Produce compiler errors if errno is referenced inside elog/ereport calls.

It's often unsafe to reference errno within an elog/ereport call, because
there are a lot of sub-functions involved and they might not all preserve
errno.  (This is why we support the %m format spec: it works off a value
of errno captured before we execute any potentially-unsafe functions in
the arguments.)  Therefore, we have a project policy not to use errno

This patch adds a hack to cause an (admittedly obscure) compiler error
for such unsafe usages.  With the current code, the error will only be seen
on Linux, macOS, and FreeBSD, but that should certainly be enough to catch
mistakes in the buildfarm if they somehow get missed earlier.

In addition, fix some places in src/common/exec.c that trip the error.
I think these places are actually all safe, but it's simple enough to
avoid the error by capturing errno manually, and doing so is good
future-proofing in case these call sites get any more complicated.

Thomas Munro (exec.c fixes by me)




Modified Files
src/common/exec.c        | 27 +++++++++++++++++++++------
src/include/utils/elog.h | 21 +++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 42 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

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