I am wondering if we can implement unique indexes across several tables
(inheritance hierarchy) not by using a single, big index covering all
the tables, but rather by inserting a dummy entry into each partition's
unique index.  This dummy entry would have an expanded CTID which would
include the tableoid, so it's possible to check it (albeit there is a
problem in that we may require the opening of another heap to do the
actual checking).  These dummy entries could be removed by bulkcleanup
as soon as the inserting transaction is no longer running, to avoid
bloating the index too much.  All said dummy index entries would be
located at either the rightmost or the leftmost leaf, or close to it, so
another idea is to have future inserters reuse the entry for a different

The obvious problem with this is, naturally, the excess I/O that extra
index traversing causes.  The not so obvious ones are locking,
deadlocking and the opening of other heaps and indexes while you do the
insertion, which may be too expensive.  On the other hand, maybe this
idea is easier to implement than full-fledged cross-table indexes, so we
could have richer partitioning earlier than when somebody finally bites
the bullet and implements cross-table indexes.

Or maybe this is just a dumb idea, but I had to let it out anyway :-)

Alvaro Herrera                                http://www.CommandPrompt.com/
The PostgreSQL Company - Command Prompt, Inc.

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