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Civic Media Association
Moscow saw on 9th May 2005 huge celebrations of victory against Nazi
Germany. But many Europeans considered that the phrase "Stalin
liberated Europe" lacks it's continuation "and imposed the comunist
rule in the Eastern Europe". Celebration of 9th May in Moscow
acknowledged only partially the sufferings of European people.
Ribbentrop Molotov Pact represents the roots of European destruction
during the 20th century.
Signed on 23 August 1939, Ribbentrop Molotov Pact had an Additional
Protocol which stated that:
Article I. In the event of a territorial and political rearrangement
in the areas belonging to the Baltic States (Finland, Estonia,
Latvia, Lithuania), the northern boundary of Lithuania shall
represent the boundary of the spheres of influence of Germany and
U.S.S.R. In this connection the interest of Lithuania in the Vilna
area is recognized by each party.
Article II. In the event of a territorial and political rearrangement
of the areas belonging to the Polish state, the spheres of influence
of Germany and the U.S.S.R. shall be bounded approximately by the
line of the rivers Narev, Vistula and San.
The question of whether the interests of both parties make desirable
the maintenance of an independent Polish States and how such a state
should be bounded can only be definitely determined in the course of
further political developments.
In any event both Governments will resolve this question by means of
a friendly agreement.
Article III. With regard to Southeastern Europe attention is called
by the Soviet side to its interest in Bessarabia. The German side
declares its complete political disinteredness in these areas.
Article IV. This protocol shall be treated by both parties as
As a consequence of Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact, signed by the fascist
Germany and Stalinist USSR, entire countries or territories belonging
to East European countries have been occupied by force by the Soviet
Red Army, and incorporated in USSR.
Not only the Baltic States and Eastern Poland entered the Stalinist
rule, but also Bessarabia, Bukovina and Hertza Region, all former
Romanian provinces. Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact assured Hitler of USSR
neutrality, paving the way for his agression in the Western Europe.
Ribbentrop Molotov Pact broke all international rules and made
possible the ascendence of nazi and stalinist tyrany in Europe. In
spite of this, the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact has not yet been denounced
nor annulled by Germany, Russia and Ukraine, the main heirs of
Yalta conference in February 1945 set the borders between the free
world and the soviet empire. Before this conference UK prime minister
Winston Churchill met Stalin in Moscow on 9 October 1944. Churchill
recalls this meeting as follows (Triumph & Tragedy, Houghton Mifflin,
Boston, 1953, page 226):
"We alighted at Moscow on the afternoon of October 9... At ten
o'clock that night we held our first important meeting at the
Kremlin. There were only Stalin, Molotov, Eden, and I... The moment
was apt for business, so I said, "Let us settle about our affairs in
the Balkans. Your armies are in Rumania and Bulgaria. We have
interests, missions and agents there. Don't let us get at cross-
purposes in small ways. So far as Britain and Russia are concerned,
how would it do for you to have ninety per cent predominance in
Rumania, for us to have ninety per cent of the say in Greece, and go
fifty-fifty about Yugoslavia?" While this was being translated I
wrote out on a half-sheet of paper:
--- Russia ---------- 90 %
--- The others ----- 10 %
--- Great Britain--- 90 % (in accord with U.S.A.)
--- Russia ---------- 10 %
Yugoslavia --------- 50-50 %
Hungary ----------- 50-50 %
--- Russia ---------- 75 %
--- The others ----- 25 %
I pushed this across to Stalin, who had by then heard the
translation. There was a slight pause. Then he took his blue pencil
and made a large tick upon it, and passed it back to us. It was
settled in no more time than it takes to set down..."
Recent political events entitle us to hope for a change in the
attitude towards the roots of evil in Europe. Georgia's President
Mikhail Saakashvili asked recently for a new Yalta conference in
order to establish new foundations for a new Europe. Latvia's
Parliament passed a bill asking Moscow to acknowledge it's moral,
legal and financial responsability for the stalinist crimes.
U.S. President George W. Bush said on May 7 in Latvia that the 1945
Yalta agreement had led to "one of the greatest wrongs of history," -
when the Soviet Union imposed its harsh rule on Central and Eastern
Europe. "We will not repeat the mistakes of other generations,
appeasing or excusing tyranny, and sacrificing freedom in the vain
pursuit of stability," the president said. "We have learned our
lesson; no one's liberty is expendable. In the long run, our security
and true stability depend on the freedom of others."
Therefore we are asking:
The leaders of Germany, Russia and Ukraine to denounce and recognize
the annulment of the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact as a small compensation
for the injustice that all the Eastern European countries suffered.
The leaders of all European countries to support a new Yalta
conference to establish a Europe without tyrants.
Civic Media Association
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