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commit 8c037285c54b5e49274942c5a43ea3e247284d6f
Author: Bas Couwenberg <>
Date:   Sun Jun 7 17:27:26 2015 +0200

    Imported Upstream version 2.3.4
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 LICENSE.TXT        |  23 ++
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+                       Version 3, 29 June 2007
+ Copyright (C) 2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc. <>
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diff --git a/COPYINGv3 b/COPYINGv3
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..94a9ed0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/COPYINGv3
@@ -0,0 +1,674 @@
+                    GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
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+  Nothing in this License shall be construed as excluding or limiting
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+copy of the Program in return for a fee.
+                     END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS
+            How to Apply These Terms to Your New Programs
+  If you develop a new program, and you want it to be of the greatest
+possible use to the public, the best way to achieve this is to make it
+free software which everyone can redistribute and change under these terms.
+  To do so, attach the following notices to the program.  It is safest
+to attach them to the start of each source file to most effectively
+state the exclusion of warranty; and each file should have at least
+the "copyright" line and a pointer to where the full notice is found.
+    <one line to give the program's name and a brief idea of what it does.>
+    Copyright (C) <year>  <name of author>
+    This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
+    it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+    the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
+    (at your option) any later version.
+    This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+    GNU General Public License for more details.
+    You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+    along with this program.  If not, see <>.
+Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail.
+  If the program does terminal interaction, make it output a short
+notice like this when it starts in an interactive mode:
+    <program>  Copyright (C) <year>  <name of author>
+    This program comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details type `show w'.
+    This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it
+    under certain conditions; type `show c' for details.
+The hypothetical commands `show w' and `show c' should show the appropriate
+parts of the General Public License.  Of course, your program's commands
+might be different; for a GUI interface, you would use an "about box".
+  You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or school,
+if any, to sign a "copyright disclaimer" for the program, if necessary.
+For more information on this, and how to apply and follow the GNU GPL, see
+  The GNU General Public License does not permit incorporating your program
+into proprietary programs.  If your program is a subroutine library, you
+may consider it more useful to permit linking proprietary applications with
+the library.  If this is what you want to do, use the GNU Lesser General
+Public License instead of this License.  But first, please read
new file mode 100644
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--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+$LastChangedDate: 2013-11-24 09:26:07 -1000 (Sun, 24 Nov 2013) $
+$Revision: 594 $
+As of GSHHG 2.2.2, GSHHG is distributed under the GNU Lesser General Public
+License (LGPL) version 3 or later. Copies of the The GNU General Public
+License (GPL) and the GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) are
+distributed along with the sources. Refer to the files COPYINGv3 and
+Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute (with no more than a
+reasonable redistribution fee) this data and its documentation for
+any purpose is hereby granted, provided that the above copyright notice
+appear in all copies, that both that copyright notice and this
+permission notice appear in supporting documentation, and that the name
+of GSHHG not be used in advertising or publicity pertaining to
+distribution of the software without specific, written prior permission.
+ The GSHHG package may be included in a bundled distribution of software
+for which a fee may be charged. The University of Hawaii (UH) and the
+National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) make no
+representations about the suitability of this software for any purpose. 
+It is provided "as is" without expressed or implied warranty.  It is
+provided with no support and without obligation on the part of UH or
+NOAA, to assist in its use, correction, modification, or enhancement.
diff --git a/README.TXT b/README.TXT
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--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,256 @@
+$LastChangedDate: 2014-12-30 10:20:36 -1000 (Tue, 30 Dec 2014) $
+$Revision: 622 $
+Global Self-consistent Hierarchical High-resolution Geography, GSHHG
+                Version 2.3.4 Jan 1, 2015
+         Distributed under the Lesser GNU Public License
+Corrected formatting error in the binary versions of the borders
+and rivers files.  Added "Lake" Maelaren (Sweden) to the coastline
+which reverted 11 "lakes" to their proper status as islands.
+Earlier GSHHG Version-specific comments:
+Version 2.3.3 Nov 2014:
+Removed the obsolete Saudi-Kuwait Neutral Zone diamond-shaped border
+and replaced with something resembling what Google Earth shows.
