Ola de novo. Xa sei que dixen que ia traducir algo polo veran, pero por circunstancias que non tiven en conta cando o dixen non vou poder traducir tanto. Pode ser que faga algo cara a fin do veran. Polo de agora puxenme con dous howtos porque as versions non saen todolos dias e podo traballar mais a modo. Tamen estou ca GPL. Ademais baixei o apendice para engadir ao final do documento, que hai en Trasno e modifiqueino un pouquiño porque creo que non estaba completo (traductores, as datas de traduccion, nome orixinal, version traducida, etc.). Xa volo enviarei para que opinedes ou critiquedes. Cando remate con todo isto poderiase actualizar a seccion da documentacion, porque non se pode baixar ningun howto da paxina de trasno (ainda que se se vai ao LDP ainda se poden baixar dende ali). Tamen se poderia actualizar o apendice destas traduccions vellas ainda que sexan vellas, porque os enderezos xa non existen e a informacion e dos tempos de GzLiNuX. Falando de GzLiNuX acordoume GALINUX. ¿Esta revista tivo algo que ver con GzLiNuX? ¿Por que desapareceu? Nin sequera se rematou o primeiro numero. Traiovos mais dubidas. Estas corresponden a actualizacion da traduccion do Linux Partition mini-Howto, que agora se chama Linux Partition Howto. A primeira traduccion fixoa Manuel A. Fernandez Montecelo (perdoade, pero teño problemas cos tiles) o 5 de novembro do 1999 e daquela o mini-Howto estaba abandonado (a ultima revision fixerase o 3 de novembro do 1997). O 1 de maio do 2000 outra persoa volveu a ocuparse do mini-howto pero engadindolle unha chea de cousas novas co que pasou a ser un howto (eu diria que case duplicou o tamaño). Asi e todo a anterior traduccion de Manuel A. Fernandez Montecelo axudoume moito (Moitas Gracias), pero non conseguin traducir todo. Aqui tedes as pouquiñas dubidas que me quedaron:



Dubidas tontas, ou non tanto:

Particionar?? ¿As copias de seguridade diferenciais tamen se chaman completas?




A primeira parte (antes de //) e a traduccion que se me ocorreu pero que creo que non e a mais axeitada. A segunda e a frase orixinal:

conxunto de bloques contiguos //contiguous set of blocks Observacións //Constraints ficheiros falsos //phoney files co que conseguirás un disco que non se pode usar //, which will render the drive unusable sistemas de ficheiros alleos //foreign filesystems poden subparticionarse //could be subpartitioned pratos //platters [falan de discos duros] particionado //partitioned inodos asignados //allocated inodes




Frases (ou palabras) en ingles que non souben traducir:

