Uses throttling APIs to limit I/O bandwidth and number of operations on the 
fsdev devices.

Signed-off-by: Pradeep Jagadeesh <pradeep.jagade...@huawei.com>
---
 fsdev/Makefile.objs         |   1 +
 fsdev/file-op-9p.h          |   3 +
 fsdev/qemu-fsdev-opts.c     |  76 ++++++++++++++++++
 fsdev/qemu-fsdev-throttle.c | 191 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 fsdev/qemu-fsdev-throttle.h |  42 ++++++++++
 hw/9pfs/9p-local.c          |  11 ++-
 hw/9pfs/9p.c                |   7 ++
 hw/9pfs/cofile.c            |   3 +
 8 files changed, 332 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 fsdev/qemu-fsdev-throttle.c
 create mode 100644 fsdev/qemu-fsdev-throttle.h

This adds the support for the 9p-local driver.
For now this functionality can be enabled only through qemu cli options.
QMP interface and support to other drivers need further extensions.
To make it simple for other drivers, the throttle code has been put in
separate files.

v1 -> v2:

-Fixed FsContext redeclaration issue
-Removed couple of function declarations from 9p-throttle.h
-Fixed some of the .help messages

v2 -> v3:

-Addressed follwing comments by Claudio Fontana
 -Removed redundant memset calls in fsdev_throttle_configure_iolimits function
 -Checking throttle structure validity before initializing other structures
  in fsdev_throttle_configure_iolimits

-Addressed following comments by Greg Kurz
 -Moved the code from 9pfs directory to fsdev directory, because the throttling
  is for the fsdev devices.Renamed the files and functions to fsdev_ from 9pfs_
 -Renamed throttling cli options to throttling.*, as in QMP cli options
 -Removed some of the unwanted .h files from qemu-fsdev-throttle.[ch]
 -Using throttle_enabled() function to set the thottle enabled flag for fsdev.

diff --git a/fsdev/Makefile.objs b/fsdev/Makefile.objs
index 1b120a4..2c6da2d 100644
--- a/fsdev/Makefile.objs
+++ b/fsdev/Makefile.objs
@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@ common-obj-y = qemu-fsdev-dummy.o
 endif
 common-obj-y += qemu-fsdev-opts.o
 
+common-obj-y += qemu-fsdev-throttle.o
 # Toplevel always builds this; targets without virtio will put it in
 # common-obj-y
 common-obj-$(CONFIG_ALL) += qemu-fsdev-dummy.o
diff --git a/fsdev/file-op-9p.h b/fsdev/file-op-9p.h
index 6db9fea..33fe822 100644
--- a/fsdev/file-op-9p.h
+++ b/fsdev/file-op-9p.h
@@ -17,6 +17,7 @@
 #include <dirent.h>
 #include <utime.h>
 #include <sys/vfs.h>
+#include "qemu-fsdev-throttle.h"
 
 #define SM_LOCAL_MODE_BITS    0600
 #define SM_LOCAL_DIR_MODE_BITS    0700
@@ -74,6 +75,7 @@ typedef struct FsDriverEntry {
     char *path;
     int export_flags;
     FileOperations *ops;
+    FsThrottle fst;
 } FsDriverEntry;
 