+Version 2.3.2 August 2014:
+Removed several internal crossovers for the two new Antarctica
+polygons.  All other polygons are unchanged.
+Version 2.3.1 July 2014:
+Updated to include Peter I Island near Antarctica which had gone
+missing during the switch to the Antarctica data source for 2.3.0.
+Version 2.3.0 Feb 2014:
+This data set consists of three related components:
+GSHHS: Global Self-consistent Hierarchical High-resolution Shorelines:
+       These originate as individual polygons at five different
+       resolutions.  The ocean-land shorelines derive from WVS (World
+       Vector Shoreline project) [Soluri and Woodson, 1990] while the
+       polygons for lakes, islands-in-lakes, and ponds-in-islands-
+       in-lakes derive from WDBII [Gorny, 1977], which is a much older
+       and lower-quality data product.  Our compilation combines these
+       data into a self-consistent product; see Wessel and Smith [1996]
+       for processing details.  Over the years we have manually added
+       new data in areas that were poorly represented in the original
+       data set; however, as users zoom in closely they can see that
+       the old data may in places be mis-registered relative to recent
+       data such as used in Google Earth.
+AC:    Starting with release 2.3.0 we have replaced the poor Antarctica
+       polygon and associated islands with newer and more accurate
+       data from Bohlander and Scambos (2007) via Atlas of the Cryosphere.
+       This lets us consider two polygon: ice-line and grounding line.
+       New processing was needed to allow a run-time switch on which
+       polygon to use (since it changes how many islands to include).
+       Antarctic ice-front polygons are given level 5 while Antarctic
+       grounding-line polygons are given level 6. Non-GMT users of these
+       data should skip one of these two levels are reset the other one
+       to level = 1.  The next GMT5 release 5.2.0 will allow users to
+       select their Antarctica coastline while older versions will simply
+       use the ice-front line as the single Antarctica coastline; the
+       grounding line data are not visible to those versions.
+WDBII: CIA World Data Bank II lineaments for borders and rivers.
+       Over the years, political boundaries have changed and we have
+       updated these to reflect realities based on feedback from our
+       users. As mentioned above, WDBII is also used for lakes.
+GSHHG is distributed in several representations:
+       1. The binary and shapefile distributions provide the complete
+          GSHHS polygons and WDBII lineaments in their five resolutions
+          (i.e., after our full processing), and differ only in the
+          file formats (native binary data files versus standard GIS
+          shapefiles).  These distributions are normally used by
+          users interested to use these data outside the standard
+          GMT-based environment, or GMT users who wish to access the
+          whole GSHHS polygons.
+       2. The netCDF distribution provides specially processed netCDF
+          representations of GSHHS and WDBII where the polygons and
+          lines have been subdivided and indexed to deliver rapid map-
+          making for GMT.  Users who wish to access GSHHG outside of
+          GMT are advised to use the binary and shapefile version of
+          the actual polygons as there is no user documentation for
+          how to access the netCDF files.
+Many thanks to Tom Kratzke, Metron Inc., for patiently testing
+many draft versions of GSHHS and reporting inconsistencies such as
+erratic data points and crossings.
+Bohlander, J. and T. Scambos. 2007. Antarctic coastlines and grounding line
+       derived from MODIS Mosaic of Antarctica (MOA), Boulder, Colorado USA:
+       National Snow and Ice Data Center.
+Gorny, A. J. (1977), World Data Bank II General User GuideRep. PB 271869,
+       10pp, Central Intelligence Agency, Washington, DC.
+Soluri, E. A., and V. A. Woodson (1990), World Vector Shoreline,
+       Int. Hydrograph. Rev., LXVII(1), 27–35.
+Wessel, P., and W. H. F. Smith (1996), A global, self-consistent, hierarchical,
+       high-resolution shoreline database, J. Geophys. Res., 101(B4), 
+Earlier GSHHG Version-specific comments:
+Version 2.2.4 Nov 2013: We added three missing lakes (Mono, Trinity,
+and Isabella) in California, plus two islands in Lake Mono. Also found
+a bug in polygon_consistency that failed to find some spikes (~20-25
+polygons affected), as well as an incorrect lake in Antarctica.
