I wrote:
> The easiest answer I can think of at the moment is to run parse analysis
> for a DECLARE CURSOR and then throw away the result.  To avoid this
> overhead in cases where it's useless, we could probably teach analyze.c
> to do it only if p_variableparams is true (which essentially would mean
> that the DECLARE CURSOR came in via PQprepare or equivalent, and not as
> a simply executable statement).

> Plan B would be to promote DECLARE CURSOR to an "optimizable statement"
> that is treated under the same rules as SELECT/UPDATE/etc, in particular
> that we assume locks obtained at analysis are held through to execution.
> This might be a cleaner answer overall, but I have no idea right now
> about the effort required or any possible downsides.

I looked into Plan B a bit more, and decided that the least ugly way to
deal with DECLARE CURSOR is to treat it a bit like SELECT INTO: it is a
SELECT for purposes of parsing and planning, and then we have to divert
just before calling the executor.  This would require special-casing in
pretty nearly just the same places that currently treat SELECT INTO as
a special case.  The query representation would be:

In raw grammar output: same as now, ie, a DeclareCursorStmt with a
raw SelectStmt tree below it.

After parse analysis: a CMD_SELECT Query with nonempty utilityStmt
(the original DeclareCursorStmt, but with its query field now NULL
since we don't need the raw grammar output anymore; or maybe we should
invent a separate node type for the purpose).

After planning: a PlannedStmt.  Just as PlannedStmt carries an "into"
field for SELECT INTO, it'd have to carry a field for DECLARE CURSOR.

There seem to be enough places that know about SELECT INTO that this'd
be a bit tedious to do --- most of a day's work probably.  Is it worth
the trouble, or should I just do the klugy fix?  Thoughts?

                        regards, tom lane

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