Bruce Momjian wrote:
What you will see is that pushing TEXT to a TOAST column allows quick
access to non-TOAST values and single-row TOAST values, but accessing
all TOAST columns is slower than accessing them in the heap, by a factor
of 3-18x.

Looking at the chart, it seems 512 is the proper breakpoint for TOAST
because 512 gives us a 2x change in accessing non-TOAST values and
single-row TOAST values, and it is only 2x slower to access all TOAST
values than we have now.

I don't understand why that point is any better than any other point.

Of course, this has all the data in the cache, but if the cache is
limited, pushing more to TOAST is going to be a bigger win.

... assuming that you don't access the TOASTed data.

 In general,
I would guess that the number of times all >512 byte rows are accessed
is much less than the number of times that pushing those >512 byte
values to TOAST will give a speedup.

Maybe. Maybe not. I wonder how the access times for a single row change when you have a table that doesn't fit in cache. Especially after some random updates, so that the toast is not clustered in the same order as the heap.

The bottom line is that the optimal threshold depends on your application.

  Heikki Linnakangas

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