On 01/01/2016 12:08 AM, Peter Geoghegan wrote:
On Thu, Dec 31, 2015 at 12:48 PM, Tomas Vondra
1) initHyperLogLogError(hyperLogLogState *cState, double error)
Instead of specifying bwidth (essentially the number of bits used
for addressing in the counter), this allows specifying the expected
error rate for the counter, which is
error_rate = 1.04 / sqrt(2^bwidth)
So for 5% we get bwidth=5, and so on. This makes the API a bit easier
the use, because there are pretty much no comments about the meaning
of bwidth, and the existing callers simply use 10 without details.
Fair, but you didn't add any better comments!
2) freeHyperLogLog(hyperLogLogState *cState)
I think it's a good idea to provide function "undoing" what init
does, i.e. freeing the internal memory etc. Currently that's trivial
to do, but perhaps we'll make the structure more complicated in the
future (albeit that might be unlikely).
Attached is v2 of the patch, adding the comments.
Tomas Vondra http://www.2ndQuadrant.com
PostgreSQL Development, 24x7 Support, Remote DBA, Training & Services
>From 6cf109c466b60ecf62c27ce04757da51a9726729 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Tomas Vondra <to...@pgaddict.com>
Date: Sat, 9 Jan 2016 20:45:03 +0100
Subject: [PATCH] extend HyperLogLog API
Extends the HyperLogLog API with two new functions. One allows
specifying desired error rate when initializing the counter,
the other one frees the internal counter state.
src/backend/lib/hyperloglog.c | 45 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
src/include/lib/hyperloglog.h | 2 ++
2 files changed, 47 insertions(+)
diff --git a/src/backend/lib/hyperloglog.c b/src/backend/lib/hyperloglog.c
index 094bc09..2dca070 100644
@@ -108,6 +108,51 @@ initHyperLogLog(hyperLogLogState *cState, uint8 bwidth)
+ * Initialize HyperLogLog track state
+ * Instead of specifying bwidth (number of bits used for addressing the
+ * register), this method allows sizing the counter for particular error
+ * rate using a simple formula from the paper:
+ * e = 1.04 / sqrt(m)
+ * where 'm' is the number of registers, i.e. (2^bwidth). The method
+ * finds the lowest bwidth with 'e' below the requested error rate, and
+ * the uses it to initialize the counter.
+ * As bwidth has to be between 4 and 16, the worst error possible rate
+ * is ~25% (bwidth=4) and 0.4% (bwidth=16).
+initHyperLogLogError(hyperLogLogState *cState, double error)
+ uint8 bwidth = 4;
+ while (bwidth < 16)
+ double m = (Size)1 << bwidth;
+ if (1.04 / sqrt(m) < error)
+ initHyperLogLog(cState, bwidth);
+ * Free HyperLogLog track state
+ * Releases the internal state, but not the state itself (in case it's
+ * not allocated by palloc).
+ Assert(cState->hashesArr != NULL);
* Adds element to the estimator, from caller-supplied hash.
* It is critical that the hash value passed be an actual hash value, typically
diff --git a/src/include/lib/hyperloglog.h b/src/include/lib/hyperloglog.h
index 5a1d4d3..b999b30 100644
@@ -60,8 +60,10 @@ typedef struct hyperLogLogState
extern void initHyperLogLog(hyperLogLogState *cState, uint8 bwidth);
+extern void initHyperLogLogError(hyperLogLogState *cState, double error);
extern void addHyperLogLog(hyperLogLogState *cState, uint32 hash);
extern double estimateHyperLogLog(hyperLogLogState *cState);
extern void mergeHyperLogLog(hyperLogLogState *cState, const hyperLogLogState *oState);
+extern void freeHyperLogLog(hyperLogLogState *cState);
#endif /* HYPERLOGLOG_H */
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