicted for Military Deaths," 29 Jan 01, "A federal judge
reinstated homicide and kidnapping charges against Gen. Augusto Pinochet on
Monday and said the former dictator was being placed under house arrest in
connection with a series of political killings under his 17-year military
rule." <2056.txt>

Reuters, "Over one million Turkish children are workers," 27 Jan 01, "More
than one million children aged six to 17 work to contribute to the family
income in Turkey, state-controlled news agency Anatolian said on Saturday.
Widespread child labour is often cited as one of the problems that Turkey
needs to tackle if it is to fulfil its ambition of joining the European
Union." <2057.txt>

Steve Patterson ([Gary Indiana] Post Tribune), "Klan back for a permit," 25
Jan 01, "Persistent members of the Ku Klux Klan are determined to march
here and have re-submitted a parade permit request. While members of the
Church of the American Knights of the Ku Klux Klan say  they would like to
rally at City Hall Feb. 3, their permit is likely to be considered for
March 10." <2058.txt>

ALA, "American Library Association votes to challenge CIPA," 10 Jan 01,
"The executive board of the American Library Association (ALA) voted
yesterday to initiate legal action challenging the recently enacted
Children's Internet Protection Act (CIPA), signed into law on December 21.
The decision came after more than a week of intense discussion among
leaders and members during the association's annual Midwinter Meeting. The
ALA contends the act is unconstitutional and creates an infringement of
First Amendment protections." <2059.txt>

Fairness & Accuracy in Reporting, "New York Times Swallows Pentagon
'Whitewash': Korea massacre probe needs independent investigation," 23 Jan
01,  "The New York Times has given a pass to a deceptive Pentagon
investigation into the No Gun Ri massacre. Sixteen months after the
Associated Press published its Pulitzer Prize-winning expose of the
massacre by U.S. forces in the Korean War (9/30/99), the Pentagon report
states that although 'an unknown number of Korean civilians were killed or
injured" by U.S. troops, "the deaths and injuries of civilians, where they
occurred, were an unfortunate tragedy inherent to war and not a deliberate
killing.' Since the AP story first ran, damning new evidence has come to
light in the form of declassified military documents showing clearly that
orders were given to shoot all refugees approaching American lines."
                            * * * * *

In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. section 107, this material is
distributed without profit or payment to those who have expressed a prior
interest in receiving this information for non-profit research and
educational purposes only.


    We have no ethical right to forgive, no historical right to forget.
       (No permission required for noncommercial reproduction)

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