Mitch Pirtle wrote:
On Mon, 13 Dec 2004 09:23:13 -0800, Joshua D. Drake

RAID 10 will typically always outperform RAID 5 with the same HD config.

Isn't RAID10 just RAID5 mirrored?  How does that speed up performance?
 Or am I missing something?

-- Mitch

Hi Mitch,

Nope, Raid 10 (one zero) is a mirror is stripes, no parity. with r10 you get the benefit of a full mirror which means your system does not need to calculate the XOR parity but you only get 50% disk usage. The mirror causes a slight write hit as the data needs to be split between two disk (or in this case, to striped pairs) but reads can be up to twice as fast (theoretically). By adding the stripe you negate the write hit and actually gain write performance because half the data goes to mirror A, half to mirror B (same with reads, roughly).

Raid 10 is a popular choice for software raid because of the reduced overhead. Raid 5 on the otherhand does require that a parity bit is calculated for every N-1 disks. With r5 you get N-1 disk usage (you get the combined capacity of 3 disks in a 4 disk r5 array) and still get the benefit of striping across the disks so long as you have a dedicated raid asic that can do the XOR calculations. Without it, specially in a failure state, the performance can collapse as the CPU performs all that extra math.



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