On Jan 22, 2007, at 11:16 AM, Richard Huxton wrote:
Bruce Momjian wrote:
Yep, agreed on the random I/O issue. The larger question is if
a huge table, do you care to reclaim 3% of the table size, rather
just vacuum it when it gets to 10% dirty? I realize the vacuum is
to take a lot of time, but vacuuming to relaim 3% three times
it is going to be more expensive than just vacuuming the 10%
vacuuming to reclaim 1% ten times seems even more expensive. The
partial vacuum idea is starting to look like a loser to me again.
Buying a house with a 25-year mortgage is much more expensive than
just paying cash too, but you don't always have a choice.
Surely the key benefit of the partial vacuuming thing is that you
can at least do something useful with a large table if a full
vacuum takes 24 hours and you only have 4 hours of idle I/O.
It's also occurred to me that all the discussion of scheduling way
back when isn't directly addressing the issue. What most people
want (I'm guessing) is to vacuum *when the user-workload allows*
and the time-tabling is just a sysadmin first-approximation at that.
Yup. I'd really like for my app to be able to say "Hmm. No
interactive users at the moment, no critical background tasks. Now
would be a really good time for the DB to do some maintenance." but
also to be able to interrupt the maintenance process if some new
users or other system load show up.
With partial vacuuming possible, we can arrange things with just
three thresholds and two measurements:
Measurement 1 = system workload
Measurement 2 = a per-table "requires vacuuming" value
Threshold 1 = workload at which we do more vacuuming
Threshold 2 = workload at which we do less vacuuming
Threshold 3 = point at which a table is considered worth vacuuming.
Once every 10 seconds, the manager compares the current workload to
the thresholds and starts a new vacuum, kills one or does nothing.
New vacuum processes keep getting started as long as there is
workload spare and tables that need vacuuming.
Now the trick of course is how you measure system workload in a
I'd settle for a "start maintenance", "stop maintenance" API.
Anything else (for instance the heuristics you suggest above) would
definitely be gravy.
It's not going to be simple to do, though, I don't think.
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