"Zaremba, Don" <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> writes:
> This does a full sequential scan
>       select id from details where begin_time > to_timestamp('03/08/25
> 18:30');

to_timestamp('foo') is not a constant, so the planner doesn't know how
much of the table this is going to select.  In the absence of that
knowledge, its default guess favors a seqscan.

> This uses the index
>       select id from details where begin_time > '03/08/25 18:30';

Here the planner can consult pg_stats to get a pretty good idea how
much of the table will be scanned; if the percentage is small enough
it will pick an indexscan.

There are various ways to deal with this --- one thing you might
consider is making a wrapper function for to_timestamp that is
marked "immutable", so that it will be constant-folded on sight.
That has potential gotchas if you want to put the query in a function
though.  Another tack is to make the query into a range query:
        where begin_time > ... AND begin_time < 'infinity';
See the archives for more discussion.

                        regards, tom lane

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