Tommy Pham wrote: > On Wed, Mar 31, 2010 at 4:06 AM, Nathan Rixham <nrix...@gmail.com> wrote: >> Tommy Pham wrote: >>> As for spatial data types, I've never find much use for non scientific >>> related. (example) If using point as a PK, if MySQL stores it the >>> same way as PostgreSQL which is 16 bytes, how is that any different - >>> performance wise - than using UUID and storing it as binary(16) for >>> MySQL or uniqueidentifier (16 bytes) for PostgreSQL? >>> >> it's all about the indexing (R-Tree) >> >> http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R-tree >> > > I can see where the performance would be between B-Tree vs R-Tree for > the same field size but I've yet to see real life application of it. > Case in point, if using point for GPS data coordinates, then wouldn't > it still be a lot better to use Lon (float), Lat (float) which is 2 > fields of 4 bytes each vs 1 field of 16 bytes? The index would still > be faster (8 bytes less) in B-Tree right? Not to mention smaller row > & DB size.
wish I still had an application to point you at; and I can't assert in any other way just how much faster it is; especially over large datasets - regardless of the amount of rows the style of index doesn't slow (spatial) queries down. if index byte size is of importance then negate spatial indexes (which are rather a lot bigger). regardless though, it was just an idea I was throwing at you, not suggesting it's the best approach, but worth consideration depending on your priorities. As for calculating the distance between 2 'points', it > would be simpler for querying purposes to use 'point'. ATM, I don't > have need to do any such calculations. If I do use 'point' for PK, > I'd run into problems with scaling and migration later. the points don't matter tbh; or should i say specifying an x and a y doesn't matter, because you can simply get by a single id, or get a range of ids very quickly; the other value comes in to play when you want temporal queries. again though, i reiterate only useful if you want speed and don't care about index bytesize - and certainly not forcing it down your neck. re scaling.. unsure theoretically you have 15 digit precision which is a mysql DOUBLE/REAL, and that's for each value in the pair, so an almost incomprehensible number of rows are possible before a collision. all in all: there are many good reasons why I've only used this on occassion (specifically when dealing with 1 million+ rows in an RDBMS table); and many more good reasons why i stick to non-rdbms databases and use http uri's + eav model data only nowadays. The latter i would advocate, the former not so unless you are stuck w/ mysql postgres - in which case you can't get faster.   get some numbers to prove when i have time. Nathan -- PHP General Mailing List (http://www.php.net/) To unsubscribe, visit: http://www.php.net/unsub.php