Encapsulate your data a partition you stand to lose Runaway processes bookkeeping operations partitions mustnt overlap other spooky stuff gnu partition editor sfdisk: a command-line version of fdisk cfdisk: a curses-based version of fdisk How to estimate the various size and speed requirements for different parts of the filesystem. Instructions and considerations regarding disks with more than 1024 cylinders. Instructions on limiting disk space usage per user (quotas). How to restore linux partitions after they have been deleted by a Windows install. Does not appear to preserve data. Instructions on integrating Linux into an IBM ADSM backup environment. Information about MS-DOS driven Linux backups. Instructions on writing and submitting a HOWTO document. Naming Convention IDE controller naming convention Under linux, there is only wailing and gnashing of teeth. Lower SCSI ID numbers are assigned lower-order letters, so if you remove one drive from the chain, the names of the higher ID number drives will change. If you have two SCSI controllers in your linux box, you will need to examine the output of /bin/dmesg in order to see what name each drive was assigned. If you remove one of two controllers, the remaining controller might have all its drives renamed. Grrr... There are two work-arounds; both involve using a program to put a label on each partition. You then refer to the partition directly or indirectly by label. For the sake of completeness, see Kristian's discussion of device numbers below. its major and minor device numbers major device number minor device number each partition is labeled to host a certain class of filesystem Foreign Partition Types (you can't figure out what they should be) particular to a given operating system skirt set of in-memory pages which will be referenced by the processor in the very near future is called a "working set". free up RAM It effectively increases Expect performance to drop by approximately the ratio between memory access speed and disk access speed. If memory becomes so scarce that the kernel pages out from the working set of one process in order to page in for another, the machine is said to be thrashing. Some readers might have inadvertenly experienced this: the hard drive is grinding away like crazy, but the computer is slow to the point of being unusable see the the discussion Boot Drive Discussion Boot Partition a version of lilo before 21-3 (ie, from the 1990s) the boot partition need only contain the kernel image. than one boot partition or a means other than lilo loading your kernel Unless you swap to files you will need a dedicated swap partition You need a swap partition or more. 8 total (across drives) are permitted. your mail spool spool directories such as those for mail and printing This is where most executable binaries go. In addition, the kernel source tree goes here, and much documentation. if you run computationally intensive jobs, like science or engineering applications, hundreds of megabytes could be required for brief periods of time quotas /boot This is where your kernel images go. See discussion above for placement on old systems. expect to change backup media for the weekly/monthly full dump - no unattended operation possible A general rule of thumb the RAM and the swap add up A very old rule of thumb in the days of the PDP and the Vax the size of the working set of a program working set a large data set that is accessed in a very random fashion would have almost no noticeable locality of reference in its data segment, so its working set would be quite large. an xv with many simultaneously opened JPEGs, all but one iconified, would have a very large data segment. But image transformations are all done on one single image, most of the memory occupied by xv is never touched. a very high locality of reference and large parts of them can be kept swapped out without too severe performance impact. I know of no newer papers that try to verify these numbers. It follows then that writing swap writing fdisk at the command prompt it could be not physically accurate, but you can accept it as though it were. see 4 for discussion on problems with that calculation. The overview the shell prompt bootable on my SCSI chain boot unit stuff I type is bold even big RPM based ones [fala das distribucions de Linux] I HIGHLY suggest putting quite a few up you have run out of luck If you underestimate, there will be much wailing and gnashing of teeth grep out the block count [creo que fala de usalo grep] you underestimated Mike Vevea, jedi sys admin and MGH's finest At the shell prompt for set up a swap partition for enable the swap area journaling file system network file system discussion the files come in any size that's why ext2 tries to preallocate space in units of 8 contiguous blocks for growing files.





Ola de novo. Xa sei que dixen que ia traducir algo polo veran, pero por circunstancias que non tiven en conta cando o dixen non vou poder traducir tanto. Pode ser que faga algo cara a fin do veran. Polo de agora puxenme con dous howtos porque as versions non saen todolos dias e podo traballar mais a modo. Tamen estou ca GPL. Ademais baixei o apendice para engadir ao final do documento, que hai en Trasno e modifiqueino un pouquiño porque creo que non estaba completo (traductores, as datas de traduccion, nome orixinal, version traducida, etc.). Xa volo enviarei para que opinedes ou critiquedes. Cando remate con todo isto poderiase actualizar a seccion da documentacion, porque non se pode baixar ningun howto da paxina de trasno (ainda que se se vai ao LDP ainda se poden baixar dende ali). Tamen se poderia actualizar o apendice destas traduccions vellas ainda que sexan vellas, porque os enderezos xa non existen e a informacion e dos tempos de GzLiNuX. Falando de GzLiNuX acordoume GALINUX. ¿Esta revista tivo algo que ver con GzLiNuX? ¿Por que desapareceu? Nin sequera se rematou o primeiro numero. Traiovos mais dubidas. Estas corresponden a actualizacion da traduccion do Linux Partition mini-Howto, que agora se chama Linux Partition Howto. A primeira traduccion fixoa Manuel A. Fernandez Montecelo (perdoade, pero teño problemas cos tiles) o 5 de novembro do 1999 e daquela o mini-Howto estaba abandonado (a ultima revision fixerase o 3 de novembro do 1997). O 1 de maio do 2000 outra persoa volveu a ocuparse do mini-howto pero engadindolle unha chea de cousas novas co que pasou a ser un howto (eu diria que case duplicou o tamaño). Asi e todo a anterior traduccion de Manuel A. Fernandez Montecelo axudoume moito (Moitas Gracias), pero non conseguin traducir todo. Aqui tedes as pouquiñas dubidas que me quedaron:



Dubidas tontas, ou non tanto:

Particionar?? ¿As copias de seguridade diferenciais tamen se chaman completas?




