Genial e denso mesmo é isso aqui, escrito mais de 150 anos antes de qualquer 
debate sobre trabalho imaterial, sobre conhecimento como mercadoria, sobre 
ciência como força produtiva (Habermas). sobre capitalismo informacional (e 
suas contradições insolúveis!)...

The exchange of living labour for objectified labour – i.e. the positing of 
social labour in the form of the contradiction of capital and wage labour – is 
the ultimate development of the value-relation and of production resting on 
value. Its presupposition is – and remains – the mass of direct labour time, 
the quantity of labour employed, as the determinant factor in the production of 
wealth. But to the degree that large industry develops, the creation of real 
wealth comes to depend less on labour time and on the amount of labour employed 
than on the power of the agencies set in motion during labour time, whose 
‘powerful effectiveness’ is   itself in turn out of all proportion to the 
direct labour time spent on their production, but depends rather on the general 
state of science and on the progress of technology, or the application of this 
science to production. (The development of this science, especially natural 
science, and all others with the latter, is itself in turn related to the 
development of material production.) Agriculture, e.g., becomes merely the 
application of the science of material metabolism, its regulation for the 
greatest advantage of the entire body of society. Real wealth manifests itself, 
rather – and large industry reveals this – in the monstrous disproportion 
between the labour time applied, and its product, as well as in the qualitative 
imbalance between labour, reduced to a pure abstraction, and the power of the 
production process it superintends. Labour no longer appears so much to be 
included within the production process; rather, the human being comes to relate 
more as watchman and regulator to the production process itself. (What holds 
for machinery holds likewise for the combination of human activities and the 
development of human intercourse.) No longer does the worker insert a modified 
natural thing [Naturgegenstand] as middle link between the object [Objekt] and 
himself; rather, he inserts the process of nature, transformed into an 
industrial process, as a means between himself and inorganic nature, mastering 
it. He steps to the side of the production process instead of being its chief 
actor. In this transformation, it is neither the direct human labour he himself 
performs, nor the time during which he works, but rather the appropriation of 
his own general productive power, his understanding of nature and his mastery 
over it by virtue of his presence as a social body – it is, in a word, the 
development of the social individual which appears as the great 
foundation-stone of production and of wealth. The theft of alien labour time, 
on which the present wealth is based, appears a miserable foundation in face of 
this new one, created by large-scale industry itself. As soon as labour in the 
direct form has ceased to be the great well-spring of wealth, labour time 
ceases and must cease to be its measure, and hence exchange value [must cease 
to be the measure] of use value. The surplus labour of the mass has ceased to 
be the condition for the development of general wealth, just as the non-labour 
of the few, for the development of the general powers of the human head. With 
that, production based on exchange value breaks down, and the direct, material 
production process is stripped of the form of  penury and antithesis. The free 
development of individualities, and hence not the reduction of necessary labour 
time so as to posit surplus labour, but rather the general reduction of the 
necessary labour of society to a minimum, which then corresponds to the 
artistic, scientific etc. development of the individuals in the time set free, 
and with the means created, for all of them. Capital itself is the moving 
contradiction, [in] that it presses to reduce labour time to a minimum, while 
it posits labour time, on the other side, as sole measure and source of wealth. 
Hence it diminishes labour time in the necessary form so as to increase it in 
the superfluous form; hence posits the superfluous in growing measure as a 
condition – question of life or death – for the necessary. On the one side, 
then, it calls to life all the powers of science and of nature, as of social 
combination and of social intercourse, in order to make the creation of wealth 
independent (relatively) of the labour time employed on it. On the other side, 
it wants to use labour time as the measuring rod for the giant social forces 
thereby created, and to confine them within the limits required to maintain the 
already created value as value. Forces of production and social relations – two 
different sides of the development of the social individual – appear to capital 
as mere means, and are merely means for it to produce on its limited 
foundation. In fact, however, they are the material conditions to blow this 
foundation sky-high. ‘Truly wealthy a nation, when the working day is 6 rather 
than 12 hours. Wealth is not command over surplus labour time’ (real wealth), 
‘but rather, disposable time outside that needed in direct production, for 
every individual and the whole society.’ (The Source and Remedy etc. 1821, p. 
6.)