 typedef struct FsContext
@@ -83,6 +85,7 @@ typedef struct FsContext
     int export_flags;
     struct xattr_operations **xops;
     struct extended_ops exops;
+    FsThrottle *fst;
     /* fs driver specific data */
     void *private;
 } FsContext;
diff --git a/fsdev/qemu-fsdev-opts.c b/fsdev/qemu-fsdev-opts.c
index 1dd8c7a..395d497 100644
--- a/fsdev/qemu-fsdev-opts.c
+++ b/fsdev/qemu-fsdev-opts.c
@@ -37,6 +37,82 @@ static QemuOptsList qemu_fsdev_opts = {
         }, {
             .name = "sock_fd",
             .type = QEMU_OPT_NUMBER,
+        }, {
+            .name = "throttling.iops-total",
+            .type = QEMU_OPT_NUMBER,
+            .help = "limit total I/O operations per second",
+        },{
+            .name = "throttling.iops-read",
+            .type = QEMU_OPT_NUMBER,
+            .help = "limit read operations per second",
+        },{
+            .name = "throttling.iops-write",
+            .type = QEMU_OPT_NUMBER,
+            .help = "limit write operations per second",
+        },{
+            .name = "throttling.bps-total",
+            .type = QEMU_OPT_NUMBER,
+            .help = "limit total bytes per second",
+        },{
+            .name = "throttling.bps-read",
+            .type = QEMU_OPT_NUMBER,
+            .help = "limit read bytes per second",
+        },{
+            .name = "throttling.bps-write",
+            .type = QEMU_OPT_NUMBER,
+            .help = "limit write bytes per second",
+        },{
+            .name = "throttling.iops-total-max",
+            .type = QEMU_OPT_NUMBER,
+            .help = "I/O operations burst",
+        },{
+            .name = "throttling.iops-read-max",
+            .type = QEMU_OPT_NUMBER,
+            .help = "I/O operations read burst",
+        },{
+            .name = "throttling.iops-write-max",
+            .type = QEMU_OPT_NUMBER,
+            .help = "I/O operations write burst",
+        },{
+            .name = "throttling.bps-total-max",
+            .type = QEMU_OPT_NUMBER,
+            .help = "total bytes burst",
+        },{
+            .name = "throttling.bps-read-max",
+            .type = QEMU_OPT_NUMBER,
+            .help = "total bytes read burst",
+        },{
+            .name = "throttling.bps-write-max",
+            .type = QEMU_OPT_NUMBER,
+            .help = "total bytes write burst",
+        },{
+            .name = "throttling.iops-total-max-length",
+            .type = QEMU_OPT_NUMBER,
+            .help = "length of the iops-total-max burst period, in seconds",
+        },{
+            .name = "throttling.iops-read-max-length",
+            .type = QEMU_OPT_NUMBER,
+            .help = "length of the iops-read-max burst period, in seconds",
+        },{
+            .name = "throttling.iops-write-max-length",
+            .type = QEMU_OPT_NUMBER,
+            .help = "length of the iops-write-max burst period, in seconds",
+        },{
+            .name = "throttling.bps-total-max-length",
+            .type = QEMU_OPT_NUMBER,
+            .help = "length of the bps-total-max burst period, in seconds",
+        },{
+            .name = "throttling.bps-read-max-length",
+            .type = QEMU_OPT_NUMBER,
+            .help = "length of the bps-read-max burst period, in seconds",
+        },{
+            .name = "throttling.bps-write-max-length",
+            .type = QEMU_OPT_NUMBER,
+            .help = "length of the bps-write-max burst period, in seconds",
+        },{
+            .name = "throttling.iops-size",
+            .type = QEMU_OPT_NUMBER,
+            .help = "when limiting by iops max size of an I/O in bytes",
         },
 
