Commit d1b7c1ffe72e86932b5395f29e006c3f503bc53d has added
the support for passing bind parameters to parallel workers, however
prepared statement which uses bind parameters wasn't enabled
for parallel query as the 'Execute' message in FE-BE protocol
can pass the row_count which can make parallel plans unusable.
(parallel plans are only possible when query can run to completion)

Later Commit bfc78d7196eb28cd4e3d6c24f7e607bacecf1129 has
ensure that if the row_count is non-zero then we won't enter
parallel mode which means that even if parallel plan is selected
by optimizer, it will run such a plan locally.

With above support, it was just a matter of enabling parallel
mode for prepared statements which is done in attached patch

I have tested that parallel plans are getting generated both
via Prepare/Execute statements and libpq prepared
statement execution.  Attached is a libpq program
(prepare_parallel_query.c) which I have used for testing prepared
statement support.  I have done the verification manually
(using auto_explain) to ensure that parallel plans gets generated
and executed via this libpq program.  This program expects some
data to be generated before-hand and the information of same is
added in file-header.


With Regards,
Amit Kapila.

Attachment: prepared_stmt_parallel_query_v1.patch
Description: Binary data

 * Test case for PreparedStmt
 * Need first to run this query on the database connection is made
 * to:
 * CREATE TABLE t1 (c1 int, c2 char(1000));
 * INSERT INTO t1 values(generate_series(1,500000), 'aaaa');
#include <libpq-fe.h>

#define DB_CONN_STR		"host=localhost dbname=postgres"
#define SQL_FETCH_AA	"select c1 from t1 where c1 < $1"

main(int argc, char *argv[])
	PGconn*         conn;
	PGresult*       res;
	int				ntuples;
	const char* paramValues[1];

	if ((conn = PQconnectdb(DB_CONN_STR)) == NULL)
		fprintf(stderr, "Connect to '%s' failed", DB_CONN_STR);

	if (PQstatus(conn) != CONNECTION_OK)
		fprintf(stderr, "Connect to '%s' failed: %s",
			DB_CONN_STR, PQerrorMessage(conn));

	if ((res = PQprepare(conn, "sql_fetch_aa",
						 SQL_FETCH_AA, 1, NULL)) == NULL)
		fprintf(stderr, "Preparing statement '%s' failed",

	if (PQresultStatus(res) != PGRES_COMMAND_OK)
		fprintf(stderr, "Preparing statement '%s' failed: %s",
			SQL_FETCH_AA, PQerrorMessage(conn));

	paramValues[0] = "1000";

	res = PQexecPrepared(conn, "sql_fetch_aa", 1,
						 NULL, NULL, 0);
	if (PQresultStatus(res) != PGRES_TUPLES_OK)
		fprintf(stderr, "fetch data failed: %s",
		return 1;

	ntuples = PQntuples(res);


	return 0;
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