Nature builds no machines, no locomotives, railways, electric telegraphs, 
self-acting mules etc. These are products of human industry; natural material 
transformed into organs of the human will over nature, or of human 
participation in nature. They are organs of the human brain, created by the 
human hand; the power of knowledge, objectified. The development of fixed 
capital indicates to what degree general social knowledge has become a direct 
force of production, and to what degree, hence, the conditions of the process 
of social life itself have come under the control of the general intellect and 
been transformed in accordance with it. To what degree the powers of social 
production have been produced, not only in the form of knowledge, but also as 
immediate organs of social practice, of the real life process.

 (Karl Marx, Grundrisse der Kritik der Politischen Ökonomie, 1857-1861)



> Velho, desculpe mas denso é Heidegger, Nietzsche,
> Merlau-Ponty, Michel Foucalt. Hélio Oiticia (Artista
> Plástico), Drummond, Fernando Pessoa (todos os
> heterônimos que conheço), Sartre (em posição
> estratégica), Machado de Assis (por último para ficar
> ecoando: DE ASSIS, DE ASSIs, DE ASSis, DE ASsis)... Li
> a introdução e parte do cap. V e acho ótimas as
> conexões, mas não denso.
>
> Isso é denso:
>
> O mundo é grande
>
> O mundo é grande e cabe
> nesta janela sobre o mar.
> O mar é grande e cabe
> na cama e no colchão de amar.
> O amor é grande e cabe
> no breve espaço de beijar.
>
> (Carlos Drummond de Andrade in “Amar se Aprende
> Amando”)


>
> Do Jornal de Poesia
> http://www.secrel.com.br/jpoesia/drumm3.html#omundo
>
> Humano cadê você humano...
>
> Sérgio Amadeu é um cara legal.
>
> P.S.: ...
>
> --- Aurélio A. Heckert <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> escreveu:
>
> > Rapaz...
> > Isso é ****Denso****!!!
> >
> > Sergio Amadeu é gênio.
> >
> > Em 07/12/05, Vicente Aguiar<[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
> > escreveu:
> > > Rapaz...
> > >
> > > Para quem está pesquisando sobre Software Livre ou
> > tem interesse no
> > > debate, esta tese de Doutotado da USP (de um cara
> > que "ninguém"
> > > conhece) acobou de sair do forno, vejam:
> > >
> > >
> >
> http://twiki.softwarelivre.org/bin/view/TeseSA/WebHome
> > >
> > > Boa Leitura!!!
> > >
> > >
> > > --
> > > Vicente Aguiar  :-)
> > >
> > > BanSol - Associação de Fomento À  Economia
> > Solidária.
> > > www.bansol.ufba.br    [EMAIL PROTECTED]
> > >  Tel: (71) 3263 7369
> > > =================================
> > > Nós usamos Software Livre!!!
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> >
> > --
> >
> -===================================================-
> >     .           .   Aurélio A. Heckert [ GNU/Linux ]
> >    /             \  http://www.aurium.cjb.net
> >   ((__-^^-,-^^-__))
> >    `-_---" "---_-´  Web Colaborativa:
> >     `--|o` ´o|--´   http://www.TWiki.org
> >        \  '  /      Projeto Software Livre - Bahia:
> >         ): :(       http://psl-ba.softwarelivre.org
> >         (o_o)       GNOSIS - Software Livre:
> >          "-"        http://www.gnosislivre.org
> >   -------------------------------------------------
> >     GNU/Linux User #312507  http://counter.li.org
> >   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
> >     (  ( ( http://www.midiaindependente.org ) )  )
> >
> -===================================================-
> >
> >   "Se conhecimento é poder, que país governado
> >    por industriais dará a verdadeira educação?
> >    Cuidado com o feedback da miséria!" Tet Ramon
> >   "Eu temo pela minha espécie quando penso que
> >    Deus é justo."  Thomas Jefferson
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> Felipe...
>
>
>
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>
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