+Version 2.2.3 July 2013: We eliminated ~120 spikes (< 2m thick excursions)
+from a few dozen full resolution polygons. Also fixed an old mistake
+in Baffin Island in all but the crude resolution; this also converted
+two mislabeled "lakes" into islands in the full and high resolution data.
+Version 2.2.2 January 2013: We have removed Sandy Island, Coral Sea
+(non feature), shifted Society Island polygons ~1 arc minute to the west,
+and replaced Mehetia Island with better data.  Furthermore, 50 islands
+that were imprecise duplicates of more accurate WVS features were removed.
+Apart from the Agalega islands, these duplicates were mostly found in
+the Red Sea, the Persian Gulf, and in the Cook-Austral region.  GSHHG is
+now released under the lesser GNU License, v3 or any earlier version.
+Version 2.2.1 July 2012: We have renamed the product GSHHG since it
+contains more than just shorelines (we distribute political boundaries
+and rivers as well).  The GSHHG building and distribution is now
+fully decoupled from GMT.  We have also changed the name of the
+netCDF files for GMT to use the more standard extension *.nc.
+Furthermore, the packages have been renamed for clarity and follow
+the form gshhg-{gmt,bin,shp}-<version>.{tar,zip}
+There are no significant changes to the actual data features, other
+than a glitch in SA-NT border in Australia and removal of 7 zero-length
+border segments.  Following the rebranding to GSHHG the names of the
+distribution files have changed as well.
+Version 2.2.0 July 2011: The area of small (< 0.1 km^2) polygons
+got truncated to 0.  This would cause gshhs to consider them
+as lines (borders or rivers) instead of polygons.  Furthermore,
+the areas were recomputed using the WGS-84 ellipsoid as the previous
+area values were based on a spherical calculation.  Thanks to
+José Luis García Pallero for pointing this out.  We now store
+the area with a magnitude scale tuned to each polygon.  Also, the
+greenwich flag is now a 2-bit flag composed of 1 (crosses Greenwich),
+2 (crosses Dateline), 3 (both) or 0 (no such crossing).  See gshhs.[ch] for
+details.  Finally, the binary gshhs files now store Antarctica in
+-180/+180 range so as to avoid a jump when dumped to ASCII.
+Also, the WDBII shapefiles  only had the first 3 levels of rivers;
+version 2.2.0 has all 11.  Finally, to be able to detect the river-lake
+features in the WDBII binary files we set the river flag to 1 if a closed 
+Version 2.1.1 March 2011: Relatively minor fixes to low-resolution
+polygons, including editing errors introduced in v 2.1, removing
+a few spikes from 4-5 polygons, and fixing Germany-Poland border
+near the Baltic Sea.
+Version 2.1 July 2010: Fixes lack of river-lake flag in the binary
+and shapefile release.  Shapefile polygons of level = 2 and with a
+negative area are river-lakes.  Also include WDBII border and river
+data as shapefiles.
+version 2.0 July 15, 2009: Differs from the previous version 1.x in
+the following ways.
+1.  Free from internal and external crossings and erratic spikes
+    at all five resolutions.
+2.  The original Eurasiafrica polygon has been split into Eurasia
+    (polygon # 0) and Africa (polygon # 1) along the Suez canal.
+3.  The original Americas polygon has now been split into North
+    America (polygon # 2) and South America (polygon # 3) along
+    the Panama canal.
+4.  Antarctica is now polygon # 4 and Australia is polygon # 5, in
+    all the five resolutions.
+5.  Fixed numerous problems, including missing islands and lakes
+    in the Amazon and Nile deltas.
+6.  Flagged "riverlakes" which are the fat part of major rivers so
+    they may easily be identified by users.
+7.  Determined container ID for all polygons (== -1 for level 1
+    polygons) which is the ID of the polygon that contains a smaller
+    polygon.
+8.  Determined full-resolution ancestor ID for lower res polygons,
+    i.e., the ID of the polygon that was reduced to yield the lower-
+    res version.
