2017-08-10 Security Update Release

The PostgreSQL Global Development Group has released an update to all
supported versions of our database system, including 9.6.4, 9.5.8,
9.4.13, 9.3.18, and 9.2.22. This release fixes three security issues.
It also patches over 50 other bugs reported over the last three months.
Users who are affected by the below security issues should update as
soon as possible.  Users affected by CVE-2017-7547
(https://access.redhat.com/security/cve/CVE-2017-7547) will need to
perform additional steps after upgrading to resolve the issue.  Other
users should plan to update at the next convenient downtime.

Security Issues

Three security vulnerabilities have been closed by this release:

* CVE-2017-7546: Empty password accepted in some authentication methods
* CVE-2017-7547: The "pg_user_mappings" catalog view discloses passwords
                 to users lacking server privileges
* CVE-2017-7548: lo_put() function ignores ACLs

CVE-2017-7546: Empty password accepted in some authentication methods

libpq, and by extension any connection driver that utilizes libpq,
ignores empty passwords and does not transmit them to the server.  When
using libpq or a libpq-based connection driver to perform password-based
authentication methods, it would appear that setting an empty password
would be the equivalent of disabling password login.  However, using a
non-libpq based connection driver could allow a client with an empty
password to log in.

To fix this issue, this update disables empty passwords from being
submitted in any of the password-based authentication methods.  The
server will reject any empty passwords from being set on accounts.

CVE-2017-7547: The "pg_user_mappings" catalog view discloses passwords
               to users lacking server privileges

This fix pertains to the usage of the foreign data wrapper
functionality, particularly for the user mapping feature.

Before this fix, a user had access to see the options in
pg_user_mappings even if the user did not have the USAGE permission on
the associated foreign server.  This meant that a user could see details
such as a password that might have been set by the server administrator
rather than the user.

This fix will only fix the behavior in newly created clusters utilizing
initdb.  To fix this issue on existing systems, you will need to follow
the below steps.  For more details, please see the release notes:

1.  In your postgresql.conf file, add the following:

    allow_system_table_mods = true

2.  After adding that line, you will need to restart your PostgreSQL

3.  In **each** database of the cluster, run the following commands as a

    SET search_path = pg_catalog;
    CREATE OR REPLACE VIEW pg_user_mappings AS
        U.oid       AS umid,
        S.oid       AS srvid,
        S.srvname   AS srvname,
        U.umuser    AS umuser,
        CASE WHEN U.umuser = 0 THEN
        END AS usename,
        CASE WHEN (U.umuser <> 0 AND A.rolname = current_user
                     AND (pg_has_role(S.srvowner, 'USAGE')
                          OR has_server_privilege(S.oid, 'USAGE')))
                    OR (U.umuser = 0 AND pg_has_role(S.srvowner, 'USAGE'))
                    OR (SELECT rolsuper FROM pg_authid WHERE rolname = 
                    THEN U.umoptions
                 ELSE NULL END AS umoptions
    FROM pg_user_mapping U
    LEFT JOIN pg_authid A ON (A.oid = U.umuser)
    JOIN pg_foreign_server S ON (U.umserver = S.oid);

4.  You also need to run the command on your *template0* and *template1*
    databases, otherwise the vulnerability will exist in future
    databases that you create.

First, you will need to allow "template0" to accept connections.  In
PostgreSQL 9.5 you can run the following:


In PostgreSQL 9.4 and below, you will have to run this command:

    UPDATE pg_database SET datallowconn = true WHERE datname = 'template0';

Then, in your "template0" and "template1" databases, run the commands as
described in Step 3

When you are done, you will need to disallow connections from
*template0*.  In PostgreSQL 9.5, you can run the following:


In PostgreSQL 9.4 and below, you will have to run the following:

    UPDATE pg_database SET datallowconn = false WHERE datname = 'template0';

5.  Remove the following line from your postgresql.conf file:

    allow_system_table_mods = false

6.  Restart your PostgreSQL cluster

For more details, please see the release notes:

CVE-2017-7548: lo_put() function ignores ACLs

The lo_put() function should require the same permissions as lowrite(),
but there was a missing permission check which would allow any user to
change the data in a large object.

To fix this, the lo_put() function was changed to check the UPDATE
privileges on the target object.

Bug Fixes and Improvements

This update also fixes a number of bugs reported in the last few months.
Some of these issues affect only version 9.6, but many affect all
supported versions:

* pg_upgrade: corrected the documentation about the process for
  upgrading standby servers to ensure the primary and standbys
  synchronized safely.  Also includes a fix to ensure the last WAL
  record does not have "wal_level = minimum" which would prevent
  standbys from connecting upon restart
* Fix for issue with a concurrent locking race condition that could
  cause some of the updates to fail
* Several fixes for low probability data corruption scenarios
* Fix to prevent crash when sorting more than one billion tuples
* Fix on Windows to retry creating a process if shared memory addresses
  could not be allocated, typically caused from antivirus software
* Fix in libpq to ensure that failed connection attempts using GSS/SASL
  and SSPI authentication are reset properly
* Fixes for SSL connection handling and logging
* Fix to allow window functions to be used in sub-SELECT statements that
  are within the arguments of an aggregate function
* Allow parallelism in the query plan when COPY when copying from a
* Several fixes to ALTER TABLE
* Fix to ensure that ALTER USER ... SET and ALTER ROLE ... SET accepts
  the same syntax variants
* Fixes for the statistics collector, ensuring statistics requests made
  just after a postmaster shutdown request will be written to disk
* Fix possible creation of an invalid WAL segment during standby
* Several walsender / walreceiver fixes, particularly around signal
  handling and shutdowns / restarts
* Several logic decoding fixes, including removing leakage of small
  subtransactions to disk
* Allow a CHECK constraints to be initially NOT VALID when executing
* Fixes to postgres_fdw for applying changes promptly after
  ALTER SERVER / ALTER USER MAPPING commands and improving ability to
  escape from an unresponsive server
* Several fixes for pg_dump and pg_restore, including a fix for pg_dump
  output to stdout on Windows
* Fix pg_basebackup output to stdout on Windows, similar to the fix for
* Fix pg_rewind to correctly handle files exceeding 2GB, though files of
  such size should rarely appear in a data directory
* Several fixes for building PostgreSQL with Microsoft Visual C (MSVC),
  primarily around sourcing libraries

EOL Warning for Version 9.2

PostgreSQL version 9.2 will be End-of-Life in September, 2017.  The
project expects to only release one more update for that version.  We
urge users to start planning an upgrade to a later version of PostgreSQL
as soon as possible. See our Versioning Policy for more information.


All PostgreSQL update releases are cumulative. As with other minor
releases, users are not required to dump and reload their database or
use pg_upgrade in order to apply this update release; you may simply
shut down PostgreSQL and update its binaries.

* Download: https://www.postgresql.org/download/
* Release Notes: https://www.postgresql.org/docs/current/static/release.html
* Security Page: https://www.postgresql.org/support/security/
* Versioning Policy: https://www.postgresql.org/support/versioning/

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