         { /*End of list */ }
diff --git a/fsdev/qemu-fsdev-throttle.c b/fsdev/qemu-fsdev-throttle.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..0adccd1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/fsdev/qemu-fsdev-throttle.c
@@ -0,0 +1,191 @@
+/*
+ * Fsdev Throttle
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2016 Huawei Technologies Duesseldorf GmbH
+ *
+ * Author: Pradeep Jagadeesh <pradeep.jagade...@huawei.com>
+ *
+ * This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL, version 2 or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * See the COPYING file in the top-level directory for details.
+ *
+ */
+
+#include "qemu/osdep.h"
+#include "qemu/error-report.h"
+#include "qapi/error.h"
+#include "qemu-fsdev-throttle.h"
+
+static bool fsdev_throttle_check_for_wait(FsThrottle *fst, bool is_write)
+{
+    if (fst->any_timer_armed[is_write]) {
+        return true;
+    } else {
+        return throttle_schedule_timer(&fst->ts, &fst->tt, is_write);
+    }
+}
+
+static void fsdev_throttle_schedule_next_request(FsThrottle *fst, bool 
is_write)
+{
+    bool must_wait = fsdev_throttle_check_for_wait(fst, is_write);
+    if (!fst->pending_reqs[is_write]) {
+        return;
+    }
+    if (!must_wait) {
+        if (qemu_in_coroutine() &&
+            qemu_co_queue_next(&fst->throttled_reqs[is_write])) {
+            ;
+       } else {
+           int64_t now = qemu_clock_get_ns(fst->tt.clock_type);
+           timer_mod(fst->tt.timers[is_write], now + 1);
+           fst->any_timer_armed[is_write] = true;
+       }
+   }
+}
+
+static void fsdev_throttle_timer_cb(FsThrottle *fst, bool is_write)
+{
+    bool empty_queue;
+    qemu_mutex_lock(&fst->lock);
+    fst->any_timer_armed[is_write] = false;
+    qemu_mutex_unlock(&fst->lock);
+    empty_queue = !qemu_co_enter_next(&fst->throttled_reqs[is_write]);
+    if (empty_queue) {
+        qemu_mutex_lock(&fst->lock);
+        fsdev_throttle_schedule_next_request(fst, is_write);
+        qemu_mutex_unlock(&fst->lock);
+    }
+}
+
+bool fsdev_throttle_enabled(FsThrottle *fst)
+{
+    return fst->enabled;
+}
+
+static void fsdev_iolimits_enable(FsThrottle *fst)
+{
+    fst->enabled = true;
+}
+
+static void fsdev_iolimits_disable(FsThrottle *fst)
+{
+    fst->enabled = false;
+}
+
+static void fsdev_throttle_read_timer_cb(void *opaque)
+{
+    fsdev_throttle_timer_cb(opaque, false);
+}
+
+static void fsdev_throttle_write_timer_cb(void *opaque)
+{
+    fsdev_throttle_timer_cb(opaque, true);
+}
+
+static void fsdev_parse_io_limit_opts(QemuOpts *opts, FsThrottle *fst)
+{
+    fst->cfg.buckets[THROTTLE_BPS_TOTAL].avg =
+          qemu_opt_get_number(opts, "throttling.bps-total", 0);
+    fst->cfg.buckets[THROTTLE_BPS_READ].avg  =
+          qemu_opt_get_number(opts, "throttling.bps-read", 0);
+    fst->cfg.buckets[THROTTLE_BPS_WRITE].avg =
+          qemu_opt_get_number(opts, "throttling.bps-write", 0);
+    fst->cfg.buckets[THROTTLE_OPS_TOTAL].avg =
+          qemu_opt_get_number(opts, "throttling.iops-total", 0);
+    fst->cfg.buckets[THROTTLE_OPS_READ].avg =
+          qemu_opt_get_number(opts, "throttling.iops-read", 0);
+    fst->cfg.buckets[THROTTLE_OPS_WRITE].avg =
+          qemu_opt_get_number(opts, "throttling.iops-write", 0);
+
+    fst->cfg.buckets[THROTTLE_BPS_TOTAL].max =
+          qemu_opt_get_number(opts, "throttling.bps-total-max", 0);
+    fst->cfg.buckets[THROTTLE_BPS_READ].max  =
+          qemu_opt_get_number(opts, "throttling.bps-read-max", 0);
+    fst->cfg.buckets[THROTTLE_BPS_WRITE].max =
+          qemu_opt_get_number(opts, "throttling.bps-write-max", 0);
+    fst->cfg.buckets[THROTTLE_OPS_TOTAL].max =
+          qemu_opt_get_number(opts, "throttling.iops-total-max", 0);
+    fst->cfg.buckets[THROTTLE_OPS_READ].max =
+          qemu_opt_get_number(opts, "throttling.iops-read-max", 0);
+    fst->cfg.buckets[THROTTLE_OPS_WRITE].max =
+          qemu_opt_get_number(opts, "throttling.iops-write-max", 0);
+
+    fst->cfg.buckets[THROTTLE_BPS_TOTAL].burst_length =
+          qemu_opt_get_number(opts, "throttling.bps-total-max-length", 1);
+    fst->cfg.buckets[THROTTLE_BPS_READ].burst_length  =
+          qemu_opt_get_number(opts, "throttling.bps-read-max-length", 1);
+    fst->cfg.buckets[THROTTLE_BPS_WRITE].burst_length =
+          qemu_opt_get_number(opts, "throttling.bps-write-max-length", 1);
+    fst->cfg.buckets[THROTTLE_OPS_TOTAL].burst_length =
+          qemu_opt_get_number(opts, "throttling.iops-total-max-length", 1);