+9.  Ensured consistency across resolutions (i.e., a feature that is
+    an island at full resolution should not become a lake in low!).
+10. Sorted tables on level, then on the area of each feature.
+11. Made sure no feature is missing in one resolution but
+    present in the next lower resolution.
+12. Store both the actual area of the lower-res polygons and the
+    area of the full-resolution ancestor so users may exclude fea-
+    tures that represent less that a fraction of the original full
+    area.
+There was some duplication and wrong levels assigned to maritime
+political boundaries in the Persian Gulf that has been fixed.
+These changes required us to enhance the GSHHG C-structure used to
+read and write the data.  As of version 2.0 the header structure is
+struct GSHHG {  /* Global Self-consistent Hierarchical High-resolution 
Shorelines */
+        int id;         /* Unique polygon id number, starting at 0 */
+        int n;          /* Number of points in this polygon */
+        int flag;       /* = level + version << 8 + greenwich << 16 + source 
<< 24 + river << 25 */
+        /* flag contains 5 items, as follows:
+         * low byte:    level = flag & 255: Values: 1 land, 2 lake, 3 
island_in_lake, 4 pond_in_island_in_lake
+         * 2nd byte:    version = (flag >> 8) & 255: Values: Should be 12 for 
GSHHG release 12 (i.e., version 2.2)
+         * 3rd byte:    greenwich = (flag >> 16) & 1: Values: Greenwich is 1 
if Greenwich is crossed
+         * 4th byte:    source = (flag >> 24) & 1: Values: 0 = CIA WDBII, 1 = 
+         * 4th byte:    river = (flag >> 25) & 1: Values: 0 = not set, 1 = 
river-lake and level = 2
+         */
+        int west, east, south, north;   /* min/max extent in micro-degrees */
+        int area;       /* Area of polygon in 1/10 km^2 */
+        int area_full;  /* Area of original full-resolution polygon in 1/10 
km^2 */
+        int container;  /* Id of container polygon that encloses this polygon 
(-1 if none) */
+        int ancestor;   /* Id of ancestor polygon in the full resolution set 
that was the source of this polygon (-1 if none) */
+Some useful information:
+A) To avoid headaches the binary files were written to be big-endian.
+   If you use the GMT supplement gshhg it will check for endian-ness and if 
needed will
+   byte swab the data automatically. If not then you will need to deal with 
this yourself.
+B) In addition to GSHHS we also distribute the files with political boundaries 
+   river lines.  These derive from the WDBII data set.
+C) As to the best of our knowledge, the GSHHG data are geodetic longitude, 
+   locations on the WGS-84 ellipsoid.  This is certainly true of the WVS data 
(the coastlines).
+   Lakes, riverlakes (and river lines and political borders) came from the 
WDBII data set
+   which may have been on WGS072.  The difference in ellipsoid is way less 
then the data
+   uncertainties.  Offsets have been noted between GSHHG and modern GPS 
+D) Originally, the gshhs_dp tool was used on the full resolution data to 
produce the lower
+   resolution versions.  However, the Douglas-Peucker algorithm often produce 
polygons with
+   self-intersections as well as create segments that intersect other 
polygons.  These problems
+   have been corrected in the GSHHG lower resolutions over the years.  If you 
use gshhs_dp to
+   generate your own lower-resolution data set you should expect these 
+E) The shapefiles release was made by formatting the GSHHG data using the 
extended GMT/GIS
+   metadata understood by OGR, then using ogr2ogr to build the shapefiles.  
Each resolution
+   is stored in its own subdirectory (e.g., f, h, i, l, c) and each level 
(1-4) appears in
+   its own shapefile.  Thus, GSHHS_h_L3.shp contains islands in lakes for the 
high res
+   data. Because of GIS limitations some polygons that straddle the Dateline 
+   Antarctica) have been split into two parts (east and west).
+F) The netcdf-formatted coastlines distributed with GMT derives directly from 
GSHHG; however
+   the polygons have been broken into segments within tiles.  These files are 
not meant
+   to be used by users other than via GMT tools (pscoast, grdlandmask, etc).
+Paul Wessel     Primary contact:
+Walter H. F. Smith
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