A primeira parte (antes de //) e a traduccion que se me ocorreu pero que creo que non e a mais axeitada. A segunda e a frase orixinal:

conxunto de bloques contiguos //contiguous set of blocks Observacións //Constraints ficheiros falsos //phoney files co que conseguirás un disco que non se pode usar //, which will render the drive unusable sistemas de ficheiros alleos //foreign filesystems poden subparticionarse //could be subpartitioned pratos //platters [falan de discos duros] particionado //partitioned inodos asignados //allocated inodes




Frases (ou palabras) en ingles que non souben traducir:

Encapsulate your data a partition you stand to lose Runaway processes bookkeeping operations partitions mustnt overlap other spooky stuff gnu partition editor sfdisk: a command-line version of fdisk cfdisk: a curses-based version of fdisk How to estimate the various size and speed requirements for different parts of the filesystem. Instructions and considerations regarding disks with more than 1024 cylinders. Instructions on limiting disk space usage per user (quotas). How to restore linux partitions after they have been deleted by a Windows install. Does not appear to preserve data. Instructions on integrating Linux into an IBM ADSM backup environment. Information about MS-DOS driven Linux backups. Instructions on writing and submitting a HOWTO document. Naming Convention IDE controller naming convention Under linux, there is only wailing and gnashing of teeth. Lower SCSI ID numbers are assigned lower-order letters, so if you remove one drive from the chain, the names of the higher ID number drives will change. If you have two SCSI controllers in your linux box, you will need to examine the output of /bin/dmesg in order to see what name each drive was assigned. If you remove one of two controllers, the remaining controller might have all its drives renamed. Grrr... There are two work-arounds; both involve using a program to put a label on each partition. You then refer to the partition directly or indirectly by label. For the sake of completeness, see Kristian's discussion of device numbers below. its major and minor device numbers major device number minor device number each partition is labeled to host a certain class of filesystem Foreign Partition Types (you can't figure out what they should be) particular to a given operating system skirt set of in-memory pages which will be referenced by the processor in the very near future is called a "working set". free up RAM It effectively increases Expect performance to drop by approximately the ratio between memory access speed and disk access speed. If memory becomes so scarce that the kernel pages out from the working set of one process in order to page in for another, the machine is said to be thrashing. Some readers might have inadvertenly experienced this: the hard drive is grinding away like crazy, but the computer is slow to the point of being unusable see the the discussion Boot Drive Discussion Boot Partition a version of lilo before 21-3 (ie, from the 1990s) the boot partition need only contain the kernel image. than one boot partition or a means other than lilo loading your kernel Unless you swap to files you will need a dedicated swap partition You need a swap partition or more. 8 total (across drives) are permitted. your mail spool spool directories such as those for mail and printing This is where most executable binaries go. In addition, the kernel source tree goes here, and much documentation. if you run computationally intensive jobs, like science or engineering applications, hundreds of megabytes could be required for brief periods of time quotas /boot This is where your kernel images go. See discussion above for placement on old systems. expect to change backup media for the weekly/monthly full dump - no unattended operation possible A general rule of thumb the RAM and the swap add up A very old rule of thumb in the days of the PDP and the Vax the size of the working set of a program working set a large data set that is accessed in a very random fashion would have almost no noticeable locality of reference in its data segment, so its working set would be quite large. an xv with many simultaneously opened JPEGs, all but one iconified, would have a very large data segment. But image transformations are all done on one single image, most of the memory occupied by xv is never touched. a very high locality of reference and large parts of them can be kept swapped out without too severe performance impact. I know of no newer papers that try to verify these numbers. It follows then that writing swap writing fdisk at the command prompt it could be not physically accurate, but you can accept it as though it were. see 4 for discussion on problems with that calculation. The overview the shell prompt bootable on my SCSI chain boot unit stuff I type is bold even big RPM based ones [fala das distribucions de Linux] I HIGHLY suggest putting quite a few up you have run out of luck If you underestimate, there will be much wailing and gnashing of teeth grep out the block count [creo que fala de usalo grep] you underestimated Mike Vevea, jedi sys admin and MGH's finest At the shell prompt for set up a swap partition for enable the swap area journaling file system network file system discussion the files come in any size that's why ext2 tries to preallocate space in units of 8 contiguous blocks for growing files.
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