+    fst->cfg.buckets[THROTTLE_OPS_READ].burst_length =
+          qemu_opt_get_number(opts, "throttling.iops-read-max-length", 1);
+    fst->cfg.buckets[THROTTLE_OPS_WRITE].burst_length =
+          qemu_opt_get_number(opts, "throttling.iops-write-max-length", 1);
+    fst->cfg.op_size =
+          qemu_opt_get_number(opts, "throttling.iops-size", 0);
+}
+
+int fsdev_throttle_configure_iolimits(QemuOpts *opts, FsThrottle *fst)
+{
+    Error *err = NULL;
+
+    /* Parse and set populate the cfg structure */
+    fsdev_parse_io_limit_opts(opts, fst);
+
+    if (!throttle_is_valid(&fst->cfg, &err)) {
+        error_report("Throttle configuration is not valid");
+        return -1;
+    }
+    if (throttle_enabled(&fst->cfg)) {
+        fst->aioctx = qemu_get_aio_context();
+        if (!fst->aioctx) {
+            error_report("Failed to create AIO Context");
+            return -1;
+        }
+        throttle_init(&fst->ts);
+        throttle_timers_init(&fst->tt,
+                             fst->aioctx,
+                             QEMU_CLOCK_REALTIME,
+                             fsdev_throttle_read_timer_cb,
+                             fsdev_throttle_write_timer_cb,
+                             fst);
+        throttle_config(&fst->ts, &fst->tt, &fst->cfg);
+        qemu_co_queue_init(&fst->throttled_reqs[0]);
+        qemu_co_queue_init(&fst->throttled_reqs[1]);
+        fst->pending_reqs[0] = 0;
+        fst->pending_reqs[1] = 0;
+        fst->any_timer_armed[0] = false;
+        fst->any_timer_armed[1] = false;
+        qemu_mutex_init(&fst->lock);
+        fsdev_iolimits_enable(fst);
+   } else {
+        fsdev_iolimits_disable(fst);
+   }
+   return 0;
+}
+
+void fsdev_throttle_request(FsThrottle *fst, bool is_write, ssize_t bytes)
+{
+    if (fsdev_throttle_enabled(fst)) {
+        qemu_mutex_lock(&fst->lock);
+        bool must_wait = fsdev_throttle_check_for_wait(fst, is_write);
+        if (must_wait || fst->pending_reqs[is_write]) {
+            fst->pending_reqs[is_write]++;
+            qemu_mutex_unlock(&fst->lock);
+            qemu_co_queue_wait(&fst->throttled_reqs[is_write]);
+            qemu_mutex_lock(&fst->lock);
+            fst->pending_reqs[is_write]--;
+       }
+       throttle_account(&fst->ts, is_write, bytes);
+       fsdev_throttle_schedule_next_request(fst, is_write);
+       qemu_mutex_unlock(&fst->lock);
+    }
+}
+
+void fsdev_throttle_cleanup(FsThrottle *fst)
+{
+    throttle_timers_destroy(&fst->tt);
+    qemu_mutex_destroy(&fst->lock);
+}
diff --git a/fsdev/qemu-fsdev-throttle.h b/fsdev/qemu-fsdev-throttle.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..73dd367
--- /dev/null
+++ b/fsdev/qemu-fsdev-throttle.h
@@ -0,0 +1,42 @@
+/*
+ * Fsdev Throttle
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2016 Huawei Technologies Duesseldorf GmbH
+ *
+ * Author: Pradeep Jagadeesh <pradeep.jagade...@huawei.com>
+ *
+ * This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL, version 2 or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * See the COPYING file in the top-level directory for details.
+ *
+ */
+
+#ifndef _FSDEV_THROTTLE_H
+#define _FSDEV_THROTTLE_H
+
+#include "block/aio.h"
+#include "qemu/main-loop.h"
+#include "qemu/coroutine.h"
+#include "qemu/throttle.h"
+
+typedef struct FsThrottle {
+    ThrottleState ts;
+    ThrottleTimers tt;
+    AioContext   *aioctx;
+    ThrottleConfig cfg;
+    bool enabled;
+    CoQueue      throttled_reqs[2];
+    unsigned     pending_reqs[2];
+    bool any_timer_armed[2];
+    QemuMutex lock;
+} FsThrottle;
+
+bool fsdev_throttle_enabled(FsThrottle *);
+
+int fsdev_throttle_configure_iolimits(QemuOpts *, FsThrottle *);
+
+void fsdev_throttle_request(FsThrottle *, bool , ssize_t);
+
+void fsdev_throttle_cleanup(FsThrottle *);
+#endif /* _FSDEV_THROTTLE_H */
diff --git a/hw/9pfs/9p-local.c b/hw/9pfs/9p-local.c
index 3f271fc..b1009fc 100644
--- a/hw/9pfs/9p-local.c
+++ b/hw/9pfs/9p-local.c
@@ -436,8 +436,8 @@ static ssize_t local_pwritev(FsContext *ctx, 
V9fsFidOpenState *fs,
                              const struct iovec *iov,
                              int iovcnt, off_t offset)
 {
-    ssize_t ret
-;
+    ssize_t ret;
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_PREADV
     ret = pwritev(fs->fd, iov, iovcnt, offset);
 #else
@@ -1213,6 +1213,8 @@ static int local_parse_opts(QemuOpts *opts, struct 
FsDriverEntry *fse)
     const char *sec_model = qemu_opt_get(opts, "security_model");
     const char *path = qemu_opt_get(opts, "path");
 
