> For example, I have a relation (rel nm (+Ref +String)) which I want to
> change to (rel nm (+Sn +Idx +String)). Is there an way of reindexing
> the relation?
Yes. In "lib/too.l" there is a function 'rebuild'. It takes a list of
objects and a relation specification.
The tricky thing is how to get the list of objects.
The easiest (and typical) case is that you can locate those objects via
another relation. Let's say that you also have a numeric key on those
objects (rel nr (+Key +String)):
(rebuild (collect 'nr '+Cls) 'nm '+Cls)
In other cases, you may collect the relevant objects via Links from
Or, you can use the 'nm' property itself. Then you must first start with
the old db model (+Ref +String), save a list of all objects:
(out "saved" (println (collect 'nm '+Cls)))
Then start with the new model (+Sn +Idx +String) and load the list
(rebuild (in "saved" (read)) 'nm '+Cls)
> Also, is there a way of "garbage collect" the whole db file(s)
> including blobs to get rid of stale objects?
The function 'dbgc' does this (also in "lib/too.l").
It should not be called, however, while other processes or users are
operating on the db.
We usually start it once per night in a cron job, which does also other
things like consistency checks and backups. A typical "crontab" line
looks like this
12 1 * * * ./p lib/http.l -'client "localhost" 8080 (pack "app/back.l?*PW="
with "app/back.l" containing
(unless (= *PW (pw)) # Check 'pw' to avoid illegal accesses
(quit "back.l" *PW) )
(prinl "+ Backup " (stamp))
(tell 'bye 2) # Terminate all other possibly running child
(when (lock) # Get an exclusive lock
(quit "Can't lock DB" @) )
(for (F . @) *Dbs # Do a low-level db check
(when (dbck F)
(quit "DB Check" (cons F @)) ) )
(call "sh" "-c" "tar cfz app$(date +%a).tgz db/app/ blob/app/")
(call "sh" "-c" "cp -p app$(date +%a).tgz app$(date +%b%y).tgz")
(when (dbgc) # Garbage collection
(println 'dbgc @) )
(prinl "- Backup " (stamp)) )
If a nightly cronjob for garbage collection is not an option (perhaps
because the server must be available 24/7), there is also a concurrent
garbage collector in "lib/conDbgc.l". You can simply start it from your
main program (e.g. in the 'go' function) as
and it will slowly collect garbage at a low rate (may takes days or
weeks for a large database).
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