> On 06 Oct 2015, at 08:58, Michael Paquier
> <michael.paqu...@gmail.com> wrote:
> On Tue, Oct 6, 2015 at 12:41 AM, Oleksii Kliukin
> <al...@hintbits.com> wrote:
>> pg_rewind -D postgresql0 --source-server="host= port=5433
>> dbname=postgres" The servers diverged at WAL position 0/3000060 on
>> timeline 1. could not open file
>> "data/postgresql0/pg_xlog/000000010000000000000002": No such file or
>> directory
>> Note that this problem happens not 100% of time during the tests,
>> sometimes pg_rewind can actually rewind the former master.
> I don't think that there is any actual reason preventing us from
> rewinding a node that has its state in pg_control set as something
> else than DB_SHUTDOWNED, the important point here is to be sure that
> the target node is *not* running while pg_rewind is running (perhaps
> pg_rewind should perform an action in the target node to not have it
> run, let's say that it creates a fake postgresql.conf with invalid
> data and renames the existing one). Checking pg_control makes things
> easier though, there is no need to rely on external binaries like
> "pg_ctl status" or some parsing of postmaster.pid with kill(pid, 0)
> for example.

Does pg_rewind actually rely on the cluster being rewound to finish
recovery? If not, than it would be a good idea to add —force flag to
force the pg_rewind to ignore the state check, as you suggested in
this thread:


>> I know I can copy the segment back from the archive, but I'd like to
>> avoid putting this logic into the failover tool if possible. Is there
>> anything we can do to avoid the problem described above, or is there
>> a better way to bring up the former master after the crash with
>> pg_rewind?
> Well, for 9.5 (and actually the same applies to the 9.3 and 9.4
> version on github because I am keeping the previous versions
> consistent with what is in 9.5), I guess no.
> This missing segment is going to be needed in any case because the
> list of blocks modified needs to be found, hence the question is "how
> can pg_rewind guess where a WAL segment missing from the target's
> pg_xlog is located?". And there are multiple answers:
> - An archive path, then let's add an option to pg_rewind to add a
>   path, though this needs the archive path to be mounted locally, and
>   usually that's not the case.
> - An existing node of the cluster, perhaps the segment is still
>   present on another standby node that already replayed it, though
>   this would need an extra node.
> - The source node itself, if we are lucky the missing segment created
>   before WAL forked is still there. It may not be there though if it
>   has already been recycled. At the end it seems to me that this is
>   going to need some extra operation by the failover tool or the
>   system administrator either way, and that any additional logic to
>   check where this segment is located is never going to satisfy
>   completely the failover use cases. Hence I would keep just pg_rewind
>   out of that.

Well, checking the source node looks like an option that does not
require providing any additional information by DBA, as the connection
string or the path to the data dir is already there. It would be nice if
pg_rewind could fetch WAL from the given restore_command though, or even
use the command already there in recovery.conf (if the node being
recovered is a replica, which I guess is a pretty common case).

Anyway, thank you for describing the issue. In my case, it seems I
solved it by removing the files from the archive_status directory of the
former master (the node being rewound). This makes PostgreSQL forget
that it has to remove an already archived (but still required for
pg_rewind) segment (I guess it does it during stop when the checkpoint
is issued). Afterwards, postgres starts it in a single user mode with
archive_command=false and archive_mode=on, to make sure no segments are
archived/removed, and stopped right afterwards with:

postgres --single -D . -c "max_replication_slots=5" -c
"wal_level=hot_standby" -c "wal_log_hints=on" -c "archive_mode=on" -c
"archive_command=false” postgres </dev/null

(the other options are taken from postmaster.ops).

Afterwards, pg_rewind runs on the cluster without any noticeable issues.
Since the node is not going to continue as a master and the contents of
pg_xlog/archive_status is changed after pg_rewind anyway, I don’t think
any data is lost after initial removal of archive_status files.

Kind regards,

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