[EMAIL PROTECTED] ("scott.marlowe") writes:
> On Sun, 7 Sep 2003, Pailloncy Jean-Gérard wrote:
> Asking a question about why max(id) is so much slower than select id order
> by id desc limit 1, Pailloncy said:
>> I ask for the same thing. That's better !
> This is a Frequently asked question about something that isn't
> likely to change any time soon.
> Basically, Postgresql uses an MVCC locking system that makes
> massively parallel operation possible, but costs in certain areas,
> and one of those areas is aggregate performance over large sets.
> MVCC makes it very hard to optimize all but the simplest of
> aggregates, and even those optimzations which are possible would
> wind up being quite ugly at the parser level.
MVCC makes it difficult to optimize aggregates resembling COUNT(*) or
SUM(*), at least vis-a-vis having this available for a whole table
(e.g. - you have to be doing 'SELECT COUNT(*), SUM(SOMEFIELD) FROM
THIS_TABLE' with NO "WHERE" clause).
But there is nothing about MVCC that makes it particularly difficult
to handle the transformation:
select max(field) from some_table where another_field <
(which isn't particularly efficient) into
select field from some_table where another_field <
still_another_field order by field desc limit 1;
The problems observed are thus:
1. If the query asks for other data, it might be necessary to scan
the table to get the other data, making the optimization
2. If there's a good index to key on, the transformed version might
be a bunch quicker, but it is nontrivial to determine that, a
3. It would be a fairly hairy optimization to throw into the query
optimizer, so people are reluctant to try to do so.
Note that MVCC has _nothing_ to do with any of those three problems.
The MVCC-related point is that there is reluctance to create some
special case that will be troublesome to maintain instead of having
some comprehensive handling of _all_ aggregates. It seems a better
idea to "fix them all" rather than to kludge things up by fixing one
let name="cbbrowne" and tld="cbbrowne.com" in name ^ "@" ^ tld;;
Signs of a Klingon Programmer - 10. "A TRUE Klingon Warrior does not
comment his code!"
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TIP 9: the planner will ignore your desire to choose an index scan if your
joining column's datatypes do not match