Bob McConnell wrote:
> From: Philip Thompson
>> During a socket read, why would all the requested number of bytes not
>> get sent? For example, I request 1000 bytes:
>> <?php
>> $data = @socket_read ($socket, 2048, PHP_BINARY_READ);
>> ?>
>> This is actually in a loop, so I can get all the data if split up. So,
>> for example, here's how the data split up in 3 iterations (for 1000  
>> bytes):
>> 650 bytes
>> 200 bytes
>> 150 bytes
>> But if I can accept up to 2048 bytes per socket read, why would it not
>> pull all 1000 bytes initially in 1 step? Any thoughts on this would be
>> greatly appreciated!
> Because that's the way TCP/IP works, by design. TCP is a stream
> protocol. It guarantees all of the bytes written to one end of the pipe
> will come out the other end in the same order, but not necessarily in
> the same groupings. There are a number of buffers along the way that
> might split them up, as well as limits on packet sizes in the various
> networks it passed through. So you get what is available in the last
> buffer when a timer expires, no more, and no less.
> If you have serialized data that needs to be grouped in specific blocks,
> your application will need to keep track of those blocks, reassembling
> or splitting the streamed data as necessary. You could use UDP which
> does guarantee that packets will be kept together, but that protocol
> doesn't guarantee delivery.

I'm not sure this has much to do with the OP's problem, but this part is
backwards.  TCP is connection oriented and tracks segments by sequence
number for each connection.  This enables the stack to pass the data in
order to the higher layers.  UDP is connectionless and has no way to
determine what datagram was sent before the other one, so it is up to
the higher layers to reassemble.  As for IP in general, if packets need
to be fragmented along the way by a router in order to fit the MTU of a
different network, then the IP stack on the receiving end will
reassemble the fragments based upon information that the router injects
into the fragments.


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