On 3/6/07, Mike Rylander <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> wrote:
On 3/6/07, Peter Eisentraut <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> wrote: > Mike Rylander wrote: > > The patch adds support for default XML namespaces in xml2 by providing > > a mechanism for supplying a prefix to a named namespace URI. > > How does it support multiple namespaces in one document?It supports one default (unprefixed) namespace URI per document, which ISTM is the overwhelmingly common case (and the itch that I must scratch).
I think there is some confusion about what the current xml2 contrib module supports and what my patch adds. The current code, as it stands today, supports multiple namespaces just fine. The only requirement is that each namespace have a prefix, or else one is forced to use the local-name() construct with every single node for those nodes in unprefixed ("default") namespaces. This patch simply adds support for registering a prefix for an unprefixed namespace, which is an extremely common case in XML and causes the use of overly verbose contortions when designing XPath expressions. To illustrate this, xml2 currently supports all of these statements: SELECT xpath_nodeset('<x><y>foo</y></x>','/x/y'); SELECT xpath_nodeset('<x><a:y xmlns:a="uri:for:a">foo</a:y></x>','/x/a:y'); SELECT xpath_nodeset('<b:x xmlns:b="uri:for:b"><a:y xmlns:a="uri:for:a">foo</a:y></b:x>','/b:x/a:y'); All number and manner of /prefixed/ namespaces work fine today. However, in order to match an element or attribute with an unprefixed namespace, the xpath becomes a study in overly verbose, human error inducing repetition. For instance, consider the extremely common case of an xhtml document that does not use a prefix for the xhtml namespace. Using the xml2 contrib module as it stands today, without my patch, using XPath to get the title of the document might look something like this: /*[local-name()="html"]/*[local-name()="head"]/*[local-name()="title"] Now just imagine the XPath needed to get a portion of the body in a nested div based on the existence of some other node ... the logic gets lost in the noise simply because of the overhead of namespace-qualifying the elements. Namespaces were introduced in XML to address verbosity issues (among other things), but as XPath was designed primarily as a language for use inside XSLT (where namespace support is fully integrated) it didn't get the treatment needed to handle unprefixed namespaces. To address /that/ issue, my patch allows the registration of a supplied prefix for a supplied URI, which solves the common "default namespace" problem in a completely backward compatible way. The above example XPath can now become: /x:html/x:head/x:title simply by supplying 2 more arguments to the _ns version of any of the xpath_ functions available in xml2. I challenge anyone to claim that the [local-name()="foo] variant is easier to read and less error prone than the second, namespace-prefixed variant. They are exactly equivalent, but the second (quite obviously) is Better(tm). I understand that XML support is planned and at least partially implemented for 8.3, but many production instances will be unable (or, in fact, unwilling) to upgrade to 8.3 for quite some time. Because this patch is completely backward compatible it can (theoretically) be included in future 8.1 and 8.2 releases, and for those of us that need more full XML support in the short term the upgrade of a contrib module is probably a very viable option -- it is for me, anyway. So, to sum up, please let me know what I can do to increase the chances of getting this patch included. Alternatively, if my patch is being vetoed, please let me know that too so that I can create a local maintenance plan for this. Thanks in advance. I've attached the patch again for reference. -- Mike Rylander [EMAIL PROTECTED] GPLS -- PINES Development Database Developer http://open-ils.org
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