On Mon, May 1, 2017 at 6:39 PM, Peter Geoghegan <p...@bowt.ie> wrote:
> On Mon, May 1, 2017 at 6:20 PM, Tom Lane <t...@sss.pgh.pa.us> wrote:
>> Maybe you can fix this by assuming that your own session's advertised xmin
>> is a safe upper bound on everybody else's RecentGlobalXmin.  But I'm not
>> sure if that rule does what you want.
> That's what you might ultimately need to fall back on (that, or
> perhaps repeated calls to GetOldestXmin() to recheck, in the style of
> pg_visibility).

I spent only a few hours writing a rough prototype, and came up with
something that does an IndexBuildHeapScan() scan following the
existing index verification steps. Its amcheck callback does an
index_form_tuple() call, hashes the resulting IndexTuple (heap TID and
all), and tests it for membership of a bloom filter generated as part
of the main B-Tree verification phase. The IndexTuple memory is freed
immediately following hashing.

The general idea here is that whatever IndexTuples ought to be in the
index following a fresh REINDEX also ought to have been found in the
index already. IndexBuildHeapScan() takes care of almost all of the
details for us.

I think I can do this correctly when only an AccessShareLock is
acquired on heap + index, provided I also do a separate
GetOldestXmin() before even the index scan begins, and do a final
recheck of the saved GetOldestXmin() value against heap tuple xmin
within the new IndexBuildHeapScan() callback (if we still think that
it should have been found by the index scan, then actually throw a
corruption related error). When there is only a ShareLock (for
bt_parent_index_check() calls), the recheck isn't necessary. I think I
should probably also make the IndexBuildHeapScan()-passed indexInfo
structure "ii_Unique = false", since waiting for the outcome of a
concurrent conflicting unique index insertion isn't useful, and can
cause deadlocks.

While I haven't really made my mind up, this design is extremely
simple, and effectively tests IndexBuildHeapScan() at the same time as
everything else. The addition of the bloom filter itself isn't
trivial, but the code added to verify_nbtree.c is.

The downside of going this way is that I cannot piggyback other types
of heap verification on the IndexBuildHeapScan() scan. Still, perhaps
it's worth it. Perhaps I should implement this bloom-filter-index-heap
verification step as one extra option for the existing B-Tree
verification functions. I may later add new verification functions
that examine and verify the heap and related SLRUs alone.

Peter Geoghegan

VMware vCenter Server

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