On Wed, Jun 7, 2017 at 4:47 PM, Heikki Linnakangas <hlinn...@iki.fi> wrote:
> On 06/06/2017 07:24 AM, Ashutosh Bapat wrote:
>> On Tue, Jun 6, 2017 at 9:48 AM, Craig Ringer <cr...@2ndquadrant.com>
>> wrote:
>>> On 6 June 2017 at 12:13, Ashutosh Bapat <ashutosh.ba...@enterprisedb.com>
>>> wrote:
>>>> What happens when the epoch is so low that the rest of the XID does
>>>> not fit in 32bits of tuple header? Or such a case should never arise?
>>> Storing an epoch implies that rows can't have (xmin,xmax) different by
>>> more than one epoch. So if you're updating/deleting an extremely old
>>> tuple you'll presumably have to set xmin to FrozenTransactionId if it
>>> isn't already, so you can set a new epoch and xmax.
>> If the page has multiple such tuples, updating one tuple will mean
>> updating headers of other tuples as well? This means that those tuples
>> need to be locked for concurrent scans? May be not, since such tuples
>> will be anyway visible to any concurrent scans and updating xmin/xmax
>> doesn't change the visibility. But we might have to prevent multiple
>> updates to the xmin/xmax because of concurrent updates on the same
>> page.
> "Store the epoch in the page header" is actually a slightly
> simpler-to-visualize, but incorrect, version of what we actually need to do.
> If you only store the epoch, then all the XIDs on a page need to belong to
> the same epoch, which causes trouble when the current epoch changes. Just
> after the epoch changes, you cannot necessarily freeze all the tuples from
> the previous epoch, because they would not yet be visible to everyone.
> The full picture is that we need to store one 64-bit XID "base" value in the
> page header, and all the xmin/xmax values in the tuple headers are offsets
> relative to that base. With that, you effectively have 64-bit XIDs, as long
> as the *difference* between any two XIDs on a page is not greater than 2^32.
> That can be guaranteed, as long as we don't allow a transaction to be
> in-progress for more than 2^32 XIDs. That seems like a reasonable
> limitation.
> But yes, when the "current XID - base XID in page header" becomes greater
> than 2^32, and you need to update a tuple on that page, you need to first
> freeze the page, update the base XID on the page header to a more recent
> value, and update the XID offsets on every tuple on the page accordingly.
> And to do that, you need to hold a lock on the page. If you don't move any
> tuples around at the same time, but just update the XID fields, and
> exclusive lock on the page is enough, i.e. you don't need to take a
> super-exclusive or vacuum lock. In any case, it happens so infrequently that
> it should not become a serious burden.

Freezing a page is required when modifying a tuple on the page by a
transaction with greater than 2^32 XID. Is that right?


Masahiko Sawada
NTT Open Source Software Center

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