+    FsThrottle *fst = &fse->fst;
+
     if (!sec_model) {
         error_report("Security model not specified, local fs needs security 
model");
         error_printf("valid options are:"
@@ -1240,6 +1242,11 @@ static int local_parse_opts(QemuOpts *opts, struct 
FsDriverEntry *fse)
         error_report("fsdev: No path specified");
         return -1;
     }
+
+    if (fsdev_throttle_configure_iolimits(opts, fst) < 0) {
+        return -1;
+    }
+
     fse->path = g_strdup(path);
 
     return 0;
diff --git a/hw/9pfs/9p.c b/hw/9pfs/9p.c
index dfe293d..3748ba9 100644
--- a/hw/9pfs/9p.c
+++ b/hw/9pfs/9p.c
@@ -3490,6 +3490,10 @@ int v9fs_device_realize_common(V9fsState *s, Error 
**errp)
         error_setg(errp, "share path %s is not a directory", fse->path);
         goto out;
     }
+
+    /* Throttle structure initialization */
+    s->ctx.fst = &fse->fst;
+
     v9fs_path_free(&path);
 
     rc = 0;
@@ -3504,6 +3508,9 @@ out:
 
 void v9fs_device_unrealize_common(V9fsState *s, Error **errp)
 {
+    if (fsdev_throttle_enabled(s->ctx.fst)) {
+        fsdev_throttle_cleanup(s->ctx.fst);
+    }
     g_free(s->ctx.fs_root);
     g_free(s->tag);
 }
diff --git a/hw/9pfs/cofile.c b/hw/9pfs/cofile.c
index 10343c0..65897d5 100644
--- a/hw/9pfs/cofile.c
+++ b/hw/9pfs/cofile.c
@@ -16,6 +16,7 @@
 #include "qemu/thread.h"
 #include "qemu/coroutine.h"
 #include "coth.h"
+#include "fsdev/qemu-fsdev-throttle.h"
 
 int v9fs_co_st_gen(V9fsPDU *pdu, V9fsPath *path, mode_t st_mode,
                    V9fsStatDotl *v9stat)
@@ -242,6 +243,7 @@ int v9fs_co_pwritev(V9fsPDU *pdu, V9fsFidState *fidp,
     int err;
     V9fsState *s = pdu->s;
 
+    fsdev_throttle_request(s->ctx.fst, true, iov->iov_len);
     if (v9fs_request_cancelled(pdu)) {
         return -EINTR;
     }
@@ -261,6 +263,7 @@ int v9fs_co_preadv(V9fsPDU *pdu, V9fsFidState *fidp,
     int err;
     V9fsState *s = pdu->s;
 
+    fsdev_throttle_request(s->ctx.fst, false, iov->iov_len);
     if (v9fs_request_cancelled(pdu)) {
         return -EINTR;
     }
-- 
1.8.3.1


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