[EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:
The older 32bit RISC processors do have 64 bit registers, ALUs and
datapaths, and they are marketed toward high end scientific computing,
and you're claiming that such a processor is slower than one which has
the addition of 64 bit pointers added to it?
On Wed, Aug 24, 2005 at 02:47:09PM -0400, Alan Stange wrote:
At least on Sparc processors, v8 and newer, any double precision math
(including longs) is performed with a single instruction, just like for
a 32 bit datum. Loads and stores of 8 byte datums are also handled via
a single instruction. The urban myth that 64bit math is
different/better on a 64 bit processor is just that; yes, some lower
end processors would emulate/trap those instructions but that an
implementation detail, not architecture.
It isn't an urban myth that 64-bit math on a 64-bit processor is
faster, at least if done using registers. It definately is faster.
As an example, an UltraSparc running a 32 bit kernel+application will
have the same double precision floating point performance as one
running a 64bit kernel+application (except for the additional FP
registers in the 64bit API). For a function like daxpy, it's the exact
same hardware running the exact same instructions! So why do you think
the performance would be different?
I believe the IBM Power processors also upped everything to double
precision internally because of some details of the "multiply-add fused"
instructions. It's been a few years since I taught H&P to CS
undergrads, but I'm fairly sure the details are all the same for MIPS
processors as well.
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