ID: 12455
Updated by: jflemer
Old Status: Bogus
Status: Open
Bug Type: *Math Functions
Operating System: All
PHP Version: 4.0.4pl1, 4.0.6
New Comment:

OK, well can you check to see that microtime() is working for you? This script should 
print out 100.

$a = array();
for($i=0; $i<100; $i++)
  $a[((double)microtime()*1000000)]= 1;

echo count($a), "\n";

BTW, your most recent example (calling a "remote" script) is essentially the same as 
calling the local function pwd(). You still are re-seeding the PRNG with each time you 
call the function. In order to produce a pseudo-random sequence you should only seed 
the PRNG once. This is a hard thing to do in the case where you generate one random 
number from the sequence per execution.

Here is something that works for me even though I call the srand() function inside the 
function (though the randomness is probably pretty poor). You might be able to adapt 
it in some way for your use. The idea here is that once you shuffle the array once, 
you use that as the starting point for the next shuffle.

$pass_array = 

function pwd(&$pass_array) {
  srand ((double)microtime()*1000000);
  $password = '';
  for ($i=0; $i<6; $i++) { $password .= $pass_array[$i]; }
  return $password;

$a = array();
for($i=0; $i<500; $i++) {
        $a[pwd($pass_array)] = 1;

echo count($a), "\n";

This is not a *bug* (IMHO). This is a problem with your script, you might want to try 
this discussion on [EMAIL PROTECTED] and see if people have more suggestions 
for you.

Previous Comments:

[2001-07-31 10:20:27] [EMAIL PROTECTED]

Ok, here's sample code that should wake you up. The problem 
occurs even when srand is only called once / page load.

Create two PHP pages:


$password = "";
$array = 
srand ((double)microtime()*1000000);
for ($i=0; $i<6; $i++) { $password .= $array[$i]; }
echo $password;?>


while($i<100) {
        $file = fopen ("http://localhost/password.php";, "r");
    $password = fgets ($file, 128);
    $a[$password] = $password;
echo "Count: " . count($a);

Then load the load100times.php in your browser. The result 
should be 100 but is still 4 on the machines I'm testing 
on. I'm assuming srand is not ment to be run only once / 
server start?


[2001-07-31 10:00:28] [EMAIL PROTECTED]

Try moving your srand() call outside of the pwd() function. That should fix it. The 
posted script returns 4 for me on Solaris 5.8, and 500 when I move the srand() outside 
of pwd().

srand() should only be called *once*.

Reopen this if that does not fix it.


[2001-07-30 06:25:27] [EMAIL PROTECTED]

The same problem also occurs on PHP 4.0.6 on Darwin/PPC. 
System info:

PHP Version 4.0.6
System: Darwin localhost 1.3.7 Darwin Kernel Version 1.3.7: 
Sat Jun  9 11:12:48 PDT 2001; 
root:xnu/xnu-124.13.obj~1/RELEASE_PPC  Power Macintosh 
Configure Command   './configure' '--with-mysql=/usr/local' 
'--with-apxs=/usr/sbin/apxs' '--with-zlib=/usr'
Server API: Apache
Apache Version: Apache/1.3.20


[2001-07-30 05:17:09] [EMAIL PROTECTED]

A friend tried to run the test code on his machine and also 
got 4 as a result. This is a Linux machine so my original 
guess of this being Solaris specific isn't true. The only 
real common denominator seems to be the PHP version? I'm 
trying to get an upgrade to see if this is happening under 

Here's more info on the two servers this is occuring on:

PHP Version: 4.0.4pl1

Linux 2.2.14 #2 SMP Tue Mar 14 14:42:34 PST 2000 
i686 unknown
Configure Command:  './configure' 
'--with-apxs=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs' '--with-xml' 
'--with-mcrypt' '--with-mysql' '--enable-track-vars'
Server API: Apache

System: SunOS 5.8 Generic_108528-02 sun4u sparc 
Configure Command:      './configure' 
'--with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql' '--with-ldap=/usr/local' 
'--with-db3=/usr/local/BerkeleyDB.3.2' '--with-gd=../gd1.5' 
'--with-ttf=/usr/local' '--enable-wddx'


[2001-07-29 16:41:51] [EMAIL PROTECTED]

Well, when I run that code I get 4, not 500. Upping the 
number of iterations doesn't help. I think the problem is 
with the particular build (extension/OS combination). Any 
way to debug this?


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