On 05/01/2012 06:43 PM, George Wilson wrote:

Anthony Liguori<anth...@codemonkey.ws>  wrote on 05/01/2012 06:26:05 PM:

Anthony Liguori<anth...@codemonkey.ws>
05/01/2012 06:26 PM


Paul Moore<pmo...@redhat.com>


qemu-devel@nongnu.org, George Wilson/Austin/IBM@IBMUS


Re: [Qemu-devel] [PATCH] vnc: disable VNC password authentication
(security type 2) when in FIPS mode

On 05/01/2012 04:20 PM, Paul Moore wrote:
FIPS 140-2 requires disabling certain ciphers, including DES, which is
by VNC to obscure passwords when they are sent over the network.  The
solution for FIPS users is to disable the use of VNC password auth when
host system is operating in FIPS mode.

Sorry, what?

Does FIPS really require software to detect when FIPS is enabled
disable features???  That's absurd.

Can you point to another software package that does something like this?

Yes, it's true that only FIPS-approved algorithms are permitted for use in
mode.  The kernel and all other FIPS 140-2 validated crypto modules like
and NSS are required to restrict algorithms to the approved set.  The
sets /proc/sys/crypto/fips_enabled so that programs can detect FIPS mode
behave in accordance with the standard.

But this is nonsensical. It would allow no-password to be configured for the VNC server but not DES? Why is that okay? It's not like we enable DES passwords by default. A user has to explicitly configure it.

Is there an open source app that actually keys off of fips_enabled?


Anthony Liguori


Anthony Liguori

This patch causes qemu to emits a syslog entry indicating that VNC
auth is disabled when it detects the host is running in FIPS mode, and
unless a VNC password was specified on the command line it continues
normally.  However, if a VNC password was given on the command line,
fails with an error message to stderr explaining that that VNC password
auth is not allowed in FIPS mode.

Signed-off-by: Paul Moore<pmo...@redhat.com>
   qemu-doc.texi |    8 +++++---
   ui/vnc.c      |   32 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
   ui/vnc.h      |    1 +
   3 files changed, 38 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/qemu-doc.texi b/qemu-doc.texi
index e5d7ac4..f9b113e 100644
--- a/qemu-doc.texi
+++ b/qemu-doc.texi
@@ -1124,9 +1124,11 @@ the protocol limits passwords to 8
characters it should not be considered
   to provide high security. The password can be fairly easily
brute-forced by
   a client making repeat connections. For this reason, a VNC
server using password
   authentication should be restricted to only listen on the
loopback interface
-or UNIX domain sockets. Password authentication is requested with
the @code{password}
-option, and then once QEMU is running the password is set with
the monitor. Until
-the monitor is used to set the password all clients will be rejected.
+or UNIX domain sockets. Password authentication is not supported
when operating
+in FIPS 140-2 compliance mode as it requires the use of the DES
cipher. Password
+authentication is requested with the @code{password} option, and
then once QEMU
+is running the password is set with the monitor. Until the
monitor is used to
+set the password all clients will be rejected.

   qemu [...OPTIONS...] -vnc :1,password -monitor stdio
diff --git a/ui/vnc.c b/ui/vnc.c
index deb9ecd..620791e 100644
--- a/ui/vnc.c
+++ b/ui/vnc.c
@@ -32,6 +32,7 @@
   #include "acl.h"
   #include "qemu-objects.h"
   #include "qmp-commands.h"

@@ -48,6 +49,24 @@ static DisplayChangeListener *dcl;
   static int vnc_cursor_define(VncState *vs);
   static void vnc_release_modifiers(VncState *vs);

+static int fips_enabled(void)
+    int enabled = 0;
+    char value;
+    FILE *fds;
+    fds = fopen("/proc/sys/crypto/fips_enabled", "r");
+    if (fds == NULL) {
+        return 0;
+    }
+    if (fread(&value, sizeof(value), 1, fds) == 1&&   value == '1') {
+        enabled = 1;
+    }
+    fclose(fds);
+    return enabled;
   static void vnc_set_share_mode(VncState *vs, VncShareMode mode)
   #ifdef _VNC_DEBUG
@@ -2748,6 +2767,12 @@ void vnc_display_init(DisplayState *ds)
       dcl->idle = 1;
       vnc_display = vs;

+    vs->fips = fips_enabled();
+    VNC_DEBUG("FIPS mode %s\n", (vs->fips ? "enabled" : "disabled"));
+    if (vs->fips) {
+        syslog(LOG_NOTICE, "Disabling VNC password auth due to
FIPS mode\n");
+    }
       vs->lsock = -1;

       vs->ds = ds;
@@ -2892,6 +2917,13 @@ int vnc_display_open(DisplayState *ds,
const char *display)
       while ((options = strchr(options, ','))) {
           if (strncmp(options, "password", 8) == 0) {
+            if (vs->fips) {
+                fprintf(stderr,
+                        "VNC password auth disabled due to FIPS mode
+                g_free(vs->display);
+                vs->display = NULL;
+                return -1;
+            }
               password = 1; /* Require password auth */
           } else if (strncmp(options, "reverse", 7) == 0) {
               reverse = 1;
diff --git a/ui/vnc.h b/ui/vnc.h
index a851ebd..8746a98 100644
--- a/ui/vnc.h
+++ b/ui/vnc.h
@@ -160,6 +160,7 @@ struct VncDisplay
       char *display;
       char *password;
       time_t expires;
+    int fips;
       int auth;
       bool lossy;
       bool non_adaptive;

George Wilson

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