Patch applied.  Thanks.


ITAGAKI Takahiro wrote:
> Thanks for reviewing!
> But the patch does not work on HEAD, because of the changes in 
> BootStrapXLOG().
> I send the patch with a fix for it.
> Bruce Momjian <> wrote:
> > If you are doing fsync(), I don't see how O_DIRECT
> > makes any sense because O_DIRECT is writing to disk on every write, and
> > then what is the fsync() actually doing.
> It's depends on OSes. Manpage of Linux says,
>     File I/O is done directly to/from user space buffers. The I/O is
>     synchronous, i.e., at the completion of the read(2) or write(2) system
>     call, data is **guaranteed to have been transferred**.
> But manpage of FreeBSD says,
>     O_DIRECT may be used to minimize or eliminate the cache effects of read-
>     ing and writing.  The system will attempt to avoid caching the data you
>     read or write.  If it cannot avoid caching the data,
>     it will **minimize the impact the data has on the cache**.
> In my understanding, the completion of write() with O_DIRECT does not always
> assure an actual write. So there may be difference between O_DIRECT+O_SYNC
> and O_DIRECT+fsync(), but I think that is not very often.
> > What I did was to add O_DIRECT unconditionally for all uses of O_SYNC
> > and O_DSYNC, so it is automatically used in those cases.  And of course,
> > if your operating system doens't support O_DIRECT, it isn't used.
> I agree with your way, where O_DIRECT is automatically used. 
> I bet the combination of O_DIRECT and O_SYNC is always better than
> the case O_SYNC only used.
> ---
> ITAGAKI Takahiro
> NTT Cyber Space Laboratories

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  Bruce Momjian                        |               |  (610) 359-1001
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