Over at #perl6 we had a short discussion on =:=, ===, and ~~, mostly raised by ajs's discussion on Str items and ===.
After a brief discussion we managed to formulate several questions that we feel are slightly to totally unresolved. 1. what is .id on references? Is it related to the memory slot, like refaddr() in Perl 5? 2. is .id *always* a low level type representation of the object's value? It's specced that low level typed items have the same ID when they have the same value. What about complex types? 3. Are these descriptions of the operators correct? ~~ matches the left side to a description on the right side =:= makes sure the objects are actually the same single object (if $x =:= $y and you change $x.<foo> then $y.<foo> was also changed... is this .id on refs?) Is =:= really eq .id? or more like variable($x).id eq variable($y).id? === makes sure that the values are equivalent ( @foo = ( 1, 2, 3 ); @bar = ( 1, 2, 3); @foo === @bar currently works like that, but @foo = ( [ 1, 2 ], 3 ); @bar = ( [ 1, 2 ], 3 ); @foo === @bar does not (in pugs). This is not useful because we already have this return false with =:=). If they are not correct, why is there an overlap between =:=? Why is it hard to deeply compare values in 2006 without using e.g. Data::Compare? 4. will we have a deep (possibly optimized) equality operator, that *will* return true for @foo = ( [ 1, 2 ], 3 ); @bar = ( [ 1, 2 ], 3 ); op(@foo, @bar)? Is it going to be easy to make the newbies use that when they mean "it's the same", like they currently expect == and eq to work on "simple" values? 5. is there room for a new opperator? =::= makes sure the memory slot is the same (might be different for simple values). refaddr($x) == refaddr($y) in Perl 5 =:= makes sure that .ids are the same, and is useful if the .id method is meaningful for an object. A bit like Test::More::is( $x, $y ) but without the diagnosis in Perl 5, or abusing eq if the object doesn't overload stringification. === makes sure the values are the same even if they are copies/clones/whatever. Data::Compare in Perl 5. A bit like what people overload == for in Perl 5 right now (which confuses "numerical" equality with "true" equality, so we want to phase that out). ~~ makes sure the value on the right side describes the value on the left side. Reminiscient of Test::Deep::cmp_deeply, with all the various matching magic. Thanks,  It could, of course, be just =:= && === inside, and it could optimize arrays to check length first, and it could cache checksums and it could do whatever - please don't bring this up as a performance issue, it is one of correctness and ergonomics that must be resolved first. -- Yuval Kogman <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> http://nothingmuch.woobling.org 0xEBD27418
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